Pertempuran Marawi

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Pertempuran Marawi
Sebahagian daripada the Konflik Moro dan
campurtangan tentera terhadap ISIL
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Sebuah bangunan di Marawi dibakar oleh serangan udara oleh Tentera Udara Filipina dan Angkatan Laut Filipina
Tarikh 23 Mei – 23 Oktober 2017
(5 bulan, )
Lokasi Marawi, Lanao del Sur, Philippines
8°00′38″N 124°17′52″E / 8.0106°N 124.2977°E / 8.0106; 124.2977
Hasil Decisive Philippine government victory[1]
Perubahan
wilayah
Marawi recaptured by the Armed Forces of the Philippines on 23 October 2017
Pihak yang terlibat
 Filipina

Supported by:
Non-state supporters

Foreign supporters

 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Komandan
Filipina Rodrigo Duterte
(President of the Philippines)
Filipina Delfin Lorenzana
(Defense Secretary)
Filipina Gen. Eduardo Año
(AFP Chief of Staff)
Filipina Lt Gen. Carlito Galvez Jr.
(AFP Western Mindanao Command Chief)
Filipina Lt Gen. Rolando Bautista
(Commanding General of the Philippine Army, 1st Overall Ground Commander, Joint Task Force Marawi, and The 1st Infantry Division)
Filipina Lt. Gen. Danilo G Pamonag (2nd Overall Ground Commander, Joint Task Force Marawi)
Filipina V.Adm. Ronald Joseph Mercado (Flag Officer-in-Command of the Philippine Navy)
Filipina Lt Gen. Galileo Gerard Kintanar Jr. (Commanding General of the Philippine Air Force)
Filipina Dir. Gen.Ronald dela Rosa
(PNP Chief)
Filipina Adm. Elson Hermogino (Philippine Coast Guard Commandant)
Isnilon Hapilon 
(Abu Sayyaf commander and regional Emir)
Abdullah Maute  [6]
Omar Maute 
Negara Islam di Iraq dan Levant Mahmud Ahmad (Deputy commander, presumed dead)[18][19]
Negara Islam di Iraq dan Levant Amin Bacu (senior commander, presumed dead)[20][21]
Satuan terlibat
Armed Forces of the Philippines

Philippine Army

Philippine Navy

Philippine Marine Corps

Philippine Air Force

Philippine National Police seal.svg Philippine National Police

Philippine Coast Guard

  • Coast Guard Special Operations Group

Amerika Syarikat U.S. Navy SEALs and U.S. Navy SWCC (technical assistance)[22]

Maute group
Abu Sayyaf
Ansar Khalifa Philippines[23]
Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters
Kekuatan
3,000+ soldiers (in June)[24]
6,500 soldiers (by September)[25]
1,000 militants[26][27]
Korban
168 terkorban,[28]
1,400+ cedera[29]
978 terbunuh,[30]
12 ditahan[31][32][33]
87 orang awam terkorban (40 akibat penyakit),[34][35]
Hampir 1.1 juta orang awam tidak ditempatkan[36]
Ralat Lua pada baris 502 di Modul:Location_map: Tidak dapat mencari takrif peta lokasi yang diperincikan: "Modul:Peta lokasi/data/Mindanao" tidak wujud.

Pertempuran Marawi (Bahasa Filipino: Labanan sa Marawi), juga dikenali sebagai pengepungan Marawi (Bahasa Filipino: Pagkubkob sa Marawi)[37] dan krisis Marawi (Bahasa Filipino: Krisis sa Marawi)[38] ialah konflik bersenjata yang berterusan selama lima bulan di Marawi, Lanao del Sur, yang bermula pada 23 Mei 2017, antara pasukan keselamatan kerajaan Filipina dan militan yang bersekutu dengan Negara Islam Iraq dan Syam (ISIL), termasuk kumpulan jihad Maute dan Abu Sayyaf Salafi. [39] Pertempuran itu juga menjadi pertempuran luar bandar terpanjang dalam sejarah moden Filipina. [27]

Menurut kerajaan Filipina, pemberontakan itu bermula ketika serangan di Marawi untuk menangkap Isnilon Hapilon, pemimpin kumpulan Abu Sayyaf yang bergabung dengan ISIL, setelah menerima laporan bahawa Hapilon berada di kota, mungkin bertemu dengan militan dari kumpulan Maute.[40][41] Satu pertempuran maut ketika pasukan Hapilon melepaskan tembakan ke atas tentera gabungan dan pasukan polis dan meminta bantuan daripada kumpulan Maute, sebuah kumpulan bersenjata yang membuat kesetiaan kepada Negara Islam dan dipercayai bertanggungjawab untuk pengeboman bandar Davao 2016, menurut kepada jurucakap tentera.[42]

Kumpulan militan Maute menyerang Kem Ranao dan menduduki beberapa bangunan di bandar, termasuk Dewan Bandaraya Marawi, Universiti Negeri Mindanao, sebuah hospital dan penjara bandar.[42] Mereka juga menduduki jalan utama dan membakar Katedral Saint Mary, Sekolah Ninoy Aquino dan Kolej Dansalan, yang dikendalikan oleh Gereja Kristian Bersatu di Filipina (UCCP).[40][43] Para militan juga membawa seorang pendeta dan beberapa tebusan gereja.[44]

Angkatan Tentera Filipina menyatakan bahawa beberapa pengganas ialah orang asing yang telah lama berada di negara ini, yang menawarkan sokongan kepada kumpulan Maute di Marawi. Objektif utama mereka ialah untuk menaikkan bendera ISIL di Kapitol Wilayah Lanao del Sur dan mengisytiharkan wilayah ISIL wilayat atau wilayah di Lanao del Sur.[45][46]

Pada 17 Oktober 2017, pada hari selepas kematian pemimpin militan Omar Maute dan Isnilon Hapilon, Presiden Duterte mengisytiharkan Marawi "dibebaskan daripada pengaruh pengganas".[47] Kemudian pada 23 Oktober 2017, Setiausaha Pertahanan Delfin Lorenzana mengumumkan bahawa pertempuran lima bulan terhadap pengganas di Marawi akhirnya berakhir.[48]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Mangosing, Divina Suson and Allan Nawal, Frances G. "BREAKING: Lorenzana says Marawi City siege is over". Newsinfo.inquirer.net. Dicapai 25 October 2017. 
  2. ^ News, ABS-CBN. "READ: Proclamation of martial law in Mindanao". ABS-CBN News (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Dicapai 15 July 2017. 
  3. ^ "Congress extends martial law to December 31". Rappler.com. Dicapai 2017-07-22. 
  4. ^ "Martial Law extended until December 31, 2018". GMA News. 13 December 2017. Dicapai 13 December 2017. 
  5. ^ Cepeda, Mara. "Congress extends martial law in Mindanao to end of 2019". Rappler (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Dicapai 2019-01-27. 
  6. ^ a b "7 Maute brothers confirmed dead". The Manila Times. 
  7. ^ "MNLF in Marawi on standby to fight against Maute". 3 May 2017. Dicapai 27 May 2017. 
  8. ^ Pia Gutierrez (31 May 2017). "Duterte, MILF create 'peace corridor' in Marawi". ABS-CBN News. Dicapai 1 June 2017. 
  9. ^ "Philippine army and armed groups join forces in Marawi". www.aljazeera.com. Dicapai 16 October 2017. 
  10. ^ Viray, Patricia Lourdes (24 October 2017). "Fact check: Duterte's claims on US aid to military". The Philippine Star. Dicapai 24 October 2017. 
  11. ^ "U.S. provides 'technical assistance' to troops in Marawi - AFP". Rappler. 6 June 2017. Dicapai 7 June 2017. 
  12. ^ "US Special Forces Helping Philippines Fight Militants in Marawi". Reuters.com. Dicapai 10 June 2017. 
  13. ^ "Australia to send spy planes to help Philippines fight militants". Reuters. 23 June 2017. Dicapai 25 June 2017. 
  14. ^ a b c d e Mangosing, Frances. "Lorenzana thanks partner countries for help in Marawi siege". Globalnation.inquirer.net. Dicapai 25 October 2017. 
  15. ^ "Duterte thanks China for firearms, ammo vs Mautes". Cnnphilippines.ocm. Dicapai 16 October 2017. 
  16. ^ "Duterte thanks Netanyahu for help in ending Marawi siege". Aljazeera English. Dicapai 7 September 2018. 
  17. ^ Banaloi, Rommel C. (15 June 2017). "The Maute Group and rise of family terrorism". Rappler. 
  18. ^ hermesauto (19 October 2017). "Philippine military says 'big possibility' top Malaysian militant Mahmud Ahmad killed in Marawi". Straitstimes.com. Dicapai 25 October 2017. 
  19. ^ Amy Chew (17 October 2017). "Dead or alive? Hunt is on in Marawi for Malaysia's most wanted terrorist". Channel NewsAsia. Dicapai 17 October 2017. 
  20. ^ Amita Legaspi (23 October 2017). "Malaysian bandit leader Amin Bacu believed killed in final clashes in Marawi". GMA News Online. Dicapai 23 October 2017. 
  21. ^ "Malaysian now leading Maute-ISIS bandits still in Marawi, source says". GMA News. 21 October 2017. Dicapai 21 October 2017. 
  22. ^ "Philippine military confirms US forces providing support against militants allied to Islamic State". CNBC. Reuters. 10 June 2017. Dicapai 10 June 2017. 
  23. ^ Caleb Weiss (5 June 2017). "Islamic State video shows destruction of church in Marawi". Long War Journal. Dicapai 7 June 2017. 
  24. ^ Jim Gomez (1 June 2017). "Philippine airstrike accidentally kills 11 soldiers in besieged city Marawi". Associated Press. Dicapai 2 June 2017 – melalui Toronto Star. 
  25. ^ Cayabyab, Marc Jayson. "Marawi siege will be over in 3 days, Lorenzana tells House panel". Newsinfo.inquirer.net. Dicapai 16 October 2017. 
  26. ^ "IN PHOTOS: Marawi's Liberation". ABS-CBN News. 18 October 2017. Dicapai 18 October 2017. 
  27. ^ a b "Marawi: City destroyed in Philippines' longest urban war". Inquirer News. 19 October 2017. Dicapai 19 October 2017. 
  28. ^ "Gov't death toll in Marawi siege rises to 168". Rappler. 10 January 2018. Dicapai 10 January 2018. 
  29. ^ "Government throws out last-minute negotiations with Maute". Rappler.com. Dicapai 16 October 2017. 
  30. ^ "12 Maute stragglers killed". Malaya Business Insight. 7 November 2017. Dicapai 7 November 2017. 
  31. ^ "Philippines says Islamist fighters on back foot in besieged city". Reuters.com. 8 June 2017. Dicapai 10 June 2017. 
  32. ^ Unson, John (1 August 2017). "2 Maute terrorists arrested after fleeing Marawi". Philstar.com. Dicapai 16 October 2017. 
  33. ^ "Indonesian terror fighter loyal to ISIS arrested in Marawi". straitstimes.com. 1 November 2017. Dicapai 1 November 2017. 
  34. ^ "Islamic freedom fighters, Abu Sayyaf next after Maute 'wipeout' — defense chief". The Manila Times. 24 October 2017. Dicapai 22 October 2017. 
  35. ^ "Troops kill five militants in besieged Marawi city". Gulf-times.com. 13 September 2017. Dicapai 16 October 2017. 
  36. ^ "The Philippine army recaptures a city seized by Muslim insurgents". The Economist. 21 October 2017. 
  37. ^ Placido, Dharel (2 June 2017). "Marawi City siege death toll reaches 175". ABS-CBN News. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 7 June 2017. Dicapai 7 June 2017. 
  38. ^ "Marawi crisis | The latest from Inquirer News". newsinfo.inquirer.net (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Dicapai 15 July 2017. 
  39. ^ "Marawi crisis: What we know so far". The Philippine Star. 25 May 2017. Dicapai 25 May 2017. 
  40. ^ a b "TIMELINE: Maute attack in Marawi City". ABS-CBN News. 23 May 2017. Dicapai 24 May 2017. 
  41. ^ Morallo, Audrey (23 May 2017). "AFP: Marawi clashes part of security operation, not terrorist attack". The Philippine Star. Dicapai 23 May 2017. 
  42. ^ a b Nery, J. (24 May 2017). "Key facts about a tumultuous Tuesday in Marawi City". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Dicapai 24 May 2017. 
  43. ^ "UCCP Statement on the Burning of Dansalan College". Dicapai 25 May 2017. 
  44. ^ "Mindanao: Churchgoers 'taken hostage' amid Marawi siege". Al Jazeera. 24 May 2017. Dicapai 28 May 2017. 
  45. ^ Lim, A. (26 May 2017). "AFP: Foreign terrorists are fighting alongside Maute group in Marawi". The Standard. Dicapai 26 May 2017. 
  46. ^ "Maute plans to raise ISIS flags at Lanao capitol, Marawi city hall to declare 'wilayat'". GMA Network. 27 May 2017. Dicapai 28 May 2017. 
  47. ^ "Duterte: Marawi 'liberated' from ISIL-linked fighters". www.aljazeera.com. Dicapai 25 October 2017. 
  48. ^ "Marawi: Philippines declares end of siege as troops find 40 suspected gunmen dead". ABC. 23 October 2017. Dicapai 23 October 2017. 

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