Walter Scott

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Sir Walter Scott, Bart.
Potret lukisan Henry Raeburn pada tahun 1822
Info kelahiran15 Ogos 1771
College Wynd, Edinburgh
Scotland
Kematian21 September 1832(1832-09-21) (umur 61)
Abbotsford, Roxburghshire
Scotland
Pekerjaan
  • Penulis novel
  • Penyajak
  • Peguam
  • Kerani mahkamah
WarganegaraScotland
Pusat pendidikanUniversiti Edinburgh
Tempohabad ke-19
Pergerakan sasteraRomantisisme
PasanganCharlotte Carpenter (Charpentier)

Tandatangan

Sir Walter Scott, Baronet Pertama (15 Ogos 1771 - 21 September 1832) adalah seorang novelis, penyair, penulis drama dan ahli sejarah dari Scotland.

Kebanyakan karyanya diagungkan sebagai sastera klasik bahasa Inggeris. Beliau turut melopori genre cereka sejarah - cereka yang berlatarbekangkan peristiwa penting dalam sejarah - yang menjadi ikutan penulis-penulis di Britain dan di serata benua Eropah.

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Novel[sunting | sunting sumber]

Hampir semua novel karya beliau ditampilkan dalam suatu siri novel panjang diberi julukan Waverley Novels ("Novel-Novel Waverley") dari novel pertama iaitu Waverley pada tahun 1814 sehingga tahun 1832:

  • 1814: Waverley
  • 1815: Guy Mannering
  • 1816: The Antiquary
  • 1816: The Black Dwarf dan The Tale of Old Mortality
  • 1817: Rob Roy
  • 1818: The Heart of Midlothian
  • 1819: The Bride of Lammermoor dan A Legend of Montrose
  • 1820: Ivanhoe
  • 1820: The Monastery dan The Abbot
  • 1821: Kenilworth
  • 1822: The Pirate
  • 1822: The Fortunes of Nigel
  • 1822: Peveril of the Peak
  • 1823: Quentin Durward
  • 1824: St. Ronan's Well
  • 1824: Redgauntlet
  • 1825: The Betrothed dan The Talisman
  • 1826: Woodstock
  • 1828: The Fair Maid of Perth
  • 1829: Anne of Geierstein
  • 1832: Count Robert of Paris dan Castle Dangerous

Tajuk lain:

  • 1831–1832: The Siege of Malta – diterbitkan secara anumerta pada tahun 2008
  • 1832: Bizarro – novel tidak lengkap diterbitkan secara anumerta pada tahun 2008

Sajak[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kebanyakan puisi dan sajak nukilan Scott berasal daripada potongan puisi yang lebih panjang yang terkandung dalam novel dan drama beliau.

  • 1796: "The Chase" – terjemahan bahasa Inggeris sajak "Der Wilde Jäger" oleh Gottfried August Bürger
  • 1802–1803: Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border
  • 1805: The Lay of the Last Minstrel
  • 1806: Ballads and Lyrical Pieces
  • 1808: Marmion
  • 1810: The Lady of the Lake
  • 1811: The Vision of Don Roderick
  • 1813: The Bridal of Triermain
  • 1813: Rokeby]]
  • 1815: The Field of Waterloo
  • 1815: The Lord of the Isles
  • 1817: Harold the Dauntless

Cerita pendek[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 1827: "The Highland Widow", "The Two Drovers", and "The Surgeon's Daughter"
  • 1828: "My Aunt Margaret's Mirror", "The Tapestried Chamber" dan "Death of the Laird's Jock"

Pementasan drama[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 1799: Goetz of Berlichingen, with the Iron Hand: A Tragedy – terjemahan bahasa Inggeris drama bahasa Jerman Götz von Berlichingen (1773) karya Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • 1822: Halidon Hill
  • 1823: MacDuff's Cross
  • 1830: The Doom of Devorgoil
  • 1830: Auchindrane

Bukan cereka[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 1796 Translations & imitations of German Ballads Librivox audio
  • 1814–1817: The Border Antiquities of England and Scotland – a work co-authored by Luke Clennell and John Greig with Scott's contribution consisting of the substantial introductory essay, originally published in 2 volumes from 1814 to 1817
  • 1815–1824: Essays on Chivalry, Romance, and Drama – a supplement to the 1815–1824 editions of the Encyclopædia Britannica
  • 1816: Paul's Letters to his Kinsfolk
  • 1819–1826: Provincial Antiquities of Scotland
  • 1821–1824: Lives of the Novelists
  • 1825–1832: The Journal of Sir Walter Scott
  • 1826: The Letters of Malachi Malagrowther
  • 1827: The Life of Napoleon Buonaparte
  • 1828: Religious Discourses
  • The History of Scotland:
  • Volume I (1829)
  • Volume II (1830)
  • Tales of a Grandfather:
  • Being Stories Taken from Scottish History I (1828)
  • Being Stories Taken from Scottish History II (1829)
  • Being Stories Taken from Scottish History III (1830)
  • Being Stories Taken from the History of France (1831)
  • 1830: Letters on Demonology and Witchcraft
  • 1830: Essays on Ballad Poetry
  • 1893: Manners, customs and history of the Highlanders of Scotland ; Historical account of the clan MacGregor, Glasgow.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bautz, Annika. Reception of Jane Austen and Walter Scott: A Comparative Longitudinal Study. Continuum, 2007. ISBN 0-8264-9546-X, ISBN 978-0-8264-9546-4.
  • Brown, David. Walter Scott and the Historical Imagination. Routledge, 1979, ISBN 0-7100-0301-3; Kindle ed. 2013.
  • Buchan, John. Sir Walter Scott, Coward-McCann Inc., New York, 1932.
  • Cornish, Sidney W. The "Waverley" Manual; or, Handbook of the Chief Characters, Incidents, and Descriptions in the "Waverley" Novels, with Critical Breviates from Various Sources. Edinburgh: A. and C. Black, 1871.
  • Duncan, Ian. Scott's Shadow: The Novel in Romantic Edinburgh. Princeton UP, 2007. ISBN 978-0-691-04383-8.
  • Kelly, Stuart. Scott-Land: The Man Who Invented a Nation. Polygon, 2010. ISBN 978-1-84697-107-5.
  • Lincoln, Andrew. Walter Scott And Modernity. Edinburgh UP, 2007.
  • Stephen, Leslie (1898). "The Story of Scott's Ruin". Studies of a Biographer. 2. London: Duckworth & Co. Unknown parameter |chapterurl= ignored (bantuan)

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]