Senarai Swadesh

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Senarai Swadesh (Sebutan bahasa Melayu: [swɔdɛʃ]) ialah suatu kompilasi klasik bagi konsep-konsep asasi untuk tujuan linguistik sejarawi-perbandingan. Terjemahan senarai Swadesh ke dalam satu set bahasa membolehkan penyelidik untuk mengkuantitikan kesalingkaitan bahasa-bahasa tersebut. Senarai Swadesh dinamai sempena ahli linguistik Amerika Syarikat, Morris Swadesh. Senarai ini digunakan dalam leksikostatistik (pentaksiran kuantitatif bagi keberkaitan genealogi bagi bahasa) dan glotokronologi (penarikhan pencapahan bahasa). Oleh sebab terdapat banyak senarai berlainan, sesetengah pengarang juga merujuk "senarai Swadesh".

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  • Swadesh, Morris. (1950). "Salish Internal Relationships." International Journal of American Linguistics, Jil. 16, 157–167.
  • Swadesh, Morris. (1952). "Lexicostatistic Dating of Prehistoric Ethnic Contacts." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Jil. 96, 452–463.
  • Swadesh, Morris. (1955). "Towards Greater Accuracy in Lexicostatistic Dating." International Journal of American Linguistics, Jil. 21, 121–137.
  • Swadesh, Morris. (1971). The Origin and Diversification of Language. Ed. post mortem oleh Joel Sherzer. Chicago: Aldine. ISBN 0-202-01001-5. Mengandungi senarai 100 patah kata terakhir di hlm. 283.
  • Swadesh, Morris, et al. (1972). "What is Glottochronology?" in Morris Swadesh dan Joel Sherzer, ed., The Origin and Diversification of Language, hlm. 271–284. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. ISBN 0-202-30841-3.
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