Fianna Fáil

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Fianna Fáil
PengasasÉamon de Valera
Ketua PartiMicheál Martin TD
Naib Ketua PartiDara Calleary TD
Setiausaha AgungSeán Dorgan
PengerusiBrendan Smith TD
Ketua SeanadSenator Catherine Ardagh
SloganAn Ireland for All
Diasaskan23 Mac 1926 (1926-03-23)
PecahanSinn Féin[1]
Ibu pejabat65–66 Lower Mount Street, Dublin 2,
D02 NX40, Ireland
Sayap beliaÓgra Fianna Fáil
Keahlian  (2016)20,000[2]
Ideologi
Kedudukan politikTengah[11][12][13][14] ke
Tengah kanan[15][16][17]
Penggabungan antarabangsaLiberal International
Penggabungan EropahAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Kumpulan Parlimen EropahAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Warna rasmi     Hijau
Dáil Éireann
44 / 158
Seanad Éireann
13 / 60
Parlimen Eropah
1 / 11
Pemerintah tempatan dalam Republik Ireland
262 / 949
Tapak web
fiannafail.ie
Politik Republik Ireland
Parti politik
Pilihan raya
Politik Ireland Utara
Parti politik
Pilihan raya

Fianna Fáil ([fiĕ-nĕ faal] / [ˌfʲiən̪ˠə ˈfˠaːlʲ], "Pahlawan-Pahlawan Fál[nota 1]"),[18] nama rasminya Fianna Fáil – The Republican Party[19] (Bahasa Ireland: Fianna Fáil – An Páirtí Poblachtánach,[20][4][5][6][21] "Fianna Fáil – Parti Republikan") ialah sebuah parti politik Ireland berfahaman konservatisme liberal berhaluan tengah kanan.

Ia ditubuhkan oleh Éamon de Valera dan para penyokongannya selepas berpisah dari Sinn Féin atas perselisihan faham mengenai isu abstensionisme[22] berikutan berlakunya Perang Saudara Ireland.

Ideologi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Fianna Fáil dilihat sebagai berfahaman konservatif tetapi juga berpendirian nasionalis.[3][4][6] Ia menunjukkan diriia sebagai suatu parti yang merentasi fahaman (big tent atau "broad church",[23] serta tuurt meraih sokongan kelas sosial bawahan.[24][25] Platform parti ini turut menekankan beberapa aspek utama yang wujud secara konsisten seperti penyatuan politik Ireland, mempertahankan serta menggalakkan penggunaan luas bahasa Ireland, serta mengekalkan pendirian berkecuali negara Ireland dalam semua aspek konflik serantau.[26][27]

Ia membentuk pemerintah gabungan bersama parti-parti yang datang baik dari kiri mahupun kanan spektrum politik Ireland antara tahun-tahun 1989 dan 2011.

Kepimpinan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Ketua Parti[sunting | sunting sumber]

Ketua Tempoh
Éamon de Valera 1926–1959
Seán Lemass 1959–1966
Jack Lynch 1966–1979
Charles Haughey 1979–1992
Albert Reynolds 1992–1994
Bertie Ahern 1994–2008
Brian Cowen 2008–2011
Micheál Martin 2011–kini

Ketua dalam Seanad Éireann[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Tempoh
Eoin Ryan Snr 1977–82
Mick Lanigan 1982–90
Seán Fallon 1990–92
G. V. Wright 1992–97
Donie Cassidy 1997–2002
Mary O'Rourke 2002–07
Donie Cassidy 2007–11
Darragh O'Brien 2011–2016
Catherine Ardagh 2016–present

Keputusan pilihan raya[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun pilihan raya Bil. kerusi dimenangi ± Kedudukan Undian pilihan pertama % Keputusan Ketua Parti
Jun 1927
44 / 153
44 Ke-2 299,486 26.2% Pembangkang Éamon de Valera
September 1927
57 / 153
13 Ke-2 411,777 35.2% Pembangkang Éamon de Valera
1932
72 / 153
15 Pertama 566,498 44.5% Pemerintah minoriti (disokong LP) Éamon de Valera
1933
77 / 153
5 Pertama 689,054 49.7% Pemerintah minoriti (disokong LP) Éamon de Valera
1937
69 / 138
8 Pertama 599,040 45.2% Pemerintah minoriti (disokong LP) Éamon de Valera
1938
77 / 138
8 Pertama 667,996 51.9% Pemerintah majoriti Éamon de Valera
1943
67 / 138
10 Pertama 557,525 41.9% Pemerintah minoriti Éamon de Valera
1944
76 / 138
9 Pertama 595,259 48.9% Pemerintah majoriti Éamon de Valera
1948
68 / 147
8 Pertama 553,914 41.9% Pembangkang Éamon de Valera
1951
69 / 147
1 Pertama 616,212 46.3% Pemerintah minoriti (dengan sokongan bebas) Éamon de Valera
1954
65 / 147
4 Pertama 578,960 43.4% Pembangkang Éamon de Valera
1957
78 / 147
13 Pertama 592,994 48.3% Pemerintah majoriti Éamon de Valera
1961
70 / 144
8 Pertama 512,073 43.8% Pemerintah majoriti (dengan sokongan bebas) Seán Lemass
1965
72 / 144
2 Pertama 597,414 47.7% Pemerintah majoriti Seán Lemass
1969
75 / 144
3 Pertama 602,234 45.7% Pemerintah majoriti Jack Lynch
1973
69 / 144
6 Pertama 624,528 46.2% Pembangkang Jack Lynch
1977
84 / 148
15 Pertama 811,615 50.6% Pemerintah majoriti Jack Lynch
1981
78 / 166
6 Pertama 777,616 45.3% Pembangkang Charles Haughey
Februari 1982
81 / 166
3 Pertama 786,951 47.3% Pemerintah minoriti (disokong SFTWP dan puak bebas) Charles Haughey
November 1982
75 / 166
6 Pertama 763,313 45.2% Pembangkang Charles Haughey
1987
81 / 166
6 Pertama 784,547 44.1% Pemerintah minoriti (dengan sokongan bebas) Charles Haughey
1989
77 / 166
4 Pertama 731,472 44.1% Pemerintah gabungan (FF-PD) Charles Haughey
1992
68 / 166
9 Pertama 674,650 39.1% Pemerintah gabungan (FF-LP) Albert Reynolds
Pembangkang (dariDecember 1994)
1997
77 / 166
9 Pertama 703,682 39.3% Pemerintah gabungan (FF-PD) Bertie Ahern
2002
81 / 166
4 Pertama 770,748 41.5% Pemerintah gabungan (FF-PD) Bertie Ahern
2007
77 / 166
4 Pertama 858,565 41.6% Pemerintah gabungan (FF-GP-PD) Bertie Ahern
2011
20 / 166
57 Ke-3 387,358 17.5% Pembangkang Micheál Martin
2016
44 / 158
23 Ke-2 519,356 24.3% Pembangkang (menyokong kerajaan minoriti FG) Micheál Martin

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Fál" merupakan nama lama Ireland, menurut buku Patrick Weston Joyce (1911). The Lia Fail or Coronation Stone of Tara. Dicapai 10 Januari 2011. The third of Tara's wonders was the Lia Fail or Coronation Stone, on which the ancient kings were crowned; and the wonder of this was that it uttered a shout whenever a king of the true Scotic or Irish race stood or sat on it. And it was from this stone that Ireland received the old poetical name of Inisfail, that is, the Island of the (Lia) Fail. ... The story of the removal of the Lia Fail to Scotland rests entirely on the authority of the Scottish historians. The oldest Scottish document to which it can be traced is the Rhythmical Chronicle, written it is believed at the close of the thirteenth century, from which it was borrowed later on by the two Scottish writers, John of Fordun and Hector Boece, and incorporated by both in their chronicles—those chronicles which are now universally rejected as fable. Our own countryman Geoffrey Keating, writing his history of Ireland in the seventeenth century, adopted the story after Boece (whom he gives as his authority for the prophecy); and it has been repeated by most other writers of Irish history since his time. But in no Irish authority before the time of Keating is there any mention either of the removal of the stone, or of the prophecy concerning it. 

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Fianna Fail". UCD.ie. 16 May 1926. Dicapai 16 Januari 2014. 
  2. ^ "Fine Gael top the poll when it comes to members' fees". Dicapai 1 October 2017. 
  3. ^ a b T. Banchoff (1999). Legitimacy and the European Union. Taylor & Francis. m/s. 130. ISBN 978-0-415-18188-4. Dicapai 19 Oktober 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c George A. Kourvetaris; Andreas Moschonas (1996). The Impact of European Integration: Political, Sociological, and Economic Changes. Greenwood Publishing Group. m/s. 208. ISBN 978-0-275-95356-0. Dicapai 26 Ogos 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Scanlan, Margaret (2006). Culture and Customs of Ireland. Greenwood Publishing Group. m/s. 74. ISBN 978-0-313-33162-6. Dicapai 26 Ogos 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c Ian Budge; David Robertson; Derek Hearl (1987). Ideology, Strategy and Party Change: Spatial Analyses of Post-War Election Programmes in 19 Democracies. Cambridge University Press. m/s. 137. ISBN 978-0-521-30648-5. Dicapai 26 August 2012. 
  7. ^ "Beyond the yin and yang of Fine Gael and Fianna Fáil". Februari 2016. Dicapai 26 Februaro 2016.  Check date values in: |access-date= (bantuan)
  8. ^ "Irish Political Studies". 
  9. ^ "About Fianna Fáil". Fianna Fáil. Dicapai 1 October 2017. 
  10. ^ Aodha, Gráinne Ní. "Fianna Fáil's plans for North-South reunification get cautious welcome from Sinn Féin". Dicapai 1 October 2017. 
  11. ^ HRM in Europe. Human Resource Management in Europe. p.39. Edited by Chris Brewster, Wolfgang Mayrhofer and Michael Morley. Published by Routledge and Elsevier in Amsterdam. First published in 2004. Retrieved 18 July 2017, via Google Books.
  12. ^ Fianna Fail on election footing now, says Martin. Irish Independent. Author - Daniel McConnell. Published 1 January 2015. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  13. ^ Micheal Martin to replace Brian Cowen as Fianna Fail leader. The Telegraph. Published 26 January 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  14. ^ Weakened Irish PM faces delicate balancing act. EUobserver. Author - Shona Murray. Published 12 May 2016. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  15. ^ George Taylor; Brendan Flynn (2008). "The Irish Greens". dalam E. Gene Frankland; Paul Lucardie; Benoît Rihoux. Green Parties in Transition: The End of Grass-roots Democracy?. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. m/s. 97. ISBN 978-0-7546-7429-0. 
  16. ^ John Barlow; David Farnham; Sylvia Horton; F.F. Ridley (2016). "Comparing Public Managers". dalam David Farnham; Annie Hondeghem; Sylvia Horton; John Barlow. New Public Managers in Europe: Public Servants in Transition. Springer. m/s. 19. ISBN 978-1-349-13947-7. 
  17. ^ Titley, Gavan (24 February 2011). "Beyond the yin and yang of Fine Gael and Fianna Fáil". The Guardian. London. 
  18. ^ Ó Dónaill, Niall (1977). (advisory ed. Tomás de Bhaldraithe), penyunting. Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla (dalam bahasa Ireland). Dublin: An Gúm. m/s. 512, 540. ISBN 1-85791-037-0. ,
  19. ^ "About Fianna Fáil". Fianna Fáil. Dicapai 26 Januari 2016. The party's name incorporates the words 'The Republican Party' in its title. 
  20. ^ T. Banchoff (1999). Legitimacy and the European Union. Taylor & Francis. m/s. 127. ISBN 978-0-415-18188-4. Dicapai 26 Ogos 2012. 
  21. ^ Hans Slomp (2011). Europe, a Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics. ABC-CLIO. m/s. 333. ISBN 978-0-313-39181-1. 
  22. ^ "History of Fianna Fáil". fiannafail.ie. Dicapai 3 Jun 2017. 
  23. ^ Tom Garvin (2005). Preventing the Future: Why was Ireland so Poor for so Long?. Gill and Macmillan. m/s. 208. ISBN 0717139700. Dicapai 3 Jun 2017. 
  24. ^ "Micheal Martin elected as eighth leader of Fianna Fáil". The Irish Times. 26 Januari 2011. 
  25. ^ Cowen, Barry (26 Mei 2011). "Cowen Calls on Government to resist OECD right wing agenda". Fianna Fáil. Dicapai 24 Jun 2013. 
  26. ^ "About Fianna Fáil". Fianna Fáil. Dicapai 5 Jun 2017. 
  27. ^ "Fianna Fáil". Britannica.com. Dicapai 5 Jun 2017. 

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