Penyeksaan dan penderaan banduan di Abu Ghraib

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Semasa Perang Iraq yang bermula pada bulan Mac 2003, kakitangan Tentera Amerika Syarikat dan Badan agensi perisikan pusat melakukan serangkaian pelanggaran hak asasi manusia terhadap tahanan di penjara Abu Ghraib di Iraq.[1] Pelanggaran ini termasuk penderaan fizikal dan seksual, penyeksaan, rogol, sodomi, dan pembunuhan.[2][3][4][5] Pelanggaran itu menjadi tumpuan publik dengan penerbitan gambar penyalahgunaan oleh CBS News pada bulan April 2004. Insiden ini menerima kutukan yang meluas baik di dalam Amerika Syarikat dan di luar negeri, walaupun tentara mendapat dukungan dari beberapa media konservatif dalam Amerika Syarikat.[6][7]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Greenwald, Glenn. "Other government agencies". Salon.com. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada February 12, 2008. Dicapai April 3, 2012. 
  2. ^ Hersh, Seymour M. (May 17, 2004). "Chain of Command". The New Yorker. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada January 1, 2012. Dicapai September 13, 2011. NBC News later quoted U.S. military officials as saying that the unreleased photographs showed American soldiers "severely beating an Iraqi prisoner nearly to death, having sex with a female Iraqi prisoner, and 'acting inappropriately with a dead body.' The officials said there also was a videotape, apparently shot by U.S. personnel, showing Iraqi guards raping young boys." 
  3. ^ Benjamin, Mark (May 30, 2008). "Taguba denies he's seen abuse photos suppressed by Obama: The general told a U.K. paper about images he saw investigating Abu Ghraib – not photos Obama wants kept secret." Salon.com. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada June 11, 2009. Dicapai June 6, 2009. The paper quoted Taguba as saying, "These pictures show torture, abuse, rape and every indecency." [...] The actual quote in the Telegraph was accurate, Taguba said – but he was referring to the hundreds of images he reviewed as an investigator of the abuse at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq 
  4. ^ Hersh, Seymour Myron (June 25, 2007). "The general's report: how Antonio Taguba, who investigated the Abu Ghraib scandal, became one of its casualties". The New Yorker. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada September 12, 2007. Dicapai June 17, 2007. Taguba said that he saw "a video of a male American soldier in uniform sodomizing a female detainee" 
  5. ^ Walsh, Joan; Michael Scherer; Mark Benjamin; Page Rockwell; Jeanne Carstensen; Mark Follman; Page Rockwell; Tracy Clark-Flory (March 14, 2006). "Other government agencies". The Abu Ghraib files. salon.com. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada February 12, 2008. Dicapai February 24, 2008. The Armed Forces Institute of Pathology later ruled al-Jamadi's death a homicide, caused by "blunt force injuries to the torso complicated by compromised respiration." 
  6. ^ "Rush: MPs Just 'Blowing Off Steam'". CBS News. May 6, 2004. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada September 27, 2008. 
  7. ^ Sontag, Susan (May 23, 2004). "Regarding The Torture Of Others". The New York Times. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada September 2, 2017.