Ireland

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Koordinat: 53°20′N 08°00′W / 53.333°N 8.000°W / 53.333; -8.000

Ireland

Nama asli:
Bahasa Ireland: Éire; English: Ireland;
Ulster-Scots:

Airlann
Ireland from space edit.jpg
Imej warna sebenar pulau Ireland seperti yang dilihat dari angkasa dengan Lautan Atlantik di baratnya dan Laut Ireland di timurnya.
Ireland (island) in Europe.png
Geografi
Lokasi Northern Europe or Western Europe[1]
Luas  (20th)
Titik tertinggi Carrauntoohil ()
Negara
Bandar raya terbesar Dublin
Constituent Country Northern Ireland
Bandar raya terbesar Belfast
Demografi
Jumlah penduduk 6,399,152[2] (setakat 2011)
Kelompok etnik Irish, Irish Travellers[Note 1]

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Ireland (Dengari/ˈaɪərlənd/, Templat:IPA-endia; Bahasa Ireland: Éire Templat:IPA-ga; Ulster-Scots: Airlann or Airlan) ialah sebuah pulau di barat laut benua Eropah.

Secara politik, ia terbahagi kepada Republik Ireland dan Ireland Utara (sebahagian United Kingdom).

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Irish Travellers are an officially recognised ethnic group in Northern Ireland under the Race Relations (Northern Ireland) Order, 1997. In the Republic of Ireland they are classed as a "social group". Census forms in both jurisdictions contain tick-boxes for respondents to describes themselves as being an Irish Traveller. For more information see:

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. "The World Factbook". Central Intelligence Agency (USA). 27 November 2009. Dicapai pada 2010-01-01.  Check date values in: |date= (bantuan)
  2. Historial Population Trends - 1841 - 2011, NISRA

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Arnold, Bruce (1977). Irish Art: A Concise History. London: Thames & Hudson. p. 180. ISBN 0-500-20148-X. 
  • Becker, Annette; Wang, Wilfried (1997). 20th-century Architecture: Ireland. Munich: Prestel. p. 198. ISBN 3-7913-1719-9.  Petik meggunakan parameter |coauthors= dikecam (bantuan)
  • Collins, Neil; Cradden, Terry (2001). Irish Politics Today. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press. p. 163. ISBN 0-7190-6174-1.  Petik meggunakan parameter |coauthors= dikecam (bantuan)
  • Cullinane, J.P. (1973). Phycology of the south coast of Ireland. University College Cork. 
  • Dennison, Gabriel; Ni Fhloinn, Baibre (1994). Traditional Architecture in Ireland. Dublin: Environmental Institute, University College Dublin. p. 94. ISBN 1-898473-09-9.  Petik meggunakan parameter |coauthors= dikecam (bantuan)
  • Dooney, Sean; O'Toole, John (1992). Irish Government Today. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan. p. 247. ISBN 0-7171-1703-0.  Petik meggunakan parameter |coauthors= dikecam (bantuan)
  • Ellis, Steven G. (1921). The Story of the Irish Race: A Popular History of Ireland. Ireland: The Irish Publishing Co. p. 768. ISBN 0-517-06408-1. 
  • Fairley, J.S. (1975). An Irish Beast Book. A Natural History of Ireland's Furred Wildlife. Blackstaff Press, Belfast. ISBN 0-85640-090-4. 
  • Foster, Robert Fitzroy (1988). Modern Ireland, 1600–1972. Penguin Books. p. 688. ISBN 0-7139-9010-4. 
  • Hackney, P. Ed. (1992). Stewart and Corry's Flora of the North-east of Ireland. Belfast: Institute of Irish Studies, The Queen's University. ISBN 0-85389-446-9. 
  • Haigh, A.; Lawton, C. (2007). "Wild mammals of an Irish urban forest". The Irish Naturalists' Journal (Belfast: I.N.J. Committee) 28 (10): 395–403. ISSN 0021-1311.  Petik meggunakan parameter |coauthors= dikecam (bantuan)
  • Hardy, F.G.; Guiry, M.D. (2006). A Check-list and Atlas of the Seaweeds of Britain and Ireland (edisi revised). London: British Phycological Society, available from Koeltz Books, Germany. pp. x + 435. ISBN 3-906166-35-X. 
  • Herm, Gerhard (2002). The Celts. Ireland: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-31343-8. 
  • Knowles, M.C. (1929). "The Lichens of Ireland". Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 38: 179– 434. 
  • Morton, O. (1994). Marine Algae of Northern Ireland. Ulster Museum. ISBN 0-900761-28-8. 
  • Morton, O. (2003). "The marine algae macroalgae of County Donegal, Ireland". Bulletin Irish biogeog. Society 27: 3–164. 
  • Nunn, J.D. (2002). Marine Biodiversity in Ireland and Adjacent Waters. Proceedings of a Conference 26–27 April 2001 (edisi Publication no. 8). Belfast: Ulster Museum. 
  • O'Croinin, Daibhi (2005). Prehistoric and Early Ireland. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. p. 1219. ISBN 0-19-821737-4. 
  • Ó Gráda, Cormac (1997). A Rocky Road: The Irish Economy Since the 1920s. Manchester University Press. p. 246. ISBN 0-7190-4584-3. 
  • Oppenheimer, Stephen (2006). Origins of the British: A Genetic Detective Story. New York: Carroll & Graf. p. 534. ISBN 0-7867-1890-0. 
  • O'Rahilly, T. F. (1947). Early Irish History and Mythology. US: Medieval Academy of America. 
  • Scannell, Mary J.P.; Synnott, Donal M. (1972). Census catalogue of the flora of Ireland. Dublin: Department of Agriculture & Fisheries.  Petik meggunakan parameter |coauthors= dikecam (bantuan)
  • Seaward, M.R.D. (1984). "Census Catalogue of Irish Lichens". Glasra 8: 1–32. 
  • Woodcock, N.H.; Strachan, Robin A. (2000). Geological History of Britain and Ireland. Hoboken, New Jersey: Blackwell Publishing. p. 423. ISBN 0-632-03656-7.  Petik meggunakan parameter |coauthors= dikecam (bantuan); Pautan luar dalam |publisher= (bantuan)
  • Wallis, Geoff; Wilson, Sue (2001). The Rough Guide to Irish Music. Rough Guides. p. 599. ISBN 1-85828-642-5.  Petik meggunakan parameter |coauthors= dikecam (bantuan)

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