Jip

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Pada awal tahun 1941, Willys-Overland membuat pertunjukan keupayaan kenderaan luar jalan dengan memandunya menaiki tangga Capitol Amerika Syarikat, dipandu oleh pemandu uji Willys, "Red" Haussman, yang baru mendengar tentera di Kota Holabird memanggilnya "jeep." Apabila ditanya oleh penulis kolum Katherine Hillyer bagi Washington Daily News (atau oleh penonton, menurut kisah lain) apa namanya, Irving menjawap, "Ia adalah jip."

Rencana Katherine Hillyer diterbitkan seluruh negara pada 20 Februari 1941, dan termasuk gambar kenderaan dengan judul:

LAWMAKERS TAKE A RIDE- With Senator Meade, of New York, at the wheel, and Representative Thomas, of New Jersey, sitting beside him, one of the Army's new scout cars, known as "jeeps" or "quads", climbs up the Capitol steps in a demonstration yesterday. Soldiers in the rear seat for gunners were unperturbed.


Concept vehicles[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 1958 DJ-3A Pickup
  • 1970 XJ001
  • 1970 XJ002
  • 1971 Jeep Cowboy: A design study using AMC's "compact" automobile platform[1]
  • 1977 Jeep II
  • 1979 Jeep Jeepster II
  • 1986 Cherokee Targa: A two-door Cherokee convertible (later revised as Jeep Freedom show car)
  • 1987 Comanche Thunderchief: This vehicle was put into production later as the Comanche Eliminator
  • 1989 Jeep Concept 1: Evolved into the ZJ Grand Cherokee
  • 1989 Jeep Rubicon Wrangler: This vehicle was later put in production
  • 1990 Jeep JJ: Essentially what would later be called the Icon
  • 1990 Jeep Freedom:[2] A revised Cherokee Targa
  • 1991 Jeep Wagoneer 2000: A design study be the next generation Wagoneer, but was not put into production
  • 1993 Jeep Ecco
  • 1997 Jeep Cherokee Casablanca: A special edition of Cherokee, never produced
  • 1997 Jeep Wrangler Ultimate Rescue: A tuned version of a regular TJ Wrangler developed for SEMA show
  • 1997 Fender Jeep Wrangler
  • 1997 Jeep Dakar: A fused version of a XJ Cherokee and TJ Wrangler
  • 1997 Jeep Icon: A design study for the next-generation Wrangler
  • 1999 Jeep Journey
  • 1999 Jeep Jeepster Concept
  • 2000 Jeep Cherokee Total Exposure
  • 2000 Jeep Varsity: Subsequently put into production as the Compass
  • 2000 Jeep Commander Concept: Subsequently put into production as the XK
  • 2000 Jeep Willys
  • 2001 Jeep Willys 2
  • 2002 Jeep Wrangler Tabasco
  • 2002 Jeep Wrangler Patriot: A special decal package for the Wrangler X/Sport
  • 2002 Jeep Wrangler Mountain Biker
  • 2004 Jeep Grand Cherokee (WJ) Concierge
  • 2004 Jeep Treo
  • 2004 Jeep Rescue
  • 2004 Jeep Liberator CRD
  • 2005 Jeep Hurricane: The 4-wheel steering system allows the vehicle to have both a zero turning circle, and "crab" sideways.[3] Its engine was later put in the Grand Cherokee (WK) SRT-8
  • 2005 Jeep Gladiator Concept
  • 2005 Jeep Aggressor (the Rezo)
  • 2007 Jeep Trailhawk
  • 2008 Jeep Renegade
  • 2010 Jeep J8
  • 2010 Jeep Nukizer: Design study inspired by the Military Kaiser M-715

Jip disekeliling dunia[sunting | sunting sumber]

The Troller T4
Mahindra & Mahindra Limited Indian Jeep

Jeeps have been built and/or assembled around the world by various companies.[4]

Jeep apparel[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jeep is also a brand of apparel of outdoor lifestyle sold under license. It is reported that there are between 600 and 1,500 such outlets in China, vastly outnumbering the number of Jeep auto dealers in the country.[24][25]


Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Inline
  1. ^ Cranswick, Marc (2001). Cars of American Motors: An Illustrated History. McFarland. m/s. 146–147. ISBN 978-0-7864-4672-8. Dicapai 11 June 2012. 
  2. ^ Statham, Steve (2002). Jeep Color History. MBI Publishing. m/s. 101. ISBN 978-0-7603-0636-9. Dicapai 11 June 2011. 
  3. ^ Jewett, Dale. "2005 Detroit: Jeep blows into auto show with twin-Hemi Hurricane". Dicapai 23 February 2012. 
  4. ^ "Jeeps Around the World on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2009-01-31. Dicapai 2010-07-04. 
  5. ^ "Jeeps in Argentina on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2005-02-06. Dicapai 2010-07-04. 
  6. ^ "Jeeps in Australia on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. Dicapai 2010-07-04. 
  7. ^ "Jeeps in Brasil on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. Dicapai 2010-07-04. 
  8. ^ "Kaiser Jeep in Canada 1959–69 on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. Dicapai 2010-07-04. 
  9. ^ "Fiat to Re-introduce Jeep to China". ChinaAutoWeb.com. 2010-05.  Check date values in: |date= (bantuan)
  10. ^ "Jeeps in Colombia on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2010-03-22. Dicapai 2010-07-04. 
  11. ^ "Jeeps in France on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2008-09-17. Dicapai 2010-07-04. 
  12. ^ "Mahindra Jeeps on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2007-01-31. Dicapai 2010-07-04. 
  13. ^ "Jeeps in Italy on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2009-03-24. Dicapai 2010-07-04. 
  14. ^ "Jeeps in Japan on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2009-01-31. Dicapai 2010-07-04. 
  15. ^ "Jeeps in Korea on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2006-11-02. Dicapai 2010-07-04. 
  16. ^ "Jeeps in Mexico on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2002-07-25. Dicapai 2010-07-04. 
  17. ^ "Jeeps in the Netherlands on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. Dicapai 2010-07-04. 
  18. ^ "Jeepneys of the Philippines on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2005-04-27. Dicapai 2012-06-11. 
  19. ^ "Philippine firm brings old WWII jeeps back to life". Afp.google.com. 2008-06-30. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 2008-12-08. Dicapai 2012-06-11. 
  20. ^ "Electric minibuses start commercial operations in Philippines". Gulf-Times.com. 2008-07-02. Dicapai 2012-07-02. 
  21. ^ "Enforcers to drive E-jeeps". ManilaStandardToday.com. 2008-06-30. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 209-01-06. Dicapai 2012-06-11.  Check date values in: |archive-date= (bantuan)
  22. ^ "Jeeps in Spain on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2009-02-12. Dicapai 2010-07-04. 
  23. ^ "Jeeps in Turkey on The CJ3B Page". Film.queensu.ca. 2005-11-22. Dicapai 2010-07-04. 
  24. ^ Frost, Laurence (27 April 2012). "China auto market laggards chase premium profile". Chicago Tribune. Reuters. Dicapai 11 June 2012. 
  25. ^ Higgins, Tim (21 May 2012). "Jeeps Sell for $189,750 as China Demand Offsets Tariffs". Bloomberg Business Week. Dicapai 11 June 2012. 
General
  • Allen, Jim (2004). Jeep. MBI Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7603-1979-6. 
  • Foster, Patrick R. (2003). Standard Catalog of Jeep 1940–2003. Krause Publications. ISBN 978-0-87349-522-6. 
  • Ludel, Moses (1992). Jeep Owner's Bible: A Hands-On Guide to Getting the Most from Your Jeep. Robert Bentley. ISBN 978-0-8376-0154-0. 
  • Hartwell, Dickson (1960). "The Mighty Jeep". American Heritage Magazine. 12 (1).  Parameter |month= tidak diketahui diabaikan (bantuan)

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]