Ilmu pengetahuan Mesir

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Peta 1765 Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville dari Mesir Kuno merupakan kemajuan penting dalam kartografi subjek, yang membolehkan pembaca memahami tapak kuno dan moden lebih jelas daripada sebelumnya. Ia adalah peta utama yang digunakan dalam 1809-29 Deskripsi de l'Égypte.[1]

Ilmu pengetahuan Mesir atau Egiptologi (dari Mesir dan Greek -λογία, -logia. علم المصريات ) ialah kajian sejarah Mesir, bahasa, kesusasteraan, agama, seni bina dan seni kuno dari milenium SM hingga berakhirnya amalan keagamaan pribadinya pada abad ke-4 Masihi. Seorang pengamal disiplin adalah seorang "ahli bahasa Mesir". Di Eropah, terutamanya di Benua, Mesir dianggap sebagai disiplin filologi, sementara di Amerika Utara ia sering dianggap sebagai cabang arkeologi.

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  1. ^ Thompson 2015, m/s. 85: "Ancient and modern Egypt became easier to conceptualize because of the prolific French cartographer Jean-Baptiste Bourguignon d’Anville (1697–1782). The greatest mapmaker of his age, Bourguignon d’Anville also had a special interest in ancient geography, one that he wrote would not permit me to neglect Egypt, this country so celebrated in antiquity." Instead of copying older maps and blindly replicating their errors and speculations as had long been the practice he sought reliable data and was content to leave spaces blank rather than fill them with conjectural features. He had no firsthand experience with Egypt, but he carefully pored over every available source modern ancient and Arab as he explained in his ‘’Memoires sur l’Egypte ancienne et moderne’’ (1766). Bourguignon d’Anville's map of Egypt allowed readers to see the relationship of ancient and modern sites much more clearly than before. It continued in use well into the nineteenth century. Although the cartographers of Napoleon's Egyptian expedition made a more accurate map, it was declared a state secret and Bourguignon d’Anville's map was printed in its place in the great ‘’Description de l’Egypte.’’"

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