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Pemberontakan Kepupusan

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(Dilencongkan dari Extinction Rebellion)
Pemberontakan Kepupusan
Extinction Rebellion
Kerangka
KependekanXR Sunting ini di Wikidata
Dinamakan sempenaKepupusan Antroposen
Jenis/bentuk sahKumpulan penyokong
TujuanPengurangan perubahan iklim
Pemuliharaan alam
Perlindungan alam sekitar
BidangGerakan pemuliharaan
Gerakan alam sekitar
PergerakanEnvironmentalisme, nonviolent resistance Sunting ini di Wikidata
Tapak webrebellion.global
Facebook: ExtinctionRebellion Twitter: ExtinctionR Mastodon: extinctionr@social.rebellion.global Instagram: extinctionrebellion Youtube: UCYThdLKE6TDwBJh-qDC6ICA TikTok: ZMLAgCxo3 Sunting ini di Wikidata
Sejarah
Dibentuk31 Oktober 2018; 5 tahun yang lalu (2018-10-31) di Stroud, United Kingdom
PengasasRoger Hallam
Gail Bradbrook
Tamsin Omond[1]
Simon Bramwell[2]
GabunganRising Up![3]
Pemberontakan Haiwan[4]
XR Belia
Lokasi
Lokasi
  • United Kingdom, Jerman, Itali, Kerajaan Belanda, Perancis, Portugal, Sepanyol, Switzerland, Amerika Syarikat, Denmark, Australia, New Zealand, Kanada, Brazil, Pakistan, Afrika Selatan, Argentina, Austria, Israel, Belgium, Poland Sunting ini di Wikidata
Kawasan perkhidmatanAntarabangsa
sunting · sunting di Wikidata
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Pemberontakan Kepupusan (XR, bahasa Inggeris: Extinction Rebellion) ialah gerakan alam sekitar sejagat,[5][6] dengan tujuan yang dinyatakan menggunakan keingkaran awam tanpa kekerasan untuk memaksa tindakan kerajaan untuk mengelak titik jongket dalam sistem iklim, kehilangan kepelbagaian hayat, dan risiko keruntuhan ekologi dan sosial.[3][7][8] Pemberontakan Kepupusan telah ditubuhkan di United Kingdom pada Mei 2018 oleh Gail Bradbrook,[9][10][11] Simon Bramwell,[2] dan Roger Hallam, bersama dengan lapan pengasas bersama yang lain daripada kumpulan kempen Rising Up![9][12]

Lihat juga

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  1. ^ "Green party to offer 'young, intersectional feminist leadership'". The Guardian.
  2. ^ a b Gaffney, Adrienne (2020-04-16). "The Wild, Ambitious, Madcap Environmental Activism of Extinction Rebellion". ELLE. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2021-01-26. Dicapai pada 2021-03-15. Extinction Rebellion began in April 2018 when a diverse group of about 15 activists met at Gail Bradbrook's house in the Cotswolds. Bradbrook, a molecular biophysicist who'd been a part of antifracking protests and the Occupy movement, was joined by others accustomed to making splashy statements for the cause. There was her former partner Simon Bramwell, who spent several weeks in a tree in Bristol to fight a proposed bus path back in 2015 (he was unsuccessful), and Roger Hallam, an organic farmer who staged a hunger strike in 2017 to get King's College London to divest from fossil fuel companies (the school eventually agreed).
  3. ^ a b Matthew Taylor (2018-10-26). "'We have a duty to act': hundreds ready to go to jail over climate crisis". The Guardian. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2019-12-29. Dicapai pada 2018-11-17.
  4. ^ Taylor, Matthew (2019-08-16). "Animal Rebellion activists to blockade UK's biggest meat market". The Guardian (dalam bahasa Inggeris). ISSN 0261-3077. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2020-06-30. Dicapai pada 2020-07-13.
  5. ^ Ralat petik: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tiada teks disediakan bagi rujukan yang bernama redalert
  6. ^ Corbett, Jessica (2019-10-08). "Extinction Rebellion movement kicks off two weeks of civil disobedience around the world". Salon. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2020-03-26. Dicapai pada 2019-10-15.
  7. ^ "A Declaration of International Non-Violent Rebellion Against the World's Governments for Criminal Inaction on the Ecological Crisis" (PDF). Extinction Rebellion. April 2019. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal (PDF) pada 2018-11-28. Dicapai pada 2019-04-17.
  8. ^ "Our Demands". rebellion.earth. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2020-03-27. Dicapai pada 2019-09-16.
  9. ^ a b "Extremism Rebellion". Policy Exchange (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Dicapai pada 2021-09-30.
  10. ^ Dans, Enrique. "If You Haven't Heard Of Extinction Rebellion Yet, You Soon Will ..." Forbes (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Dicapai pada 2021-09-30.
  11. ^ Green, Matthew (2019-04-11). "Extinction Rebellion: inside the new climate resistance". Financial Times (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2021-03-02. Dicapai pada 2021-03-10.
  12. ^ "Extinction Rebellion campaigners arrested in London". Green World. 2018-11-19. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2019-10-11. Dicapai pada 2018-11-24.

Bacaan lanjut

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  • Bell, Karen (2021). "Working-class people, Extinction Rebellion and the environmental movements of the Global North". Diversity and Inclusion in Environmentalism. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-003-09918-5.
  • Bell, Karen; Bevan, Gnisha (2021). "Beyond inclusion? Perceptions of the extent to which Extinction Rebellion speaks to, and for, Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) and working-class communities". Local Environment. 26 (10): 1205–1220. doi:10.1080/13549839.2021.1970728.
  • Berglund, Oscar; Schmidt, Daniel (2020). Extinction Rebellion and Climate Change Activism: Breaking the Law to Change the World (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Springer Nature. ISBN 978-3-030-48359-3.
  • Booth, Ella (2019). "Extinction Rebellion: social work, climate change and solidarity". Critical and Radical Social Work. 7 (2): 257–261. doi:10.1332/204986019X15623302985296.
  • Buzogány, Aron; Scherhaufer, Patrick (2022). "Framing different energy futures? Comparing Fridays for Future and Extinction Rebellion in Germany". Futures. 137. doi:10.1016/j.futures.2022.102904.
  • Demos, T. J. (2020). "Extinction Rebellions". Afterimage. 47 (2): 14–20. doi:10.1525/aft.2020.472004.
  • Fotaki, Marianna; Foroughi, Hamid (2022). "Extinction Rebellion: Green activism and the fantasy of leaderlessness in a decentralized movement". Leadership. 18 (2): 224–246. doi:10.1177/17427150211005578.
  • Furlong, Caitlin; Vignoles, Vivian L (2021). "Social Identification in Collective Climate Activism: Predicting Participation in the Environmental Movement, Extinction Rebellion". Identity. 21 (1): 20–35. doi:10.1080/15283488.2020.1856664.
  • Gunningham, Neil (2019). "Averting Climate Catastrophe: Environmental Activism, Extinction Rebellion and coalitions of Influence". King's Law Journal. 30 (2): 194–202. doi:10.1080/09615768.2019.1645424.
  • Richardson, Benjamin J. (2020). From Student Strikes to the Extinction Rebellion: New Protest Movements Shaping our Future (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 978-1-80088-109-9.
  • Slaven, Mike; Heydon, James (2020). "Crisis, deliberation, and Extinction Rebellion". Critical Studies on Security. 8 (1): 59–62. doi:10.1080/21624887.2020.1735831.
  • Smiles, Tom; Edwards, Gareth A. S. (2021). "How does Extinction Rebellion engage with climate justice? A case study of XR Norwich". Local Environment. 26 (12): 1445–1460. doi:10.1080/13549839.2021.1974367.
  • Stuart, Diana (2020). "Radical Hope: Truth, Virtue, and Hope for What Is Left in Extinction Rebellion". Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics. 33 (3–6): 487–504. doi:10.1007/s10806-020-09835-y.
  • Stuart, Diana (2022). "Tensions between individual and system change in the climate movement: an analysis of Extinction Rebellion". New Political Economy: 1–14. doi:10.1080/13563467.2021.2020740.
  • Westwell, Emily; Bunting, Josh (2020). "The regenerative culture of Extinction Rebellion: self-care, people care, planet care". Environmental Politics. 29 (3): 546–551. doi:10.1080/09644016.2020.1747136.
  • Zantvoort, Fleur (2021). "Movement pedagogies in pandemic times: Extinction Rebellion Netherlands and (un)learning from the margins". Globalizations: 1–14. doi:10.1080/14747731.2021.2009319.

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