Perlembagaan Korea Utara

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Templat:Infobox constitution

Perlembagaan Sosialis Rupublik Rakyat Demokratik Korea
Chosŏn'gŭl조선민주주의인민공화국사회주의헌법
Hancha朝鮮民主主義人民共和國社會主義憲法
McCune–ReischauerChosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwagung Sahoejuŭi Hŏnbŏp
Perumian SemakanJoseon Minjujuui Inmin Gonghwagug Sahoejuui Heonbeob

Templat:Politics of North Korea Perlembagaan Sosialis Republik Rakyat Demokratik Korea (Chosongul: 조선민주주의인민공화국 사회주의헌법) ialah perlembagaan Korea Utara. Perlembagaan ini telah dipersetujui oleh Dewan Rakyat Agung ke-6 pada sesi pertamanya pada 27 Disember 1972, dan telah dipinda dan ditambah pada 1998, 2009, 2012, 2013, 2016 dan 2019. Ia diganti dengan perlembagaan pertama negara yang diluluskan pada tahun 1948.

Perlembagaan ini mengandungi tujuh bab dengan 171 perkara dan mengkanunkan prinsip asas Korea Utara terhadap politik, ekonomi, budaya dan pertahanan negara, hak asasi dan kewajipan warganegara, pertubuhan kerajaan Korea Utara dan simbol kebangsaan negara.

Korea Utara juga ditadbir oleh Sepuluh Prinsip Penubuhan Sistem Ideologi Teguh, yang beberapa mendakwa telah datang menggantikan perlembagaan dan pada praktiknya digunakan sebagai undang-undang agung negara.[1][2][3]

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Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "N. Korea revises leadership ideology to legitimize rule of Kim Jong-un". Yonhap News Agency. August 12, 2013. Dicapai January 20, 2014. 
  2. ^ Lim, Jae-Cheon (2008). Kim Jong-il's Leadership of North Korea. United Kingdom: Routledge. ISBN 9780203884720. Dicapai January 20, 2014. 
  3. ^ Green, Christopher. "Wrapped in a Fog: On the North Korean Constitution and the Ten Principles," Sino-NK, June 5, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2016.

Karya dipetik[sunting | sunting sumber]

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Teks asal[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 1972: Socialist Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. 1986 [Adopted at the first session of the fifth Supreme People's Assembly of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, December 27, 1972]. OCLC 1004545528. 
  • 1998: Socialist Constitution of the Democratic [sic] People's Republic of Korea. Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. 1998 [Amended and supplemented on September 5, Juche 87(1998) at the First Session of the Tenth Supreme People's Assembly, of the Democratic People's Republic Korea]. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 26 April 2014. 
  • 2009: Socialist Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. 2010 [Amended and supplemented at the 1st Session of the 12th Supreme People’s Assembly of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on April 9, Juche 98 (2009)]. OCLC 855026478. 
  • 2013: Socialist Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. 2014 [Amended and supplemented on April 1, Juche 102 (2013), at the Seventh Session of the Twelfth Supreme People's Assembly]. ISBN 978-9946-0-1099-1. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 8 July 2016. 
  • 2016: Socialist Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Foreign Languages Publishing House. 2016 [Amended and supplemented on June 29, Juche 105 (2016), at the Fourth Session of the Thirtieth Supreme People's Assembly]. 

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]