Edith Wharton

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Edith Wharton
Wharton, sekitar 1895
Info kelahiranEdith Newbold Jones
(1862-01-24)24 Januari 1862
Bandar Raya New York, Amerika Syarikat
Kematian11 Ogos 1937(1937-08-11) (umur 75)
Saint-Brice-sous-Forêt, Perancis
KuburCimetière des Gonards
PekerjaanNovelis, penulis cerita pendek, pereka
AnugerahAnugerah Pulitzer untuk Kesusasteraan
1921 The Age of Innocence
PasanganEdward Robbins Wharton (1885–1913)

Tandatangan

Edith Wharton (lahir Edith Newbold Jones, 24 Januari 1862-11 Ogos 1937) ialah seorang novelis dan penulis cerita pendek Amerika. Tulisannya banyak membahas mengenai kehidupan masyarakat kelas atas di New York, Amerika Syarikat. Pada tahun 1921, salah satu karyanya yang berjudul The Age of Innocence dianugerahkan Anugerah Pulitzer dalam bidang Sastera.[1][2]

Kehidupan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Edith Wharton dilahirkan dengan nama Edith Newbold Jones di New York, Amerika Syarikat pada 4 Januari 1862. Keluarganya merupakan salah satu keluarga dari masyarakat kelas atas. Pada tahun 1885, beliau berkahwin dengan Edward Wharton, salah seorang pegawai bank terkaya dari New York. Namun mereka kemudian bercerai pada tahun 1913.[1]

Karya[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sumber:[3]

Novel[sunting | sunting sumber]

Novela dan novelet[sunting | sunting sumber]

Puisi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Verses, 1878
  • Artemis to Actaeon and Other Verse, 1909
  • Twelve Poems, 1926

Koleksi cerita pendek[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • The Greater Inclination, 1899, includes Souls Belated.
  • Crucial Instances, 1901
  • The Descent of Man and Other Stories, 1904
  • The Other Two, 1904
  • The Hermit and the Wild Woman and Other Stories, 1908
  • Tales of Men and Ghosts, 1910
  • Xingu and Other Stories, 1916
  • Here and Beyond, 1926
  • Certain People, 1930
  • Human Nature, 1933
  • The World Over, 1936
  • Ghosts, 1937
  • Roman Fever and Other Stories, 1964
  • Madame de Treymes and Others: Four Novelettes, 1970
  • The Ghost Stories of Edith Wharton, 1973
  • The Collected Stories of Edith Wharton, 1998 (Carroll & Graf Publishers; paperback, 640 pages)
  • The New York Stories of Edith Wharton, 2007

Bukan cereka[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • The Decoration of Houses, 1897
  • Italian Villas and Their Gardens, 1904
  • Italian Backgrounds, 1905
  • A Motor-Flight Through France, 1908 (travel)
  • Fighting France: From Dunkerque to Belfort, 1915 (war)
  • French Ways and Their Meaning, 1919
  • In Morocco, 1920 (travel)
  • The Writing of Fiction, 1925 (essays on writing)
  • A Backward Glance, 1934 (autobiography)
  • Edith Wharton: The Uncollected Critical Writings, Edited by Frederick Wegener, 1996
  • Edith Wharton Abroad: Selected Travel Writings, 1888–1920, 1995, Edited by Sarah Bird Wright

Sebagai penyunting[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Petikan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b "Edith Wharton | American writer". Encyclopedia Britannica (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Dicapai pada 2020-06-17.
  2. ^ "Wharton, Edith". National Women’s Hall of Fame (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Dicapai pada 2020-06-17.
  3. ^ Campbell, Donna M. "Works by Edith Wharton". Washington State University. Dicapai pada 22 January 2018.

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Armbruster, Elif S. (2011) "Domestic Biographies: Stowe, Howells, James, and Wharton at Home." New York: Peter Lang (ISBN 978-1433112492)
  • Benstock, Shari (1994) No Gifts From Chance: a biography of Edith Wharton. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.
  • Collas, Philippe and Eric Villedary, Edith Wharton's French Riviera (2002) Paris, New York : Flammarion/Rizzoli (ISBN 2-84110-161-4)
  • Drizou, Myrto, ed. Critical Insights: Edith Wharton (2018) Salem Press.
  • Dwight, Eleanor. (1994) Edith Wharton: An Extraordinary Life, An Illustrated Biography New York: Harry N. Abrams.
  • Franzen, Jonathan (February 13–20, 2012). "A Critic at Large: A Rooting Interest". The New Yorker. 88 (1): 60–65. Dicapai pada 2014-11-13.
  • Hutchinson, Hazel (2015). The War That Used Up Words: American Writers and the First World War. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Lee, Hermione (2007) Edith Wharton. London: Chatto & Windus; New York: Knopf.
  • Lewis, R. W. B. (1975) Edith Wharton: a biography New York: Harper & Row ISBN 0-06-012603-5
  • Lowry, Elizabeth (December 9, 2011). "What Edith Knew: Freeing Wharton from the Master's Shadow". Harper's Magazine. 317 (1903): 96–100, 102.
  • Montgomery, Maureen E. (1998) Displaying Women: Spectacles of Leisure in Edith Wharton's New York New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-90566-4
  • Novellas and Other Writings (Cynthia Griffin Wolff, ed.) (The Library of America, 1990) ISBN 978-0-940450-53-0, which contains her autobiography, A Backward Glance.
  • The Letters of Edith Wharton (R. W. B. Lewis and Nancy Lewis, eds.) ISBN 0-02-034400-7, particularly the editorial introductions to the chronological sections, especially for 1902–07, 1911–14, 1919–27, and 1928–37, and the editorial footnotes to the letter to F. Scott Fitzgerald (8 June 1925)
  • Twilight Sleep (R. F. Godfrey, ed.) ISBN 0-684-83964-4
  • Wolff, Cynthia Griffin (1977) A Feast of Words: The Triumph of Edith Wharton Oxford. ISBN 0-19-502117-7
  • Wolff, Cynthia Griffin (1995) A Feast of Words: The Triumph of Edith Wharton, Second Edition. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley. ISBN 0-201-40918-6

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Wikisource

Bahan arkib[sunting | sunting sumber]

Edisi dalam talian[sunting | sunting sumber]