Templat:Cite news

Daripada Wikipedia, ensiklopedia bebas.
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Pendokumenan templat[lihat] [sunting] [sejarah] [nyahcache]
Pendokumenan templat berikut ditransklusikan daripada Templat:Cite news/doc [sunting]

Templat ini digunakan untuk menyatakan petikan sumber dalam Wikipedia dan digunakan khususnya untuk sumber berita.

Kegunaan

Kesemua nama parameter mestilah dalam huruf kecil.

Gunakan salinan kosong. Jangan lupa meletakkan aksara "|" (paip) di antara setiap ruangan. Hapuskan mana-mana ruangan yang tidak digunakan bagi mengelakkan keserabutan dalam tetingkap sunting.

Versi penuh (salin dan tampal teks berikut dan buang parameter yang tidak diperlukan)
{{cite news |first= |last= |authorlink= |author= |coauthors= |title= |url= |format= |work= |publisher= |id= |pages= |page= |date= |accessdate=2018-12-10 |language= |quote= |archiveurl= |archivedate= }}
Ruangan kerap digunakan (boleh juga digunakan yang ini bagi mengurangkan pemadaman parameter)
(Yang ini menganggap petikan dalam bahasa Melayu, berformat HTML dan dicapai pada hari ini)
{{cite news |first= |last= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title= |url= |work= |publisher= |date= |accessdate=2018-12-10 }}
SEMUA parameter, format menegak
{{cite news
 | first = 
 | last = 
 | authorlink = 
 | author = 
 | coauthors = 
 | title = 
 | url = 
 | format = 
 | work = 
 | publisher = 
 | id = 
 | pages = 
 | page = 
 | date = 
 | accessdate = 
 | language = 
 | quote = 
 | archiveurl = 
 | archivedate = 
 }}
  • title (tajuk) diwajibkan, yang selebihnya adalah sebaliknya. Ingat bahawa tajuk mesti ditaip dalam satu baris sahaja agar hiperrangkai dipaparkan dengan betul. Jangan sertakan tanda petikan, huruf condong atau apa-apa pemformatan lain.
  • author: Pengarang.
    • last boleh digunakan bersama first untuk menghasilkan last, first
    • authorlink boleh digunakan bersama author atau dengan last & first untuk memautkan rencana Wikipedia yang bersesuaian. Tidak boleh digunakan dengan URL.
    • coauthors: Membenarkan pengarang tambahan.
  • url: Memautkan bahan berita jika terdapat dalam talian (ambil perhatian bahawa penggunaan ini bukan untuk pautan ke tapak web utama karya penerbit, sebaliknya untuk pautan ke salinan bahan yang dinyatakan dalam "title").
    • format: Format, cth. PDF. Jangan nyatakan jika HTML (yang dianggap secara lalai).
      Tetapkan sebagai 'bayaran diperlukan' jika capaian percuma tidak lagi boleh didapati.
      Tetapkan sebagai 'Cetakan Semula' jika versi asal yang penuh digunakan tetapi tidak dihoskan oleh penerbit asal.
  • work: Seperti ruang, subruang isu atau karya berbilang bahagian seperti tajuk majalah. Jangan condongkan.
  • publisher: Syarikat atau pertubuhan yang menerbitkan sumber berita.
  • id: Pengecam seperti {{ISSN|0028-0836}} — ingat, jika parameter ini digunakan, anda mesti menyatakan jenis pengecam, bukan sekadar memberi nombor.
  • date: Tarikh penerbitan. Format TTTT-BB-HH ISO 8601 disarankan. Jika keseluruhan tarikh diketahui, sepatutnya diwikipautkan untuk membolehkan keutamaan pengguna tarikh.
  • page atau pages: Halaman(-halaman) mana yang didapati rencana tersebut. page meletakkan singkatan "p." sebelum nombor; pages meletakkan pula "pp." Gunakan salah satu parameter sahaja. Jika nombor dimasukkan ke dalam kedua-duanya, pages mengatasi page.
  • accessdate: Tarikh bahan dicapai. Gunakan format TTTT-BB-HH ISO 8601. Janga wikipaut tarikh.
  • language: Bahasa penulisan bahan. Jika bahasa Melayu (lalai), jangan gunakan parameter ini.
  • quote: Petikan yang berkaitan.
  • archiveurl: URL lokasi arkib bahan tersebut (memerlukan archivedate); parameter ini adalah untuk arkib seperti yang disimpan di internetarchive.org; bagi keluaran kebelakangan dan yang serupa dengannya yang ada dalam fail di tapak penerbit, gunakan parameter "url".
  • archivedate: Tarikh pengarkiban bahan (memerlukan archiveurl), dalam format TTTT-BB-HH ISO 8601, cth. 2006-02-17. Jangan diwikipautkan; tarikh akan dipautkan secara sendiri.

Contoh

Pengunaan first dan last untuk mengenal pasti penulis, dan id untuk membekalkan ISSN
  • {{cite news | first=John | last=Doe | title=News | url=http://www.example.org/ | work=Encyclopedia of Things | publisher=News co. | pages= 37–39 | date=[[2005-11-21]] | id={{ISSN|0028-0836}} | accessdate=2005-12-11 }}
    Doe, John (2005-11-21). "News". Encyclopedia of Things. News co. m/s. 37–39. ISSN 0028-0836. Dicapai 2005-12-11.  Check date values in: |date= (bantuan)
Penggunaan author yang menggantikan first dan last
  • {{cite news | author=Staff writer | title=News | url=http://www.example.org/News.pdf | format=PDF | publisher=News co. | pages= 37–39 | date=[[2005-11-21]] | accessdate=2005-12-11 }}
    Staff writer (2005-11-21). "News" (PDF). News co. m/s. 37–39. Dicapai 2005-12-11.  Check date values in: |date= (bantuan)
Penggunaan authorlink untuk memautkan rencana penulis
  • {{cite news | first=John | last=Doe | authorlink=John Doe | title=News | url=http://www.example.org/background | format=Reprint | publisher=News co. | date=[[2005-11-21]] | accessdate=2005-12-11 }}
    Doe, John (2005-11-21). "News" (Reprint). News co. Dicapai 2005-12-11.  Check date values in: |date= (bantuan)
Penggunaan format
  • {{cite news | title=News | url=http://www.example.org/Archive/News | format=Fee required | publisher=News co. | date=[[2005-11-21]] | accessdate=2005-12-11 }}
    "News" (Fee required). News co. 2005-11-21. Dicapai 2005-12-11.  Check date values in: |date= (bantuan)
Penggunaan page untuk mengenal pasti rujukan mengikut halaman
  • {{cite news | first=John | last=Doe | title=FooBar | page=1 }}
    Doe, John. "FooBar". m/s. 1. 
Pemetikan ringkas
  • {{cite news | title=FooBar | page=1 }}
    "FooBar". m/s. 1. 
Penggunaan archiveurl dan archivedate untuk merujuk kepada bahan yang sudah tiada tetapi masih tersedia di tapak arkib
  • {{cite news | author=Staff writer | title=News | url=http://www.example.org/News.pdf | format=PDF | publisher=News co. | pages= 37–39 | date=[[2005-11-21]] | accessdate=2005-12-11 | archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20070628082911/http://www.example.org/News.pdf | archivedate=2007-06-28 }}
    Staff writer (2005-11-21). "News" (PDF). News co. m/s. 37–39. Diarkibkan daripada asal (PDF) pada 2007-06-28. Dicapai 2005-12-11.  Check date values in: |date= (bantuan)

COinS

Templat ini menghasilkan COinS metadata; lihat COinS di Wikipedia untuk maklumat latar belakang.

TemplateData

Berikut ialah pendokumenan TemplateData untuk templat ini yang digunakan oleh VisualEditor dan alatan-alatan lain.

Cite news

This template formats a citation to a news article in print, video, audio or web using the provided source information (e.g. author, publication, date) and various formatting options.

Parameter templat

Templat ini lebih menyukai pemformatan parameter dalam baris.

ParameterKeteranganJenisStatus
URLurl URL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found. Requires schemes of the type "http://..." or maybe even the  protocol relative scheme "//..."

Contoh
https://www.nytimes.com/...
Rentetandisarankan
Source titletitle

The title of the source page on the website; displays in quotes

Rentetandiperlukan
Last namelast last1 author author1 authors

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'.

Tidak diketahuidisarankan
First namefirst first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'.

Tidak diketahuidisarankan
Source datedate

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

Rentetandisarankan
Newspapernewspaper

Name of the newspaper; displays after title

Rentetandisarankan
URL access dateaccess-date accessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

Rentetandisarankan
Archive URLarchive-url archiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

Rentetandisarankan
Archive datearchive-date archivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

Rentetandisarankan
Dead URLdead-url deadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

Rentetandisarankan
Publisherpublisher

Name of the publisher; displays after title

Rentetanpilihan
Workwork

Name of the source periodical; may be wikilinked; displays in italics; alias of 'newspaper', 'journal', 'magazine', 'periodical'

Rentetandisarankan
Agencyagency

The news agency (wire service) that provided the content; examples: Associated Press, Reuters, Agence France-Presse

Rentetanpilihan
Last name 2last2 author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

Tidak diketahuipilihan
First name 2first2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Othersothers

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

Rentetanpilihan
Month of publicationmonth

Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

Rentetanpilihan
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

Rentetanpilihan
Editor last nameeditor-last

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Editor first nameeditor-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Editor linkeditor-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-link'

Halamanpilihan
Issueissue number

Issue identifier when the source is part of a series that is published periodically

Rentetanpilihan
Departmentdepartment

Department within the periodical

Rentetanpilihan
Location of publicationlocation

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

Rentetanpilihan
Place of publicationpublication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

Rentetanpilihan
Publication datepublication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

Rentetanpilihan
Editionedition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed with ' ed.'

Rentetanpilihan
Volumevolume

For one publication published in several volumes

Rentetanpilihan
Pagepage

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

Rentetanpilihan
Pagespages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

Rentetanpilihan
No ppnopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

Rentetanpilihan
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

Rentetanpilihan
Languagelanguage

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

Rentetanpilihan
Script titlescript-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

Rentetanpilihan
Translated titletrans-title trans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Rentetanpilihan
Typetype

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

Rentetanpilihan
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

Rentetanpilihan
arXiv identifierarxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

Rentetanpilihan
ASINasin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

Rentetanpilihan
ASIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

Rentetanpilihan
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

Rentetanpilihan
DOIdoi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

Rentetanpilihan
DOI broken datedoi-broken-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

Rentetanpilihan
ISBNisbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

Rentetanpilihan
ISSNissn

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

Rentetanpilihan
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

Rentetanpilihan
JSTORjstor

JSTOR identifier

Rentetanpilihan
LCCNlccn

Library of Congress Control Number

Rentetanpilihan
MRmr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

Rentetanpilihan
OCLCoclc

Online Computer Library Center number

Rentetanpilihan
OLol

Open Library identifier

Rentetanpilihan
OSTIosti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

Rentetanpilihan
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

Rentetanpilihan
PMIDpmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

Rentetanpilihan
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

Rentetanpilihan
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

Rentetanpilihan
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

Rentetanpilihan
idid

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

Rentetanpilihan
Quotequote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

Rentetanpilihan
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

Rentetanpilihan
Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

Tersedia
.
Rentetanpilihan
Registrationregistration

For online sources that require registration, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); superseded by subscription if both are set

Rentetanpilihan
Subscriptionsubscription

For online sources that require subscription, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); supersedes registration if both are set

Rentetanpilihan
Last name 3last3 author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

Tidak diketahuipilihan
First name 3first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Last name 4last4 author4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

Tidak diketahuipilihan
First name 4first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Last name 5last5 author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

Tidak diketahuipilihan
First name 5first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Last name 6last6 author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

Tidak diketahuipilihan
First name 6first6

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Last name 7last7 author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

Tidak diketahuipilihan
First name 7first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Last name 8last8 author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

Tidak diketahuipilihan
First name 8first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Last name 9last9 author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

Tidak diketahuipilihan
First name 9first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Author maskauthor-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Rentetanpilihan
Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as  

Tersedia
,
Rentetanpilihan
Author separatorauthor-separator

Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as  

Tersedia
;
Rentetanpilihan
Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used;

Angkapilihan
Author linkauthor-link authorlink authorlink1 author-link1 author1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Halamanpilihan
Author link 2author-link2 authorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author. (Up to nine authors can be listed, 3-9 are toward the end of the parameter list)

Halamanpilihan
Lay URLlay-url layurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

Rentetanpilihan
Lay sourcelay-source laysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

Rentetanpilihan
Lay datelay-date laydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

Rentetanpilihan
Author link 3author-link3 authorlink3 author3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

Halamanpilihan
Author link 4author-link4 authorlink4 author4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

Halamanpilihan
Author link 5author-link5 authorlink5 author5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth author.

Halamanpilihan
Author link 6author-link6 authorlink6 author6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Halamanpilihan
Author link 7author-link7 authorlink7 author7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

Halamanpilihan
Author link 8author-link8 authorlink8 author8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

Halamanpilihan
Author link 9author-link9 authorlink9 author9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

Halamanpilihan
Last author ampersandlast-author-amp lastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

Rentetanpilihan
Original yearorig-year origyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

Rentetanpilihan
viavia

Identify the aggregator of the resource that provided the digital version (usually a database provider), when it differs from the publisher (e.g., for The Wikipedia Library)

Contoh
EBSCOHost , Proquest, Newspapers.com
Tidak diketahuidisarankan

Lihat juga