Lawan penggelapan

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Fotograf kajian lawan penggelapan yang dijalankan oleh artis Abbott Handerson Thayer, yang menjadi obses kerana idea salah bahawa semua haiwan berlawan penggelapan.[1] Model di kiri biasanya berpenyamaran dan terlihat, sementara satu lagi di kanan berlawan penggelapan dan tidak terlihat.[2]

Templat:Penyamaran

Kambing gurun dengan berkesan dileperkan oleh lawan penggelapan, menjadikannya hampir halimunan dengan latar belakang gurun. Ada tiga ekor dalam imej ini.

Lawan penggelapan, atau Peraturan Thayer, ialah satu bentuk penyamaran.

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Forbes, 2009. pp. 76-79.
  2. ^ Behrens, 2009.

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bacaan perintis[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Beddard, F. E. (1892). Animal coloration; an account of the principal facts and theories relating to the colours and markings of animals. Swan Sonnenschein.
  • Cott, Hugh B. (1940). Adaptive Coloration in Animals. Oxford University Press.
  • Thayer, Gerald H. (1909). Concealing-Coloration in the Animal Kingdom. An Exposition of the Laws of Disguise Through Color and Pattern: Being a Summary of Abbott H. Thayer's Discoveries. Macmillan.
  • Wallace, A.R. (1889). Darwinism. An exposition of the theory of natural selection with some of its applications. Macmillan.

Bacaan umum[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Behrens, Roy R (2009). Goldstein, E Bruce (penyunting). Encyclopedia of Perception, Volume 1. Sage. m/s. 233–235.
  • Edmunds, Malcolm (2008). "Deimatic Behavior". Dalam Capinera, John L (penyunting). Encyclopedia of Entomology. Springer.
  • Forbes, Peter (2009). Dazzled and Deceived: Mimicry and Camouflage. Yale.
  • Rowland, Hannah M (2011). "The history, theory and evidence for a cryptic function of countershading". Dalam Stevens, Martin; Merilaita, Sami (penyunting). Animal Camouflage: Mechanisms and Function. Cambridge University Press.CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (link)
  • Ruxton, Graeme D; Sherratt, Tom N; Speed, Michael P (2004). "3. Countershading and counterillumination". Avoiding Attack: The Evolutionary Ecology of Crypsis, Warning Signals and Mimicry. Oxford University Press.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)

Jurnal[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Evo ecol Templat:Penglihatan dalam haiwan