Nynorsk

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Bahasa Norway
norsk
asli ke Norway (termasuk Svalbard dan Jan Mayen) dan kemungkinan oleh orang yang lebih tua di penempatan Scandinavia di Amerika Syarikat.[1]
asli penutur 4.7 juta[2]  (tiada tarikh)
keluarga bahasa
status rasmi
Bahasa rasmi di 800px-Flag of Norway.svg.png Norway
Majlis Nordik
Dikawal oleh Majlis Bahasa Norway
kod bahasa
ISO 639-1 no — Bahasa Norway
nbBokmål
nnNynorsk
ISO 639-2 [[ISO639-3:nor — Bahasa Norway
nobBokmål
nnoNynorsk|nor — Bahasa Norway
nobBokmål
nnoNynorsk]]
ISO 639-3 Variously:
nor — Bahasa Norway
nob — Bokmål
nno — Nynorsk

Nynorsk (harfiah "Bahasa Norway Baru") merupakan salah satu daripada kedua-dua tulisan piawai rasmi Bahasa Norway, yang lain ialah Bokmål. Hanya kira-kira 10% daripada penduduk Norway menggunakan Nynorsk sebagai bahasa tulisan utama mereka.[4]

Nynorsk berdasarkan pada loghat-loghat Bahasa Norway dan dicipta oleh Ivar Aasen pada abad ke-19 sebagai alternatif Norway kepada Bahasa Denmark (yang Bokmål berasaskan) yang ditulis secara umum di Norway semasa itu.

Dalam tulisan dan lisan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan: Penggunaan templat ini adalah tidak digalakkan.

Spoken Norwegian, Swedish and Danish form a continuum of mutually intelligible dialects and sociolects, linguistically speaking forming a common continental Scandinavian language. Nynorsk is the smallest of the four major written standards within this broad speech community alongside Norwegian Bokmål, Swedish and Danish.

There is no codified standard for spoken Nynorsk, but it is used in broadcasting, on stage, and by a few individuals. This in contrast to Bokmål, which has a larger spoken basis in Standard Østnorsk. However, most Norwegians do not speak Standard Østnorsk, but other Norwegian dialects. Nynorsk supporters widely regard these dialects as the spoken basis for Nynorsk, even if the majority of dialect speakers use Bokmål in writing. As such, Nynorsk is not a minority language, though it shares many of the problems that minority languages face.

Each municipality can declare one of the two languages as its official language, or it can remain "language neutral". 27% of the municipalities making up 12% of the population have declared Nynorsk as their official language. The main language used in primary schools normally follows the official language of its municipality, and is decided by referendum within the local school district. There is a general trend over the years that the number of schools and pupils selecting Nynorsk decreases, even in Nynorsk municipalities. At present (2006), fewer than 14% of pupils in primary school are taught in Nynorsk.[4]

The prevailing regions for Nynorsk are the western counties of Rogaland, Hordaland, Sogn og Fjordane and Møre og Romsdal, in addition to the western/northern parts of Oppland, Buskerud, Telemark, Aust- and Vest-Agder, where an estimated 50% of the population writes Nynorsk. The usage in the rest of Norway is scarce (< 1%), which also includes the major cities and urban areas - even in the above stated areas.

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Kristoffersen, Gjert (2000). The Phonology of Norwegian. Oxford University Press. ms. 1. ISBN 9780198237655. 
  2. "Statistics Norway". Diperoleh pada 2007-09-17. 
  3. Henriksen, Petter (ed.); Aschehoug og Gyldendals Store norske leksikon, 11 Nar-Pd; Kunnskapsforlaget; Oslo; 1998; ISBN 82-573-0703-3
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Språkstatistikk – nokre nøkkeltal for norsk". Diperoleh pada 2007-09-12. 

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Ivar Aasen-tunet The Ivar Aasen Centre is a national centre for documenting and experiencing the Nynorsk written culture, and the only museum in the country devoted to Ivar Aasen's life and work.

Templat:Norwegian Language forms

Wikipedia
Wikipedia Nynorsk, ensiklopedia bebas