Terah atau Térach (Hebrew Name 2|תֶּרַח|תָּרַח|Téraḥ|Táraḥ|Téraḥ|Tāraḥ|"Ibex, kambing liar", atau "Kelana; pelengah") dalam Kitab Kejadian dari Kitab Suci Ibrani dan Alkitab juga ada yang menggelarnya Azar, adalah salah seorang anak Nahor dan isterinya yang tidak disebutkan namanya. Nama Terah disebut sepuluh kali dalam Alkitab, tujuh kalinya di kitab Kejadian, sekali di Yosua, I Tawarikh dan Lukas.
Beliau mempunyai tiga orang anak yang bernama Abram (Abraham), Nahor, dan Haran yang lahir di Ur-Kasdim ketika Terah berusia 70 tahun dan hidup hingga mencapai usia 250 tahun. Ketika Haran mati muda di Ur-Kasdim, Terah membawa Abraham dan Sarai ( Sarah) isterinya beserta Lot, anak Haran, ke tanah Kanaan. Terah meninggal di tengah perjalanan di tanah bernama Haran (sekitar antara Ur-Kasdim dan Kanaan).
Keperibadian[sunting | sunting sumber]
Menurut Injil[sunting | sunting sumber]
According to the Book of Genesis 11, Terah was the son of Nahor, who was the son of Serug, who was the son of Reu, who was the son of Peleg, who was the son of Eber, who was the son of Shelah, who was the son of Arpachshad, who was the son of Shem, who was one of the sons of Noah.
According to Genesis 11 Terah had three sons, Abram, Haran, and Nahor; according to Genesis 20:12 Sarah, Abraham's wife, was his half-sister (i.e., the daughter of Terah by a wife other than the mother of Abraham). He lived in "Ur of the Chaldees," where his son Haran died, leaving behind his son Lot. Nahor settled at Haran, a place on the way to Ur. Terah afterwards migrated with Abraham (probably his youngest son) and Lot (his grandson), together with their families, from Ur, intending to go with them to Canaan; however he stayed in Harran, where he died at the age of two hundred and five years (Genesis 11:24-32). While he remained there until his death, Abram moved his family out of Haran when Terah was 145 years old (he died aged 205). (Gen 11:31,32; Acts 7:4) The Book of Joshua reports that Terah worshiped other gods. (Josh. 24:2.)
Tradisi Yahudi[sunting | sunting sumber]
The Midrash regards Terah as wicked. (E.g., Numbers Rabbah 19:1; 19:33.) Rabbi Hiyya said that Terah manufactured idols and told the following account: Terah once went away and left Abraham to mind the store. A woman came with a plateful of flour and asked Abraham to offer it to the idols. Abraham took a stick, broke the idols, and put the stick in the largest idol’s hand. When Terah returned, he demanded that Abraham explain what he had done. Abraham told Terah that the idols fought among themselves and the largest broke the others with the stick. “Why do you make sport of me?” Terah cried, “Do they have any knowledge?” Abraham replied, “Listen to what you are saying!” Terah then delivered Abraham to King Nimrod for punishment. (Genesis Rabbah 38:13.) The Zohar says that when God saved Abraham from the furnace, Terah repented. (Zohar, Bereshit 1:77b.) Rabbi Abba b. Kahana said that God assured Abraham that his father Terah had a portion in the World to Come. (Genesis Rabbah 30:4; 30:12.)
Tradisi Islam[sunting | sunting sumber]
Dalam beberapa tempat dalam Kitab Suci Al-Quran, ada diceritakan tentang Nabi Ibrahim a.s. dan bapanya yang digelar sebagai Azar. Ceritanya mempunyai banyak persamaan dengan pandangan tradisi Yahudi terhadap Ibraham dan juga Terah: Azar (pakcik Ibrahim) adalah seorang politeis jahat yang kerjanya mengukir berhala kayu untuk disembah.