Anna Karenina

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Anna Karenina
AnnaKareninaTitle.jpg
Kulit depan jilid pertama Anna Karenina, Moscow, 1878
PengarangLeo Tolstoy
Tajuk asalАнна Каренина
PenterjemahConstance Garnett (awal)
NegaraRusia
BahasaRusia
GenreNovel realis
PenerbitThe Russian Messenger
Tarikh penerbitan
1877
Jenis mediaCetakan (siri)
Halaman864
ISBNISBN 978-1-84749-059-9
OCLC220005468

Anna Karenina (Bahasa Rusia: «Анна Каренина»,IPA: [ˈanːə kɐˈrʲenʲɪnə])[1] ialah novel oleh pengarang Rusia, Leo Tolstoy, mula diterbitkan dalam bentuk buku pada 1878. Kebanyakan penulis menyifatkan Anna Karenina sebagai karya sastera terbaik.[2] dan Tolstoy sendiri menyifatkannya sebagai novel pertamanya. Ia pada mulanya dikeluarkan dalam siri ansuran dari 1873 hingga 1877 dalam The Russian Messenger.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Nabokov, Vladimir (1980). Lectures on Russian Literature. New York: Harvest. m/s. 137 (note). ISBN 0-15-649591-0.
  2. ^ McCrum, Robert (4 March 2007). "Can I make up my own mind?". TheGuardian.com. Dicapai pada 14 October 2018. The answers to this survey, [What are the 10 Greatest Works of Literature of All Time?], supply the meat of [The Top Ten: Writers Pick Their Favourite Books], in which Anna Karenina emerges as the All Time Number One Work of Literature.

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

Biografi dan kritikan sastera[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bakhtin, Mikhail, The Dialogic Imagination, ed. Michael Holquist, trans. Caryl Emerson and Michael Holquist (University of Texas Press, Austin, 1981)
  • Bayley, John, Tolstoy and the Novel (Chatto and Windus, London, 1966)
  • Berlin, Isaiah, The Hedgehog and the Fox: An Essay on Tolstoy's View of History (Simon & Schuster, New York, 1966; Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 1967)
  • Carner, Grant Calvin Sr (1995) "Confluence, Bakhtin, and Alejo Carpentier's Contextos in Selena and Anna Karenina" Doctoral Dissertation (Comparative Literature) University of California at Riverside.
  • Eikhenbaum, Boris, Tolstoi in the Seventies, trans. Albert Kaspin (Ardis, Ann Arbor, 1982)
  • Evans, Mary, Anna Karenina (Routledge, London and New York, 1989)
  • Gifford, Henry, Tolstoy (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1982)
  • Gifford, Henry (ed) Leo Tolstoy (Penguin Critical Anthologies, Harmondsworth, 1971)
  • Leavis, F.R., Anna Karenina and Other Essays (Chatto and Windus, London, 1967)
  • Mandelker, Amy, Framing 'Anna Karenina': Tolstoy, the Woman Question, and the Victorian Novel (Ohio State University Press, Columbus, 1993)
  • Morson, Gary Saul, Anna Karenina in our time: seeing more wisely (Yale University Press 2007) read parts at Google Books
  • Nabokov, Vladimir, Lectures on Russian Literature (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London and Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, New York, 1981)
  • Orwin, Donna Tussing, Tolstoy's Art and Thought, 1847–1880 (Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1993)
  • Speirs, Logan, Tolstoy and Chekhov (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1971)
  • Strakhov, Nikolai, N., "Levin and Social Chaos", in Gibian, ed., (W.W. Norton & Company, New York, 2005).
  • Steiner, George, Tolstoy or Dostoevsky: An Essay in Contrast (Faber and Faber, London, 1959)
  • Tibbetts, John C., and James M. Welsh, eds. The Encyclopedia of Novels Into Film (2nd ed. 2005) pp 19–20.
  • Thorlby, Anthony, Anna Karenina (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, 1987)
  • Tolstoy, Leo, Correspondence, 2. vols., selected, ed. and trans. by R.F. Christian (Athlone Press, London and Scribner, New York, 1978)
  • Tolstoy, Leo, Diaries, ed. and trans. by R.F. Christian (Athlone Press, London and Scribner, New York, 1985)
  • Tolstoy, Sophia A., The Diaries of Sophia Tolstoy, ed. O.A. Golinenko, trans. Cathy Porter (Random House, New York, 1985)
  • Trainini, Marco, Vendetta, tienimi compagnia. Due vendicatori in «Middlemarch» di George Eliot e «Anna Karenina» di Lev Tolstoj, Milano, Arcipelago Edizioni, 2012, ISBN 88-7695-475-9.
  • Turner, C.J.G., A Karenina Companion (Wilfrid Laurier University Press, Waterloo, 1993)
  • Wasiolek, Edward, Critical Essays on Tolstoy (G.K. Hall, Boston, 1986)
  • Wasiolek, Edward, Tolstoy's Major Fiction (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1978)

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