Plaid Cymru

Daripada Wikipedia, ensiklopedia bebas.
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Plaid Cymru – Party of Wales
Diasaskan5 Ogos 1925; 94 tahun yang lalu (1925-08-05)
IdeologiNasionalisme Wales
Kemerdekaan Wales[1][2]
Nasionalisme awam[3]
Regionalisme[4]
Sosialisme demokratik[5][6][7]
Demokrasi sosial[5][8][1]
Faham persekitaran[3][7]
Pro-Eropah
Penggabungan EropahEuropean Free Alliance
Kumpulan Parlimen EropahGreens/EFA
Warna rasmiHijau
Perwakilan Wales dalam Dewan Rakyat
4 / 40
Dewan Pertuanan[9]
Templat:HOL PC / Templat:HOLtotal
<div style="background-color:
  1. 008142; width: Ralat ungkapan: Aksara tanda baca "[" tidak dikenali%; height: 100%;">
Perwakilan Wales dalam Parlimen Eropah
1 / 4
Perhimpunan Kebangsaan Wales
10 / 60
Kerajaan tempatan Wales[10]
202 / 1,254
Police and Crime Commissioner
2 / 4

Plaid Cymru ([pla-id kĕm-ri], nama rasminya: Plaid Cymru – Party of Wales) ialah sebuah parti politik berfahaman demokrasi sosial di negeri Wales yang menyokong kemerdekaan negeri tersebut daripada kesatuan United Kingdom sambil mengekalkan status dan perwakilannya dalam Kesatuan Eropah.[11][12]

Setakat tahun 2018, parti ini memegang satu perempat kerusi perwakilan Wales dalam Parlimen Eropah, 4 daripada 40 kerusi perwakilan Wales dalam Parlimen United Kingdom, 10 daripada 60 kerusi Perhimpunan Kebangsaan Wales, serta 202 daripada 1,264 majlis kerajaan tempatan.[13]

Keputusan pilihan raya[sunting | sunting sumber]


Pilihan raya Parlimen Eropah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun pilihan raya Percentage of

vote in Wales

Total no.

of votes

Bil. kerusi dimenangi
1979 11.7% 83,399
0 / 4
1984 12.2% 103,031
0 / 4
1989 12.9% 115,062
0 / 4
1994 17.1% 162,478
0 / 5
1999 29.6% 185,235
2 / 5
2004 17.1% 159,888
1 / 4
2009 18.5% 126,702
1 / 4
2014 15.3% 111,695
1 / 4

Pilihan raya umum United Kingdom[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun pilihan raya Peratusan undian in Wales Bil. undian Bil. kerusi dimenangi Keputusan
1929 0.003% 609
0 / 36
N/A
1931 0.2% 2,050
0 / 36
N/A
1935 0.3% 2,534
0 / 36
N/A
1945 1.2% 16,017
0 / 36
N/A
1950 1.2% 17,580
0 / 36
N/A
1951 0.7% 10,920
0 / 36
N/A
1955 3.1% 45,119
0 / 36
N/A
1959 5.2% 77,571
0 / 36
N/A
1964 4.8% 69,507
0 / 36
N/A
1966 4.3% 61,071
0 / 36
N/A
1970 11.5% 175,016
0 / 36
N/A
Februari 1974 10.8% 171,374
2 / 36
Opposition
Oktober 1974 10.8% 166,321
3 / 36
Opposition
1979 8.1% 132,544
2 / 36
Opposition
1983 7.8% 125,309
2 / 38
Opposition
1987 7.3% 123,599
3 / 38
Opposition
1992* 9% 156,796
4 / 38
Opposition
1997 9.9% 161,030
4 / 40
Opposition
2001 14.3% 195,893
4 / 40
Opposition
2005 12.6% 174,838
3 / 40
Opposition
2010 11.3% 165,394
3 / 40
Opposition
2015 12.1% 181,694
3 / 40
Opposition
2017 10.4% 164,466
4 / 40
Opposition

*Six seats (Blaenau Gwent, Ceredigion & Pembroke North, Islwyn, Monmouth, Newport West and Torfaen) contested on a joint Plaid Cymru/Green Party ticket

National Assembly for Wales elections[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun pilihan raya Peratusan undian (constituency) Peratusan undian (regional) Bil. kerusi dimenangi (constituency) Bil. kerusi dimenangi (kawasan) Bil. kerusi dimenangi (jumlah) Keputusan
1999 28.4% (290,572) 30.6% (312,048)
9 / 40
8 / 20
17 / 60
Opposition
2003 21.2% (180,185) 19.7% (167,653)
5 / 40
7 / 20
12 / 60
Opposition
2007 22.4% (219,121) 21.0% (204,757)
7 / 40
8 / 20
15 / 60
2011 19.3% (182,907) 17.9% (169,799)
5 / 40
6 / 20
11 / 60
Opposition
2016 20.5% (209,376) 20.8% (211,548)
6 / 40
6 / 20
12 / 60
Opposition

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b Wolfram Nordsieck. "Parties and Elections in Europe". parties-and-elections.eu. 
  2. ^ Programme for Opposition. p.4. Accessed via the official Plaid Cymru website. Accessed on 30 August 2017.
  3. ^ a b Hamilton, Paul (2008). "Nationalism and Environmentalism". Nations and Nationalism: A Global Historical Overview. ABC-CLIO. 3: 881 
  4. ^ Frans Schrijver (2006). Regionalism After Regionalisation: Spain, France and the United Kingdom. Amsterdam University Press. m/s. 261–290. ISBN 978-90-5629-428-1. 
  5. ^ a b Schrijver, Frans (2006). "Regionalism After Regionalisation: Spain, France and the United Kingdom". Amsterdam University Press: 330 
  6. ^ Siaroff, Alan (2000). "Comparative European Party Systems: An Analysis of Parliamentary Elections Since 1945". Garland: 467 
  7. ^ a b Elias, Anwen (2006). "From 'full national status' to 'independence' in Europe: The case of Plaid Cymru — the Party of Wales". European Integration and the Nationalities Question. Routledge: 194 
  8. ^ Driver, Stephen (2011). "Understanding British Party Politics". Polity Press: 176 
  9. ^ "Lords by party and type of peerage". UK Parliament. 
  10. ^ "Local Council Political Compositions". Keith Edkins. 5 May 2017. Dicapai 15 May 2017. 
  11. ^ "Plaid Cymru conference calls for independence for Wales". BBC News. 10 September 2011. 
  12. ^ "Plaid Cymru Constitution" (PDF). February 2013. Dicapai 8 April 2014. 
  13. ^ Edkins, Keith Local Council Political Compositions di Gwydir.demon.co.uk, 18 Februari 2012. Dicapai pada 1 Mac 2012.

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]