Knights of The Round Table

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Kesateria-Kesateria Meja Bulat (Bahasa Inggeris: Knights of the Round Table) merupakan segolongan kesateria yang berkhdimat di bawah Raja Arthur menurut Matter of Britain yang pertama kali tercatat dalam Roman de Brut karya Wace tahun 1155. Mereka bersidang di atas suatu meja bulat (Round Table) - bentuk meja tersebut suatu perlambangan kepada kesetaraan kedudukan semua dalam kalangan mereka. Mereka ditugaskan menjamin keselamatan kerajaan ini serta kemudiannya melibatkan diri dalam petualangan mencari relik Cangkir Suci yang dianggap penting kepada penganut Kristian zaman itu.

Senarai nama kesateria anggota[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bilangan mereka yang menganggotai kelompok ini berbeza mengikut karya sastera dari sekurang 12 sehingga sebanyak lebih 150 orang.

Knights of the Round Table
Nama Turut dikenali sebagai... Diperkenalkan dalam karya... Turut dijumpai dalam karya Catatan
Aglovale Agloval, Sir Aglovale de Galis The Life of Sir Aglovale de Galis Putera sulunh Raja Pellinore
Agravain Agravaine Lancelot-Grail, Le Morte d'Arthur Putera kedua Raja Lot dan Morgause, joins Mordred's rebellion
Arthur Arthur Pendragon, Arturus Y Gododdin, sekitar abad ke-7 Many Dijoloki sebagai Raja orang Britain (King of the Britons)
Bagdemagus Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart, tahun 1170-an Bapa Meleagant, raja Gorre
Bedivere (b. Wales: Bedwyr, b. Perancis: Bédoier) Bedevere Pa Gur yv y Porthaur, sekitar abad ke-10 Vita Cadoc, Culhwch dan Olwen, Stanzas of the Graves, Welsh Triads, Historia Regum Britanniae, Le Morte d'Arthur, numerous others Adik Sir Lucan
Bors the Younger Anak Bors the Elder, bapa Elyan the White
Brunor Breunor le Noir, La Cote Male Taile ("The Badly-shaped Coat") Knight who wears his murdered father's coat, brother of Dinadan dan Daniel
Cador (b. Latin: Cadorius) Historia Regum Britanniae, The Dream of Rhonabwy Raised Guinevere as his ward, bapa Constantine, Described in some works as Arthur's cousin
Calogrenant Colgrevance, Cynan Yvain, the Knight of the Lion, tahun 1170-an Le Morte d'Arthur Sepupu Sir Yvain
Caradoc (b. Latin: Caractacus) (b. Wales: Caradog Freichfras, meaning Caradoc Strong Arm) (b. Perancis: Carados Briefbras) Perceval, the Story of the Grail, Mabinogion Rebelled against Arthur when he first became king, but later supported him. Sometimes two characters, Caradoc the Elder (a king) dan Caradoc the Younger (a knight)
Claudin Lancelot-Grail, Le Morte d'Arthur Virtuous son of the Frankish villain Claudas, eventually becomes one of 12 knights to achieve the Holy Grail
Constantine III of Britain Historia Regum Britanniae, sekitar tahun 1136 Le Morte d'Arthur Pupunda raja Arthur dan pewaris takhta baginda, anak Cador
Dagonet Arthur's court jester
Daniel von Blumenthal Daniel von Blumenthal, tahun 1220-an Knight found in an early German offshoot of Arthurian legend
Dinadan Prose Tristan, tahun 1230-an Le Morte d'Arthur Anak Sir Brunor the Senior
Ector Hector, Antor, Ectorius Lancelot-Grail, awal abad ke-13 Le Morte d'Arthur Penjaga Arthur atas arahan Merlin, ayah Sir Kay
Elyan the White (b. Perancis: Helyan le Blanc) Amak Sir Bors dan Claire, Raja Brandegoris' daughter, helps Lancelot rescue Guinevere dan goes into exile with him
Erec Unclear; first literary appearance as Erec in Erec dan Enide, sekitar tahun 1170 See Geraint dan Enid Anak Raja Lac
Esclabor Bapa Palamedes, Safir dan Segwarides
Feirefiz Wolfram von Eschenbach's Parzival, awal abad ke-13 Half-saudara Percival dan Raja Arthur's nephew
Gaheris Le Morte d'Arthur Anak Raja Lot dan Morgause, saudara Gawain, Agravaine dan Gareth dan half-saudara Mordred
Galahad Lancelot-Grail, awal abad ke-13 Post-Vulgate Cycle, Le Morte d'Arthur Bastard son of Sir Lancelot dan Elaine of Corbenic
Galehault Galehalt, Galehaut Lancelot-Grail, awal abad ke-13 Former enemy of Arthur who becomes close friends with Lancelot
Galeschin Galeshin Vulgate Cycle Anak Elaine of Garlot dan Raja Nentres, nephew of Arthur
Gareth Beaumains Le Morte d'Arthur, Idylls of the Raja Also a son of Raja Lot dan Morgause, in love with Lyonesse
Gawain (b. Latin: Walwanus, b. Wales: Gwalchmai, Irish: Balbhuaidh) Culhwch dan Olwen, sekitar abad ke-11 Conte du Graal, Lancelot-Grail cycle, Prose Tristan,Sir Gawain dan the Green Knight, Le Morte d'Arthur dan many short Middle English romances Another son of Raja Lot dan Morgause, bapa Gingalain
Geraint Geraint dan Enid Enid's lover
Gingalain Guinglain, Gingalin, Gliglois, Wigalois, etc., also Le Bel Inconnu, or The Fair Unknown Le Bel Inconnu Gawain's dan Blanchemal's son
Gornemant Gurnemanz Perceval, the Story of the Grail Parzival Mentor to Perceval
Green Knight Bercilak, Bertilak, Bernlak, Bredbeddle Sir Gawain dan the Green Knight, 1300s The Greene Knight, Raja Arthur dan Raja Cornwall A knight enchanted by Morgan le Fay in order to test Gawain
Griflet Girflet, Jaufre Jaufré The son of Do (or Don), cousin to Sir Lucan dan Sir Bedivere
Hector de Maris Ector de Maris Quest du Saint Graal (Vulgate Cycle) Half-brother of Lancelot, son of Raja Ban dan the Lady de Maris, Sir Bors dan Sir Lionel are his cousins
Hoel (b. Wales: Howel, Hywel) The Dream of Rhonabwy, Geraint dan Enid Anak Raja Budic of Brittany, bapa St. Tudwal
Kay (b. Wales: Cai, b. Latin: Caius) Pa Gur yv y porthaur? abad ke-10 Many Saudara angkat Arthur, Sir Ector's son
Lamorak Prose Tristan, sekitar tahun 1235 Lancelot-Grail Cycle Anak Raja Pellinore, saudara Tor, Aglovale, Percival dan Dindrane. Kekasih Morgause
Lancelot Lancelot du Lac, Lancelot of the Lake, Launcelot Erec dan Enide, sekitar tahun 1170 Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart, Lancelot-Grailantara lainnya Son to Raja Ban dan Elaine, most famous for his affair with Queen Guinevere, most prominent Knight of the Round Table
Lanval Landevale, Launfal, Lambewell Marie de France's Lanval, lewat abad ke-12 Sir Landevale, Sir Launfal, Sir Lambewell A knight of Raja Arthur's court who falls in love with a fairy
Leodegrance Leondegrance Bapa Guinevere, Pembesar Cameliard, barat daya England
Lionel Lancelot-Grail, awal abad ke-13 Anak Raja Bors of Gaunnes (or Gaul), brother of Bors the Younger
Lucan Sir Lucan the Butler Le Morte d'Arthur Servant to Raja Arthur, Bedivere's brother, Griflet's cousin
Maleagant Malagant, Meleagant, perhaps Melwas Unclear, a similar character named "Melwas" dalam karya Life of Gildas bertarikh abad ke-12 Lancelot-Grail, Post-Vulgate Cycle, Le Morte d'Arthur Abductor of Guinevere
Mordred Modred (b. Wales: Medrawd, b. Latin: Medraut) Annales Cambriae, sekitar tahun 970 Banyak karya Anak luar nikah Arthur hasil hubungan dengan Morgause menurut karya tertentu, tewas berbunuhan dengan Arthur
Morholt Marhalt, Morold, Marhaus puisi-puisi Tristan karya Béroul dan Thomas dari Britain, pada abad ke-12 puisi-puisi Tristan karya Eilhart von Oberge, Gottfried von Strassburg, Prose Tristan, Post-Vulgate Cycle, Le Morte d'Arthur Irish knight, rival of Tristan, bapa saudara Iseult
Morien Moriaen Morien, abad ke-13 Half-Moorish son of Aglovale
Pelleas Pellias Post-Vulgate Cycle, 1230-an Le Morte d'Arthur In love with Ettarre, later kekasih Nimue
Pellinore Lancelot-Grail, Post-Vulgate Cycle Raja Listenoise dan sahabat Arthur
Percival (b. Wales: Peredur) Perceval, Parzifal Erec dan Enide, sekitar 1170 Perceval, the Story of the Grail, Lancelot-Grail, many Achiever of the Holy Grail; Raja Pellinore's son in some tales
Safir Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur, Prose Tristan Son to Esclabor, brother of Segwarides dan Palamedes
Sagramore Sagramor Lancelot-Grail, Post-Vulgate Cycle, Prose Tristan, Le Morte d'Arthur Ubiquitous Knight of the Round Table; various stories dan origins are given for him
Segwarides Le Morte d'Arthur, Prose Tristan Anak Esclabor, brother of Safir dan Palamedes
Tor Le Morte d'Arthur Anak Raja Ars, adopted by Pellinore
Tristan (Latin/Brythonic: Drustanus; b. Wales: Drystan; Portuguese: Tristão; Spanish: Tristán) Tristran, Tristram, etc. Roman de Tristan karya Beroul The two Folies Tristans, Marie de France's Chevrefeuil, Eilhart von Oberge, Gottfried von Strassburg, Prose Tristan, Post-Vulgate Cycle, Le Morte d'Arthur Anak Blancheflor dan Rivalen (or Meliodas), Iseult's lover
Urien Uriens Historical figure Welsh Triads Bapa Yvain (Owain mab Urien), husband of Morgan le Fay
Yvain (b. Wales: Owain) Ywain, Ewain or Uwain Based on the historical figure Owain mab Urien Historia Brittonum, Yvain, the Knight of the Lion Putera Raja Urien
Yvain the Bastard Ywain the Adventurous, Uwain le Avoutres Anak luar nikah hubungan Urien bersama seorang seneschal, dibunuh Gawain dengan tidak sengajanya

There have been also many others, generally more or less obscure.