Judi

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Judi ialah permainan yang melibatkan pertaruhan harta ataupun penaruhan "nilai". Dalam perjudian, pihak yang kalah dalam permainan harus membayar sejumlah nilai kepada pihak yang menang. Biasanya ia menghabiskan tempoh masa yang singkat untuk mendapatkan hasil keputusan sama ada menang atau kalah.

Terdapat banyak jenis permainan yang boleh dianggap sebagai perjudian. Contohnya:

Pada lazimnya, perjudian dianggap sebagai amalan yang buruk kerana ia merupakan satu bentuk pengagihan harta yang tidak adil: Dalam perjudian, pihak yang menang akan mendapat harta tanpa melakukan apa-apa yang produktif. Lebih-lebih lagi kemenangan dalam perjudian biasanya bergantung kepada nasib.

Jenis perjudian[sunting | sunting sumber]

Perjudian kasino[sunting | sunting sumber]

Manakala oleh kerana apa-apa jua permainan boleh dimainkan untuk wang, dan apa jua jenis permainan yang dimainkan untuk wang boleh juga digunakan untuk suka-suka, beberapa permainan biasanya ditawarkan di dalam sesebuah kasino.

Permainan atas meja[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rencana utama: Permainan meja
The Caesars Palace main fountain. The statue is a copy of the ancient Winged Victory of Samothrace.
A pachinko parlor in Tokyo, Japan

Permainan elektronik[sunting | sunting sumber]

perjudian[sunting | sunting sumber]

Permainan perjudian bukan kasino[sunting | sunting sumber]

Mahjong tiles.

Gambling games that take place outside of casinos include Bingo (as played in the US and UK), dead pool, lotteries, pull-tab games and scratchcards, and Mahjong.

Permainan perjudian bukan kasino termasuklah:

*Although coin tossing isn't usually played in a casino, it has been known to be an official gambling game in some Australian casinos[1]

Pertaruhan fixed-odd[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rencana utama: Fixed-odds betting

Fixed-odds betting and Parimutuel betting frequently occur at many types of sporting events, and political elections. In addition many bookmakers offer fixed odds on a number of non-sports related outcomes, for example the direction and extent of movement of various financial indices, the winner of television competitions such as Big Brother, and election results.[2] Interactive prediction markets also offer trading on these outcomes, with "shares" of results trading on an open market.

Pertaruhan parimutuel[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rencana utama: Parimutuel betting

One of the most widespread forms of gambling involves betting on horse or greyhound racing. Wagering may take place through parimutuel pools, or bookmakers may take bets personally. Parimutuel wagers pay off at prices determined by support in the wagering pools, while bookmakers pay off either at the odds offered at the time of accepting the bet; or at the median odds offered by track bookmakers at the time the race started.

Pertaruhan sukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rencana utama: Pertaruhan sukan

Betting on team sports has become an important service industry in many countries. For example, millions of Britons play the football pools every week. In addition to organized sports betting, both legal and illegal, there are many side-betting games played by casual groups of spectators, such as NCAA Basketball Tournament Bracket Pools, Super Bowl Squares, Fantasy Sports Leagues with monetary entry fees and winnings, and in-person spectator games like Moundball.

Pertaruhan arbitraj[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rencana utama: Pertaruhan arbitraj

Arbitrage betting is a theoretically risk-free betting system in which every outcome of an event is bet upon so that a known profit will be made by the bettor upon completion of the event, regardless of the outcome. Arbitrage betting is a combination of the ancient art of arbitrage trading and gambling, which has been made possible by the large numbers of bookmakers in the marketplace, creating occasional opportunities for arbitrage.

Perjudian jenis lain[sunting | sunting sumber]

One can also bet with another person that a statement is true or false, or that a specified event will happen (a "back bet") or will not happen (a "lay bet") within a specified time. This occurs in particular when two people have opposing but strongly held views on truth or events. Not only do the parties hope to gain from the bet, they place the bet also to demonstrate their certainty about the issue. Some means of determining the issue at stake must exist. Sometimes the amount bet remains nominal, demonstrating the outcome as one of principle rather than of financial importance.

Betting exchanges allow consumers to both back and lay at odds of their choice. Similar in some ways to a stock exchange, a bettor may want to back a horse (hoping it will win) or lay a horse (hoping it will lose, effectively acting as bookmaker)

Kesan perjudian[sunting | sunting sumber]

Atas pemikiran[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bagi mereka yang ketagih judi, fokus pemikiran mereka adalah pada pejudian semata-mata sehingga mengabaikan perkara-perkara yang lain. Lebih teruk lagi, mereka akan mengkaitkan segala yang berlaku sebagai nasib, kerana menganggap kehidupan adalah suatu perjudian yang besar. Selain itu, modal penyelesaian masalah mereka adalah tidak logik. Mereka sentiasa mencari bantuan daripada alam ghaib untuk kejayaan dalam hidup. Contohnya mereka mungkin memberi "batu hikmah" yang "dapat meningkatkan tuah" untuk menjayakan hidup. Pendek kata, perjudian akan mempengaruhi seseorang sehingga berpemikiran magis.

Ke atas kehidupan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Perjudian akan membawa kepada ketidaktetapan pendapatan kepada seseorang. Ini adalah kerana dalam perjudian, seseorang sentiasanya mengalami menang-kalah secara mendadak dan secara rambang. Tanpa pendapatan yang tetap, seseorang itu sukar untuk menguruskan hartanya dengan baik. Maka tidak hairan bahawa si penjudi sentiasanya mengalami masalah kewangan.[3]

Pandangan judi daripada sudut Islam[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pada zaman jahiliah, masyarakat Arab sangat gemar bermain judi, atau disebut mereka sebagai al-Masyir. Pada masa itu, mereka tahu dua bentuk judi, iaitu al-mukhatarah dan al-tajzi'ah. Para ulama bersepakat bahawa judi adalah haram dalam hukum Islam.[3]

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]