Tarim Basin

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Tarim Basin

Xinjiang regions simplified.png

  Tarim Basin
Nama Cina
Bahasa Cina: 塔里木盆地
Nanjiang
Bahasa Cina: 南疆
Maksud harfiah: Xinjiang Selatan
Nama Uyghur
Bahasa Uyghur: تارىم ئويمانلىقى

Tarim Basin ialah cekungan endoreik besar di Barat Laut China yang merangkumi kawasan seluas 906,500 km2 (350,000 bt2).[1] Terletak di kawasan Xinjiang China, kadang kala secara metonimi disebut sebagai separuh wilayah selatan, atau Nanjiang (Bahasa Turki: tarım havzası, Bahasa Cina: 南疆pinyin: Nánjiāng; secara harfiahnya "Xinjiang Selatan"). Di utaranya kawasan ini bersempadan dengan Pegunungan Tian Shan dan bahagian selatannya bersempadan dengan Pergunungan Kunlun di pinggir Dataran tinggi Qinghai-Tibet. Gurun Taklamakan mendominasi sebahagian besar cekungan ini. Nama Uyghur bersejarah untuk Tarim Basin ini ialah Altishahr (六域), yang bermaksud "enam bandar" dalam bahasa Uyghur.

Nota kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Baumer, Christoph. 2000. Southern Silk Road: In the Footsteps of Sir Aurel Stein and Sven Hedin. White Orchid Books. Bangkok.
  • Hill, John E. 2004. The Peoples of the West from the Weilue 魏略 by Yu Huan 魚豢: A Third Century Chinese Account Composed between 239 and 265 CE. Draft annotated English translation. [1]
  • Hill, John E. (2009) Through the Jade Gate to Rome: A Study of the Silk Routes during the Later Han Dynasty, 1st to 2nd Centuries CE. BookSurge, Charleston, South Carolina. ISBN 978-1-4392-2134-1.
  • Mallory, J.P. and Mair, Victor H. 2000. The Tarim Mummies: Ancient China and the Mystery of the Earliest Peoples from the West. Thames & Hudson. London. ISBN 0-500-05101-1
  • Stein, Aurel M. 1907. Ancient Khotan: Detailed report of archaeological explorations in Chinese Turkestan, 2 vols. Clarendon Press. Oxford. [2]
  • Stein, Aurel M. 1921. Serindia: Detailed report of explorations in Central Asia and westernmost China, 5 vols. London & Oxford. Clarendon Press. Reprint: Delhi. Motilal Banarsidass. 1980. [3]
  • Stein Aurel M. 1928. Innermost Asia: Detailed report of explorations in Central Asia, Kan-su and Eastern Iran, 5 vols. Clarendon Press. Reprint: New Delhi. Cosmo Publications. 1981.

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Rencana yang dapat diunduh: "Bukti bahawa populasi campuran Barat-Timur tinggal di Cekungan Tarim sedini awal Zaman Gangsa" Li et al. BMC Biology 2010, 8:15. [4]
  • Silk Road Seattle - University of Washington (Tapak web Silk Road Seattle berisi banyak sumber daya yang berguna termasuk sejumlah teks lengkap karya-karya sejarah)
  • The International Dunhuang Project
  • Along the ancient silk routes: Central Asian art from the West Berlin State Museums, katalog pameran dari The Metropolitan Muzium of Art (tersedia dalam format PDF), yang mengandung jirim dari Cekungan Tarim