Pertempuran Tours

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Pertempuran Tours
Steuben - Bataille de Poitiers.png
Lukisan Charles de Steuben Bataille de Poitiers en Octobre 732 menggambarkan Charles Martel (berkuda) menghadapi Abdurrahman Al-Ghafiqi (kanan) dalam Pertempuran Tours.
Maklumat am
Tarikh 10 Oktober 732
Lokasi dekat Tours, Perancis
Hasil Kemenangan Frank
Pihak yang berperang
Orang Frank Karolingia Kekhalifahan Umayyah
Komander dan pemimpin
Charles Martel Abdurrahman Al-Ghafiqi
Kekuatan
mungkin 20.000-30.000 tidak diketahui, namun sumber awal menyebutkan 80,000[1]
Kerugian dan kehilangan
Tidak diketahui; 1,500 dilaporkan Mungkin 10,000, termasuk Abdurrahman Al-Ghafiqi[2]
sunting
Lihat pendokumenan templat ini

Pertempuran Tours (10 Oktober 732)[3] atau Pertempuran Poitiers atau معركة بلاط الشهداء (Ma‘arakat Balâṭ Ash-Shuhadâ’) Pertempuran Bangsal Syuhada[4] ialah pertempuran yang tercetus di Tours, kira-kira 20 kilometer (12 bt) di timur laut Poitiers, sekitar kawasan bersempadan antara wilayah kekuasaan Frank dan Aquitaine merdeka. Dalam pertempuran ini, orang Frank dan Burgundi[5][6] pimpinan Charles Martel, penguasa Austrasia melawan tentera Bani Umayyah pimpinan gabenor Al-Andalus Abdurrahman Al-Ghafiqi. Pertempuran ini berakhir dengan kemenangan bangsa Frank, terbunuhnya Al-Ghafiqi, serta perluasan kekuasaan Martel ke selatan. Perincian pertempuran ini, termasuk lokasi yang sama dan jumlah tentera yang bertarung dalam pertempuran ini tidak dapat diketahui, namun menurut legenda pasukan Frank bertempur tanpa menggunakan pasukan berkuda.

Kemenangan Frank dalam pertempuran ini merupakan awal berdirinya Kekaisaran Karolingia dan dominasi bangsa Frank ke atas Eropah, dan menurut sebahagian sejarawan, kemenangan ini telah menyelamatkan Agama Kristian dan menahan penaklukan umat Islam di Eropah. "Pendirian kekuasaan Frank di Eropah barat menentukan takdir benua tersebut, dan Pertempuran Tours memastikan kekuasaan tersebut."[7]

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. The earliest Muslim source for this campaign is the Futūh Miṣr of Ibn ʻAbd al-Ḥakam (c. 803-71) — see Watson, 1993 and Torrey, 1922.
  2. Hanson, 2001, p. 141.
  3. Oman, 1960, m/s. 167.
  4. Henry Coppée writes, "The same name (see ante) was given to the battle of Toulouse and is applied to many other fields on which the Moslemah were defeated: they were always martyrs for the faith" (Coppée, 1881/2002, m/s. 13.)
  5. Bachrach, 2001, m/s. 276.
  6. Fouracre, 2002, m/s. 87 citing the Vita Eucherii, ed. W. Levison, Monumenta Germaniæ Historica, Scriptores Rerum Merovingicarum VII, m/s. 46–53, b. 8, m/s. 49–50; Gesta Episcoporum Autissiodorensium, extracts ed. G. Waitz, Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores XIII, m/s. 394–400, b. 27, m/s. 394.
  7. Davis, 1999, p. 106.

Rujukan dan bahan bacaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

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