Perpustakaan Negara China

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Bangunan asal PNC, sekarang (sejak 1987) Perpustakaan Buku Purba PNC yang mengumpulkan buku-buku, dokumen dan manuskrip lama dan sejarah.
Pemandangan malam Area Selatan PNC
NLC North Area
Pemandangan dalam Area Utara PNC

Perpustakaan Negara China (Cina ringkas: 中国国家图书馆Cina tradisional: 中國國家圖書館pinyin: Zhōngguó Guójiā Túshūguǎn) atau PNC di Beijing merupakan perpustakaan negara untuk Republik Rakyat China. Dengan koleksi melebihi 35 juta,[1] PNC merupakan perpustakaan terbesar di Asia dan antara yang terbesar di dunia. Ia menyimpan koleksi terbesar di dunia untuk kesusasteraan dan dokumen sejarah China. [2]

Pada asalnya, perpustakaan ini merupakan Perpustakaan Imperial Peking (京师图书馆; Jīngshī Túshūguǎn), yang ditubuhkan pada 9 September 1909 oleh kerajaan dinasti Qing. Ia dibuka secara rasminya selepas Revolusi Xinhai, pada tahun 1912. Pada tahun 1916, ia menerima status perpustakaan pendepositan.[2] Pada Julai 1928, ia menukar namanya kepada Perpustakaan Negara Peiping sebelum menjadi Perpustakaan Negara.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Overview of Library Collections". National Library of China. Dicapai 2 March 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "The National Library of China (NLC) Advancing Towards the Twenty-first Century". National Library of Australia. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 5 June 2011. 

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

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  • Lee, Hwa-Wei (30 June 1996). "American Contributions to Modern Library Development in China: A Historic Review". Paper presented at the 1st China–United States Library Conference. 
  • Li, Guoqing [李国庆] (2001), "History of the National Library of China", dalam Stam, David H. (ed.), International Dictionary of Library Histories, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, m/s. 499–502, ISBN 1579582443. 
  • Lin, Sharon Chien (1983), (subscription required), "Education for Librarianship in China after the Cultural Revolution", Journal of Education for Librarianship, 24 (1): 17–29, JSTOR 40322775. 
  • Lin, Sharon Chien (1985), (subscription required), "Historical Development of Library Education in China", The Journal of Library History (1974–1987), 20 (4): 368–86, JSTOR 25541653. 
  • Prentice, Susan (1986), (subscription required), "The National Library of China – The View from Within", The Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs, 15: 103–12, JSTOR 2158874. 
  • Yu, Priscilla C. (2001), (subscription required), "Leaning to One Side: The Impact of the Cold War on Chinese Library Collections", Libraries & Culture, 36 (1): 253–66, JSTOR 25548906. 
  • Yu, Priscilla C.; Davis, Donald G., Jr. (1998), (subscription required), "Arthur E. Bostwick and Chinese Library Development: A Chapter in International Cooperation", Libraries & Culture, 33 (4): 389–406, JSTOR 25548664. 
  • Zhu, Peter F. (13 October 2009). "Harvard College Library, China Form Pact - Harvard-Yenching Library collection to be digitized". Harvard Crimson. 

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]