Perang Bulgaria-Serbia

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Perang Bulgaria-Serbia
S-b war painting by Antoni Piotrowski.jpg
Lukisan pasukan Bulgaria menyeberangi sempadan oleh Antoni Piotrowski
Tarikh 14–28 November 1885 (N. S.)
Lokasi Serbia Timur dan Bulgaria Barat
Hasil Kemenangan Bulgaria
Pihak yang terlibat
 Kerajaan Serbia Bulgaria
Komandan
Milan I
Petar Topalović
Milojko Lešjanin
Alexander I
Atanas Uzunov
Danail Nikolaev
Kekuatan
60,000 askar 50,000 askar
Korban
770 mati
4,570 cedera
550 mati
4,232 cedera
Manifesto Knyaz Alexander dari Bulgaria mengistiharkan Perang Bulgaria-Serbia pada 2 November 1885 (O. S.)

Perang Bulgaria-Serbia (Bahasa Bulgaria: Сръбско-българска война, Bahasa Serbia: Српско-бугарски рат, Srpsko-bugarski rat) merujuk pada peperangan yang terjadi antara kerajaan beraja Serbia dan Prinsipaliti Bulgaria yang berlaku pada 14 November [G.L.: 2 November] 1885 dan berlangsung sehingga 28 November [G.L.: 16 November] 1885. Serbia memulakan perang tetapi akhirnya dikalahkan. Austria menuntut agar Bulgaria menghentikan serangannya, dan satu gencatan senjata dihasilkan. Perjanjian damai akhirnya ditandatangani pada 3 March [G.L.: 19 February] 1886 di Bucharest. Sempadan lama tidak berubah. Ekoran perang ini, kuasa-kuasa Eropah mengakui tindakan penyatuan Bulgaria yang berlaku pada 18 September [G.L.: 6 September] 1885.[1][2][3]

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Perang Bulgaria-Greece


Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Perang Bulgaria-Serbia. Encyclopædia Britannica (edisi ke-11). 1911. 
  2. ^ Anderson, Frank Maloy; Hershey, Amos Shartle (1918). "The Serbo-Bulgarian War of 1885-86". Handbook for the Diplomatic History of Europe, Asia, and Africa 1870-1914. Washington, DC: National Board for Historical Service, Government Printing Office. m/s. 124–126. Dicapai 2 February 2013. 
  3. ^ George Frost Kennan, The Decline of Bismarck's European Order: Franco-Russian Relations, 1875-1890 (1979) pp 103-222

Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Ćirković, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing. 
  • Crampton, Richard. Bulgaria 1878–1918 (1983).
  • Grogan, Ellinor F. B. "Bulgaria under Prince Alexander" The Slavonic Review 1#3 (1923) pp. 561-571 online
  • Hertslet, Edward (1891). The Map of Europe by Treaty. IV (1875-1891) (edisi First). London: Harrison and Sons.  Templat:PD-icon
  • Jelavich, Charles. Tsarist Russia and Balkan nationalism: Russian influence in the internal affairs of Bulgaria and Serbia, 1879-1886 (U of California Press, 1958).
  • Kennan, George Frost. The Decline of Bismarck's European Order: Franco-Russian Relations, 1875-1890 (1979) pp 103-222
  • Khristov, Khristo Angelov. The unification of Northern and Southern Bulgaria in 1885 (Sofia Press, 1985).
  • MacDermott, Marcia. A History of Bulgaria, 1393-1885 (1962).
  • Taylor, A. J. P. The Struggle for Mastery in Europe: 1848–1918 (1954) pp 304–24.
  • von Huhn, Arthur Ernst. The Struggle of the Bulgarians for National Independence Under Prince Alexander: A Military and Political History of the War Between Bulgaria and Servia in 1885 (John Murray, 1886). online

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