Jack Lang (ahli politik Australia)

Daripada Wikipedia, ensiklopedia bebas.
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The Honourable
(Yang Berhormat)

Jack Lang
Premier New South Wales ke-23
Pilihan Raya: 1925, 1927, 1930, 1932
Dalam jawatan
17 Jun 1925 – 18 Oktober 1927
Didahului olehGeorge Fuller
Digantikan olehThomas Bavin
Kawasan pilihan rayaParramatta
Dalam jawatan
4 November 1930 – 13 Mei 1932
Didahului olehThomas Bavin
Digantikan olehBertram Stevens
Kawasan pilihan rayaAuburn
Butiran peribadi
Lahir(1876-12-21)21 Disember 1876
Sydney, New South Wales
Meninggal dunia27 September 1975(1975-09-27) (umur 98)
Auburn, New South Wales, Australia
Parti politikParti Buruh Australia
Lang Labor
Buruh Bukan Komunis
ProfesionAhli politik

John Thomas Lang (21 Disember 1876 - 27 September 1975), biasanya dirujuk sebagai J.T. Lang semasa kerjayanya, dan akrab dikenali sebagai "Jack" dan digelar "The Big Fella", ialah seorang ahli politik Australia yang merupakan Premier New South Wales selama dua penggal (1925-27, 1930-32). Beliau adalah satu-satunya Premier negeri Australia yang telah dibuang oleh Gabenor negeri.

Nota kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Buku[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Amos, Keith (1976). The New Guard movement 1931-1935. Melbourne: University of Melbourne Press. m/s. 142. ISBN 0-522-84092-2.
  • Brett, Judith (2003). Australian Liberals and the moral middle class: from Alfred Deakin to John Howard (paperback). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. m/s. 260. ISBN 0-521-53634-0.
  • Cain, Frank (2005). Jack Lang and the Great Depression (paperback). Melbourne: Australian Scholarly Press. m/s. 393. ISBN 1-74097-074-8.
  • Calwell, Arthur A; Australian Labor Party (1949). Lang never was right. Melbourne: Australian Labor Party. m/s. 23.
  • Campbell, Eric (1965). The rallying point: my story of the New Guard. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. m/s. 184.
  • Carew, Edna (1988). Keating: a biography. Sydney: Allen and Unwin. m/s. 237. ISBN 0-04-335059-3.
  • Cathcart, Michael (1988). Defending the national tuckshop: Australia's secret army intrigue of 1931 (hardback). Fitzroy, Victoria: McPhee Gribble/Penguin. m/s. 222. ISBN 0-14-011629-X.
  • Cathcart, Michael; Darien-Smith, Kate, para penyunting (2004). Stirring Australian speeches: the definitive collection from Botany to Bali. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. m/s. 366. ISBN 0-522-84681-5.
  • Cavalier, Rodney (2010). Power crisis: the self-destruction of a state Labor Party (paperback). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. m/s. 202. ISBN 978-0-521-13832-1.
  • Childe, V. Gordon (1923). How Labour Governs: a study of workers' representation in Australia (ed. first). London: Labour Publishing Co. m/s. 216.
  • Cooksey, Robert J. (1970). Lang and socialism: a study in the great depression. Canberra: Australian National University Press. m/s. 96. ISBN 0-7081-0124-0.
  • Cooksey, Robert J., penyunting (1970). The Great Depression in Australia. Labour history, no. 17. Canberra: Australian Society for the Study of Labour History. m/s. 186. ISBN 0-909944-00-8.
  • Crisp, Leslie Finlay (1961). Ben Chifley: a biography. London: Longmans. m/s. 428. ISBN 0-207-13453-7.
  • Day, David (2001). Chifley (hardback). Pymble, NSW: HarperCollins. m/s. 562. ISBN 978-0-7322-6702-5.
  • Denning, Warren (1937). Caucus Crisis: The Rise and Fall of the Scullin Government. Parramatta: NSW: Cumberland Argus. m/s. 116.
  • Dixon, Reginald (1935). The Story of J.T. Lang. Sydney: Mastercraft Printing & Publishing Co. m/s. 24.
  • Dixson, Miriam (1971). Greater Than Lenin? : Lang and Labor, 1916-1932. Melbourne: Melbourne University, Political Science Department. m/s. 258.
  • Donald, Will; Australian Labor Party, New South Wales Branch (1938). The A.B.C. of Jack Lang. Sydney: Australian Labor Party, New South Wales Branch. m/s. 30.
  • Dyrenfurth, Nick; Bongiorno, Frank (2011). A little history of the Australian Labor Party (paperback). Kensington, NSW: University of New South Wales Press. m/s. 217. ISBN 978-1-74223-284-3.
  • Edwards, Cecil (1965). Bruce of Melbourne: Man of Two Worlds. London: Heinemann. m/s. 475.
  • Ellis, M. H. (1931). The red road: the story of the capture of the Lang Party by Communists instructed from Moscow. Sydney: The Sydney and Melbourne Publishing Company. m/s. 268.
  • Evatt, Justice H.V. (1936). The King and His Dominion Governors: a study of the reserve powers of the crown in Great Britain and the dominions. London: Oxford University Press. m/s. 324.
  • Foott, Bethia (1968). Dismissal of a Premier: the Philip Game Papers. Sydney: Morgan Publications. m/s. 223.
  • Freudenberg, Graham (1991). Cause for power: the official history of the New South Wales Branch of the Australian Labor Party (paperback). Sydney: Pluto Press in association with the Australian Labor Party. New South Wales Branch. m/s. 297. ISBN 0-949138-60-6.
  • Anne Henderson, Enid Lyons: Leading Lady to a Nation, Pluto Press, 2008.
  • Anne Henderson, Joseph Lyons, The Peoples' Premier, University of New South Wales Press, 2011.
  • Irving, Terry; Cahill, Rowan (2010). Radical Sydney: places, portraits and unruly episodes (paperback). Sydney: University of New South Wales Press. m/s. 368. ISBN 978-1-74223-093-1.
  • Lalor, Peter (2006). The Bridge: the epic story of an Australian icon - the Sydney Harbour Bridge (hardback). Crows Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin. m/s. 381. ISBN 1-74114-228-8.
  • Lang, Jack (1934). Why I Fight!. Sydney: Labor Daily, Labor Publications Dept. m/s. 351. Tanda italik atau tebal tidak dibenarkan dalam: |publisher= (bantuan)
  • Lang, Jack (1956). I remember: autobiography. Sydney: Invincible Press. m/s. 416.
  • Lang, Jack (1962). The great bust: the depression of the thirties. Sydney: Angus and Robertson. m/s. 418.
  • Lang, Jack (1970). The Turbulent Years. Sydney: Alpha Books. m/s. 323. ISBN 978-0-85553-000-6.
  • Latham, Mark (1988). Forgotten Lang.
  • Lefurgy, G.E. (11 May 2011). New South Wales Premier, Australian Statesman: The Legacy of John T. Lang. Sydney: Granville Historical Society.
  • Lowenstein, Wendy (1978). Weevils in the flour: an oral record of the 1930s depression in Australia. South Yarra, Vic: Scribe Publications. m/s. 464. ISBN 0-908090-08-0.
  • Lunn, Sir Henry Simpson (1927). Round the World with a Dictaphone: a record of men and movement in 1926. London: Benn. m/s. 301.
  • Macintyre, Stuart (1986). "1901-42: The Succeeding Age". Dalam Bolton, Geoffrey (penyunting). The Oxford History of Australia. 4. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. m/s. 399. ISBN 0-19-554612-1.
  • Macintyre, Stuart; Faulkner, John, para penyunting (2001). True believers: the story of the Federal Parliamentary Labor Party (hardback). Crows Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin. m/s. 328. ISBN 1-86508-609-6.
  • McMullin, Ross (1992). The light on the hill: the Australian Labor Party, 1891-1991. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. m/s. 502. ISBN 0-19-554966-X.
  • McWhinney, Edward (2005). The governor general and the prime ministers: the making and unmaking of governments. Vancouver, BC: Ronsdale Press. m/s. 193. ISBN 1-55380-031-1.
  • Mayfield, Harry (1984). Jack Lang: the Big Fella!. Kenthurst, NSW: Kangaroo Press. m/s. 48. ISBN 0-949924-41-5.
  • Meredith, John; Sprod, George (1984). Learn to talk old Jack Lang: a handbook of Australian rhyming slang (ed. 2nd). Kenthurst, NSW: Kangaroo Press. m/s. 63. ISBN 0-86417-003-3.
  • Moore, Andrew (1989). The secret army and the Premier: conservative paramilitary organisations in New South Wales 1930-32 (paperback). Kensington, NSW: New South Wales University Press. m/s. 312. ISBN 0-86840-283-4.
  • Moore, Andrew (2005). De Groot: Irish fascist, Australian legend. Annandale, NSW: Federation Press. m/s. 222. ISBN 1-86287-573-1.
  • Nairn, Bede (1986). The 'Big Fella': Jack Lang and the Australian Labor Party 1891-1949 (paperbook)|format= memerlukan |url= (bantuan). Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. m/s. 369. ISBN 0-522-84406-5.
  • Page, Sir Earle (1963). Mozley, Ann (penyunting). Truant surgeon: the inside story of forty years of Australian political life. Sydney: Angus and Robertson. m/s. 421.
  • Paddison, Alfred Cornwallis (1931). The Lang Plan: The Case for Australia. Sydney: Labor Daily Printers. m/s. 39. Tanda italik atau tebal tidak dibenarkan dalam: |publisher= (bantuan)
  • Radi, Heather; Spearritt, Peter, para penyunting (1977). Jack Lang. Sydney: Hale & Iremonger. m/s. 309. ISBN 0-908094-09-4.
  • Robertson, John (1974). J.H. Scullin: A Political Biography. Nedlands, W.A.: University of Western Australia Press. m/s. 495. ISBN 0-85564-074-X.
  • Robinson, Geoffrey (1992). How Labor governed: social structures and the formation of public policy during the New South Wales Lang government of November 1930 to May 1932 (Tesis). Melbourne: Monash University, Dept. of History.
  • Saidy, Fred (1943). Labor and Justice. Sydney: Australian Labor Party. m/s. 31.
  • Sleeman, John H. C. (1933). The Life of J.T. Lang. Ultimo, NSW: Sleeman. m/s. 490.
  • Spearritt, Peter (1978). Sydney Since The Twenties. Sydney: Hale & Iremonger. m/s. 294. ISBN 0-908094-12-4.
  • Spearritt, Peter; Walker, David, para penyunting (1979). Australian Popular Culture. Sydney: Allen & Unwin. m/s. 255. ISBN 0-86861-145-X.
  • Stone, Gerald (2005). 1932: A Hell of a Year. Sydney: Pan Macmillan Australia. m/s. 429. ISBN 1-4050-3677-X.
  • White, Kate (1987). A political love story: Joe and Enid Lyons. Ringwood, Victoria: Penguin. m/s. 230. ISBN 0-14-009789-9.
  • Wright, Brian (2006). In the name of decent citizens: the trials of Frank de Groot (hardback). Sydney: ABC Books. m/s. 189. ISBN 978-0-7333-1903-7.

Jurnal[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Henderson, Anne (September 2007). "All quiet on the civil war front: it was the civil war that never happened. Or was it? [Where is the evidence to support the theory that Australia was in a pre-civil war condition in 1931 and 1932?]". The Sydney Institute Quarterly. The Sydney Institute (31): 6–12. ISSN 1441-4074.
  • Lefurgy, G.E., 'Things Australians Strive For: Jack Lang's Landmark Speech at The Sydney Harbour Bridge', Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society, 101, June 2015, 61-78
  • Walker, Robin (November 1986). "Mr. Lang's dole: the administration of food relief in New South Wales, 1930-32". Labour History. Australian Society for the Study of Labour History (51): 70–82. ISSN 0023-6942.

Ucapan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Jack Lang (1 July 1969) 'Why I Was Right'. Lang giving lecture at Sefton High School, Sydney. Mitchell Library, Sydney, ML CYMOH 418/1 No. 1

Temu bual[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Adams, Philip (17 November 2005). "Former PM Paul Keating and historian Frank Cain discuss Jack Lang's life". Late Night Live (Interview: audio). Australia: ABC Radio National. Dicapai pada 4 September 2010.
  • De Berg, Helen (7 August 1967). "Conversation with Jack Lang" (Interview: audio/transcript). National Library of Australia.
  • Moore, Andrew (2008). "Dismissal of a Premier". NSW Constitution (Interview: video). Department of Education and Communities (New South Wales). Dicapai pada 6 September 2010.
  • Bullivant, Barry and Lefurgy, G.E., (24 May 2014), 'The Peoples' Champion, The Battler's Friend: John T. Lang of Granville', Granville Historical Society, Sydney, New South Wales.

Sumber lain[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Cannon, Mary (compiler) (1992). The Dismissal of J.T. Lang, May 1932 (Research package of primary source materials for VCE Australian History)|format= memerlukan |url= (bantuan). Melbourne: State Library of Victoria. ISBN 0-7306-3102-8.
  • Australians Beware! Scullin - The Scapegoat, Lyons - the Jesuits' new hope, Lang - The 'General' of the Unemployed Army (pamphlet)|format= memerlukan |url= (bantuan). Melbourne: Australian Protestant Truth Centre. 1931.
  • Revised 1986 Guide to the papers of Sir Philip Game and the Game Family in the Mitchell Library (pamphlet)|format= memerlukan |url= (bantuan). State Library of New South Wales. 1996.

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kerusi dewan
Didahului oleh
John Nobbs
Ahli Granville
Daerah dihapuskan
Didahului oleh
Albert Bruntnell
Ahli Parramatta
Berkhidmat bersama: Bruntnell, Ely/Morrow/Ely
Diikuti oleh:
Albert Bruntnell
Gelaran Baru Ahli Auburn
Diikuti oleh:
James Lang
Jawatan politik
Didahului oleh
John Fitzpatrick
Bendahari Kolonial New South Wales
Diikuti oleh:
Sir Arthur Cocks
Didahului oleh
Sir Arthur Cocks
Bendahari Kolonial New South Wales
Didahului oleh
George Fuller
Premier New South Wales
Diikuti oleh:
Thomas Bavin
Bendahari Kolonial New South Wales
Didahului oleh
Thomas Bavin
Premier New South Wales
Diikuti oleh:
Bertram Stevens
Didahului oleh
Bertram Stevens
Bendahari Kolonial New South Wales
Jawatan parti politik
Didahului oleh
Bill Dunn
Pemimpin Parti Buruh Australia di New South Wales
Diikuti oleh:
William McKell
Kerusi dewan
Didahului oleh
Charles Morgan
Ahli Reid
Diikuti oleh:
Charles Morgan