Orang Flemish

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Orang Flemish
(Vlamingen)
Germanic peoples Flemings.png
1st row: Els DottermansLara FabianPeter Paul Rubens
2nd row:Andreas VesaliusEddy MerckxKim Clijsters
3nd row: Gerardus MercatorHendrik ConscienceJames Ensor
Jumlah penduduk
6,550,000 (anggaran 2006)
Kawasan ramai penduduk
 Belgium 6,230,000 [1]
 Amerika Syarikat 389,171 [2]
 Perancis 187, 750 [3]
 Kanada 12,430 - 168,910 [4]
 Afrika Selatan 55,200 [3]
 Australia 15,130 [3]
 Brazil 6,000 [3]
Kelompok etnik berkaitan

Austria, Denmark, Belanda, Inggeris, Jerman, Perancis, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Walloon, lain-lain Orang Germanik

Orang Flemish (bahasa Belanda: "de Vlamingen") adalah salah satu kumpulan etnik rakyat Jerman yang berasal dari Belgium, mereka bertutur dalam Bahasa Belanda dan kebanyakannya ditemui di kawasan utara Flanders.

Identiti dan kebudayaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bahasa[sunting | sunting sumber]

Orang Flemish bercakap dalam bahasa Belanda (terutamanya bagi variasi dari selatan, yang kadang-kadang dipanggil 'bahasa Flemish'). Ia adalah bahasa majoriti di Belgium, yang dituturkan secara asli oleh tiga per lima daripada penduduk. Pelbagai dialek yang mengandungi beberapa leksikal dan beberapa ciri-ciri tatabahasa yang membezakan mereka dari bahasa standard.[5]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. "Structuur van de bevolking — België / Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest / Vlaams Gewest / Waals Gewest / De 25 bevolkingsrijke gemeenten (2000–2006)" (dalam bahasa Belanda (juga dikenali sebagai dialek Flemish)) (asp). Belgian Federal Government Service (kementerian) of Economy — Directorate-general Statistics Belgium. © 1998/2007. http://statbel.fgov.be/figures/d21_nl.asp#2. Capaian 2007-05-23. [pautan putus]— Note: 59% of the Belgians can be considered Flemish, i.e., Dutch-speaking: Native speakers of Dutch living in Wallonia and of French in Flanders are relatively small minorities which furthermore largely balance one another, hence counting all inhabitants of each unilingual area to the area's language can cause only insignificant inaccuracies (99% can speak the language). Dutch: Flanders' 6.079 million inhabitants and about 15% of Brussels' 1.019 million are 6.23 million or 59.3% of the 10.511 million inhabitants of Belgium (2006); German: 70,400 in the German-speaking Community (which has language facilities for its less than 5% French-speakers), and an estimated 20,000–25,000 speakers of German in the Walloon Region outside the geographical boundaries of their official Community, or 0.9%; French: in the latter area as well as mainly in the rest of Wallonia (3.414 - 0.093 = 3.321 million) and 85% of the Brussels inhabitants (0.866 million) thus 4.187 million or 39.8%; together indeed 100%
  2. The 2006 US American Community Survey listed 389,171 people claiming "Belgian" ancestry.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Vlamingen in de Wereld". Vlamingen in de Wereld, a foundation offering services for Flemish expatriates, with cooperation of the Flemish government.. http://www.viw.be/intro.html. Capaian 2007-03-01. 
  4. : 2006 Canadian Census gives 12,430 respondents stating their ethnic origin as Flemish. Another 168,910 reported 'Belgian'. Lihat Senarai warga di Kanada mengikut kumpulan etnik (2001)
  5. G. Janssens and A. Marynissen, Het Nederlands vroeger en nu (Leuven/Voorburg 2005), 155 ff.


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