Eksperimen Albert kecil

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Eksperimen Albert kecil ialah eksperimen terkawal yang menunjukkan bukti empirikal pelaziman klasik pada manusia. Kajian ini juga menyediakan contoh generalisasi rangsangan. Ia telah dijalankan oleh John B. Watson dan pelajar siswazahnya, Rosalie Rayner, di Universiti Johns Hopkins. Hasilnya pertama kali diterbitkan dalam edisi Februari 1920 Jurnal Psikologi Eksperimen.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • American Psychological Association (2010). Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct.
  • Bartlett, T. (2014, June 2). [1] The Search for Psychology's Lost Boy: In 2009 the decades-old mystery of 'Little Albert' was finally solved. Or was it? Chronicle of Higher Education.
  • Bartlett, T. (2012). A New Twist in the Sad Saga of Little Albert.
  • Cover Jones, M (1924). "A Laboratory Study of Fear: The Case of Peter". Pedagogical Seminary. 31 (4): 308–315. doi:10.1080/08856559.1924.9944851.
  • DeAngelis, T. (2010). 'Little Albert' regains his identity. Monitor on Psychology, 41, 1. pp. 10.
  • Digdon, Nancy; Powell, Russell A.; Harris, Ben (November 2014). "Little Albert's alleged neurological impairment: Watson, Rayner, and Historical Revision". History of Psychology. 17 (4): 312–324. doi:10.1037/a0037325. PMID 25068585.
  • Fridlund, A. J.; Beck, H. P.; Goldie, W. D.; Irons, G. (2012). "Little Albert: A neurologically impaired child". History of Psychology. 15 (4): 302–327. doi:10.1037/a0026720. PMID 23397921.
  • Harris, B. (2014). Rosalie Rayner, feminist? Revista de Historia de la Psicología, 35, 61-69.
  • Harris, B (2011). "Letting go of Little Albert: Disciplinary memory, history, and the uses of myth". Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences. 47 (1): 1–17. doi:10.1002/jhbs.20470. PMID 21207487.
  • Harris, B (1979). "Whatever Happened to Little Albert?" (PDF). American Psychologist. 34 (2): 151–160. doi:10.1037/0003-066x.34.2.151. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal (PDF) pada 2009-02-05.
  • Hill, G. (2009). AS & A Level Psychology Through Diagrams, Oxford University Press.
  • Hock, R. (2005). Forty Studies That Changed Psychology: Explorations into the History of Psychological Research. 5th ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
  • Kasschau, R. (2001). Understanding psychology. Columbus, OH: Glenco/McGraw-Hill.
  • National Institute of Health (2000). Required Education in the Protection of Human Research Participants.
  • Powell. R. A., Digdon, N., Harris, B. & Smithson, C. Correcting the record on Watson, Rayner and Little Albert: Albert Barger as ‘Psychology’s lost boy.’ American Psychologist.
  • Reiss, B. K. (1990). A biography of Mary Cover Jones. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. The Wright Institute, Los Angeles, CA.
  • Watson, J.B.; Rayner, R. (1920). "Conditioned emotional reactions". Journal of Experimental Psychology. 3 (1): 1–14. doi:10.1037/h0069608. hdl:21.11116/0000-0001-9171-B.

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Weiten, Wayne (2001). Psychology: Themes & Variations. Belmont: Wadsworth Thomson Learning. m/s. 230. ISBN 978-0-534-36714-5.
  • Little Albert died at the age of six, 1925, due to complications of encephalitis.