F4F Wildcat

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F4F / FM Wildcat
F4F-3 new pitot tube of later model.jpg
Skema warna kelabu cair pada pesawat F4F-3 pada awal tahun 1942
Peranan Pesawat pejuang
Negara pengeluar Amerika Syarikat
Pengeluar Grumman
Penerbangan sulung 2 September 1937
Diperkenalkan Disember 1940
Dihentikan 1945
Pengguna utama Tentera Laut Amerika Syarikat
Kor Marin Amerika Syarikat
Tentera Udara Diraja Britain
Tentera Udara Diraja Kanada
Jumlah dibina 7,722

Grumman F4F Wildcat merupakan sebuah pesawat pejuang yang berpangkalan di atas kapal pengangkut pesawat. Ia digunakan oleh Tentera Laut Amerika Syarikat dan Tentera Laut Diraja Britain pada tahun 1940. Meskipun digunakan dalam pertempuran buat pertama kalinya oleh Britain di Eropah, Wildcat adalah satu-satunya pesawat pejuang Tentera Laut A.S atau Kor Marin Amerika Syarikat dalam Perang Dunia II pada tahun 1941-42 di Medan Pasifik selain kemunculan singkat pesawat F2A Buffalo.

Pesawat ini kemudian digantikan dengan pesawat F6F Hellcat yang lebih laju dan mengatasi pesawat Zero. Walaubagaimanaun, FM Wildcat terus dibina oleh General Motors, disepanjang peperangan bagi berperanan sebagai pesawat pengiring kapal pengangkut, di mana penggunaan pesawat pejuang yang lebih besar dan berat tidak dapat digunakan.

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Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Angelucci, Enzo. The American Fighter. Sparkford, Somerset: Haynes Publishing Group, 1987. ISBN 0-85429-635-2.
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  • Brown, Eric, CBE, DCS, AFC, RN.; William Green and Gordon Swanborough, . "Grumman Wildcat". Wings of the Navy, Flying Allied Carrier Aircraft of World War Two. London: Jane's Publishing Company, 1980, pp. 40–52. ISBN 0-7106-0002-X.
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  • Dann, Richard S. F4F Wildcat in action, Aircraft Number 191. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 2004. ISBN 0-89747-469-4.
  • Dann, Richard S. F4F Wildcat Walkaround. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 1995. ISBN 0-89747-347-7.
  • Donald, David, ed. American Warplanes of World War II. London, UK: Aerospace Publishing, 1995. ISBN 1-874023-72-7.
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  • Ehrman, Vlastimil. Grumman Wildcat (in Czech). Prague, Czech Republic: Modelpres, 1995. ISBN 80-910328-7-1.
  • Green, William. Warplanes of the Second World War, Volume Four: Fighters. London: Macdonald & Co.(Publishers) Ltd., 1961 (6th impression 1969). ISBN 0-356-01448-7.
  • Green, William. War Planes of the Second World War, Volume Six: Floatplanes. London:Macdonald, 1962.
  • Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. WW2 Fact Files: US Navy and Marine Corps Fighters. London: Macdonald and Jane's Publishers Ltd., 1976. ISBN 0-356-08222-9.
  • Greene, Frank L. The Grumman F4F-3 Wildcat. Windsor, Berkshire, UK: Profile Publications, 1972 (reprint from 1966).
  • Jarski, Adam. F4F Wildcat, Monografie Lotnicze 20(in Polish). Gdańsk, Poland: AJ-Press, 1995. ISBN 83-86208-29-5.
  • Kinzey, Bert. F4F Wildcat in detail. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 2000. ISBN 1-888974-18-4.
  • Kinzey, Bert. F4F Wildcat in detail & scale. Blue Ridge Summit, PA: TAB Books Inc., 1988. ISBN 0-8306-8040-3.
  • Kit, Mister and Jean-Pierre de Cock. Grumman F4F Wildcat. Paris, France: Éditions Atlas s.a., 1981. no ISBN (French).
  • Linn, Don. F4F Wildcat in action, Aircraft Number 84. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 1988. ISBN 0-89747-200-4.
  • Lundstrom, John B. The First Team and the Guadalcanal Campaign. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1994. ISBN 1-55750-526-8.
  • Lundstrom, John B. The First Team: Pacific Naval Air Combat from Pearl Harbor to Midway. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1984. ISBN 0-87021-189-7.
  • March, Daniel J. (ed). British Warplanes of World War II. London: Aerospace Publishing. 1998. ISBN 1-874023-92-1.
  • Mendenhall, Charles A. Wildcats & Hellcats: Gallant Grummans in World War II. Osceola, WI: Motorbooks International, 1984. ISBN 0-87938-177-9.
  • O'Leary, Michael. Grumman Cats. London: Osprey Publishing Ltd., 1992. ISBN 1-85532-247-1.
  • O'Leary, Michael. United States Naval Fighters of World War II in Action. Poole, Dorset, UK: Blandford Press, 1980. ISBN 0-7137-0956-1.
  • Philips, Glen. Grumman F4F Wildcat, including Grumman Martlet Mks. I-VI, Warpaint series no.9. Church End Farm, Bedfordshire, UK: Hall Park Books Ltd., 1997. No ISBN.
  • Thetford, Owen. British Naval Aircraft Since 1912, Fourth Edition. London, UK: Putnam, 1978. ISBN 0-85177-861-5.
  • Tillman, Barrett. Wildcat Aces of World War 2. Botley, Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 1995. ISBN 1-85532-486-5.
  • Tillman, Barrett. Wildcat: the F4F in World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval & Aviation Publishing, 1983. ISBN 0-933852-32-0 (Revised 1990. ISBN 1-55750-819-4).
  • Winchester, Jim. Fighter - The World's Finest Combat Aircraft - 1913 to the Present Day. Bath, UK: Parragon Publishing, 2004. ISBN 1-4054-3843-6.
  • Zbiegniewski, Andre R. and Krzysztof Janowicz. Grumman F4F Wildcat (Bilingual Polish/English). Lublin, Poland: Kagero, 2004. ISBN 83-89088-53-3.

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