Menteri Pertahanan Persekutuan (Jerman)

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Untuk Menteri Perang Prusia pra tahun 1919, lihat Menteri Perang Prusia.


Menteri Persekutuan Pertahanan
Bundesminister der Verteidigung
Bundesadler Bundesorgane.svg
Flag of Germany (state).svg
AV0A3388 Dr. Frauke Gerlach, Armin Laschet Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer (Hintergrund retuschiert).jpg
Penyandang
Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer

sejak 17 Julai 2019
Kementerian Pertahanan Persekutuan
Lapor kepadaCanselor Persekutuan
PelantikPresiden, di atas nasihat Canselor Persekutuan
Pembentukan13 Februari 1919
Pemegang pertamaGustav Noske
Laman webbmvg.de

Menteri Pertahanan Persekutuan (Bahasa Jerman: Bundesminister der Verteidigung) adalah ketua Kementerian Pertahanan Persekutuan dan merupakan anggota Kabinet Persekutuan.

Mengikut Artikel 65a Perlembagaan Jerman (Bahasa Jerman: Grundgesetz), Menteri Pertahanan Persekutuan adalah Pemerintah Tertinggi (Bahasa Jerman: Inhaber der Befehls- und Kommandogewalt) Bundeswehr, iaitu angkatan tentera Jerman.[1] Artikel 115b mengeluarkan dekri bahawa dalam keadaan darurat, diisytiharkan oleh Bundestag dengan persetujuan Bundesrat, kuasa pemerintahan tertinggi diserahkan kepada Canselor Persekutuan.[2] Pegawai tentera tertinggi dalam Bundeswehr ialah Inspektor Jeneral Bundeswehr (Bahasa Jerman: Generalinspekteur der Bundeswehr).

Menteri Pertahanan Persekutuan terkini ialah Ursula von der Leyen.

Senarai penyandang jawatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Para Menteri Pertahanan, 1919–1935[sunting | sunting sumber]

No. Name Took office Left office Party
1 Gustav Noske (1868–1946) 13 February 1919 22 March 1920 SPD
2 Otto Gessler (1875–1955) 27 March 1920 19 January 1928 DDP
3 Wilhelm Groener (1867–1939) 19 January 1928 30 May 1932 none
4 Kurt von Schleicher (1882–1934) 1 June 1932 28 January 1933 none
5 Werner von Blomberg (1878–1946) 28 January 1933 21 May 1935 none

Menteri Perang, 1935–1938[sunting | sunting sumber]

No. Name Begin of office End of office Party
1 Werner von Blomberg (1878–1946) 21 May 1935 27 January 1938 none
In 1938 the Ministry of War was abolished and replaced by the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW).

Ketua OKW (Menteri Perang de facto, 1938–1945)[sunting | sunting sumber]

No. Name Begin of office End of office Party
1 Wilhelm Keitel (1882–1946) 4 February 1938 8 May 1945 none

Para Menteri Pertahanan Jerman Timur, 1956–1990[sunting | sunting sumber]

No. Name Begin of office End of office Party
1 Willi Stoph (1914–1999) 1 March 1956 14 July 1960 SED
2 Heinz Hoffmann (1910–1985) 14 July 1960 2 December 1985 SED
3 Heinz Kessler (*1920) 3 December 1985 18 November 1989 SED
4 Theodor Hoffmann (*1935) 18 November 1989 18 March 1990 SED
5 Rainer Eppelmann (*1943) 12 April 1990 2 October 1990 DA

Para Menteri Pertahanan (Bundesminister der Verteidigung), sejak 1955[sunting | sunting sumber]

No. Name Begin of office End of office Party
1 Theodor Blank (1905–1972) 7 June 1955 16 October 1956 CDU
2 Franz Josef Strauss (1915–1988) 16 October 1956 9 January 1963 CSU
3 Kai-Uwe von Hassel (1913–1997) 9 January 1963 1 December 1966 CDU
4 Gerhard Schröder (1910–1989) 1 December 1966 21 October 1969 CDU
5 Helmut Schmidt (1918–2015) 22 October 1969 7 July 1972 SPD
6 Georg Leber (1920–2012) 7 July 1972 16 February 1978 SPD
7 Hans Apel (1932–2011) 17 February 1978 1 October 1982 SPD
8 Manfred Wörner (1934–1994) 1 October 1982 18 May 1988 CDU
9 Rupert Scholz (*1937) 18 May 1988 21 April 1989 CDU
10 Gerhard Stoltenberg (1928–2001) 21 April 1989 31 March 1992 CDU
11 Volker Rühe (*1942) 1 April 1992 26 October 1998 CDU
12 Rudolf Scharping (*1947) 27 October 1998 19 July 2002 SPD
13 Peter Struck (1943–2012) 19 July 2002 22 November 2005 SPD
14 Franz Josef Jung (*1949) 22 November 2005 28 October 2009 CDU
15 Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg (*1971) 28 October 2009 3 March 2011 CSU
16 Thomas de Maizière (*1954) 3 March 2011 17 December 2013 CDU
17 Ursula von der Leyen (*1958) 17 December 2013 17 Julai 2019 CDU
18 Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer (*1962) 17 Julai 2019 Incumbent CDU

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Art 65a Basic Law". Gesetze-im-internet.de. Dicapai 2013-06-09. 
  2. ^ "Art 115b Basic Law". Gesetze-im-internet.de. Dicapai 2013-06-09. 

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]