Masjid Wazir Khan

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Wazir Khan Mosque
مسجد وزیر خان
Wazir khan mosque entry.jpg
Masjid Wazir Khan Mosque dianggap sebagai masjid era Mughal yang dihias dengan penuh hiasan[1]
Info asas
AgamaIslam
DaerahLahore
WilayahPunjab
NegaraPakistanPakistan
Status kegerejaan atau organisasiMasjid
Penerangan seni bina
Jenis seni binaMasjid and makam Sufi
Gaya seni binaSeni bina Indo-Islam/Mughal
Disiapkan pada3 Disember 1641
Spesifikasi
Bil. kubah5
Tinggi kubah (luaran)21 kaki (6.4 m)
Tinggi kubah (dalaman)32 kaki (9.8 m)
Lebar kubah (luaran)19 kaki (5.8 m)
Lebar kubah (dalaman)23 kaki (7.0 m)
Bil. menara masjid4
Tinggi menara masjid107 kaki (33 m)

Masjid Wazir Khan (Punjabi dan Urdu: مسجد وزیر خان ‎; Masjid Wazīr Khān) merupakan masjid abad ke-17 yang terletak di bandar Lahore, ibu negara Pakistan. Masjid tersebut telah dibina semasa era pemerintahan Maharaja Shah Jahan dari Mughal sebagai sebahagian daripada struktur bangunan yang termasuk berdekatan tempat permandiaan Shahi Hammam. Pembinaan Masjid Wazir Khan bermula pada tahun 1634 dan siap pada tahun 1641.[2]

Dianggap sebagai masjid era Mughal yang dihias paling indah,[1] Masjid Wazir Khan terkenal dengan kerja-kerja jubin filik yang rumit yang dikenali sebagai kashi-kari, serta permukaan interior yang hampir keseluruhannya dihiasi dengan lukisan dinding rumit zaman Mughal. Masjid ini telah dibaikpulih secara besar-besaran sejak tahun 2009 di bawah Aga Khan Trust for Culture dan Kerajaan Punjab, Pakistan,[3] dengan sumbangan dari kerajaan Jerman, Norway dan Amerika Syarikat.[4]

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b Masson, Vadim Mikhaĭlovich (2003). History of Civilizations of Central Asia: Development in contrast : from the sixteenth to the mid-nineteenth century. UNESCO. ISBN 9789231038761. 
  2. ^ "Conservation of the Wazir Khan Mosque Lahore: Preliminary Report on Condition and Risk Assessment" (PDF). Aga Khan Development Network. 2012. Dicapai 25 August 2016. The Wazir Khan Mosque was built in 1634-35 AD (1044-45 AH), by Hakim ’Ali ud din* a governor of the Punjab in the early part of the reign of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. 
  3. ^ "Walled city of Lahore conservation". Dicapai 25 August 2016. The Walled city of Lahore is famous for several historic monuments including the Lahore Fort – a World Heritage site, the Badshahi and Wazir Khan mosques. Close to 2,000 buildings within the Walled city display a range of architectural features that mark Lahore’s centuries old cultural landscape. A majority of these buildings and the mohallas (local neighbourhoods) in which they are situated form a unique heritage footprint. The work consequently carried out by the Aga Khan Trust for Culture (AKTC) and the Aga Khan Historic Cities Programme (AKHCP) was initiated under a 2007 public-private partnership framework agreement with the Government of Punjab. 
  4. ^ Muzaffar, Zareen (8 February 2016). "The Walled City of Lahore: Protecting Heritage and History". The Diplomat. Dicapai 25 August 2016. The Walled City of Lahore program was put into effect in partnership with the Aga Khan Trust for Culture. AKTC supports the Walled City Authority in all technical matters in terms of restoration and conservation work being carried out. Other donors include the World Bank, Royal Norwegian Government, USAID, and the German Embassy. 

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kategori berkenaan Masjid Wazir Khan di Wikimedia Commons

Koordinat: 31°34′59″N 74°19′24″E / 31.58306°N 74.32333°E / 31.58306; 74.32333