Galeazzo Ciano

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Galeazzo Ciano
Galeazzo Ciano 2.jpg

Tempoh jawatan
9 Jun 1936 – 6 Februari 1943
Duce Benito Mussolini
Didahului oleh Benito Mussolini
Diganti oleh Benito Mussolini

Tempoh jawatan
23 Jun 1935 – 5 September 1935
Duce Benito Mussolini
Didahului oleh Jawatan diwujudkan
Diganti oleh Dino Alfieri

Setiausaha Rendah Akhbar dan Propaganda
Tempoh jawatan
6 September 1934 – 26 Jun 1935
Duce Benito Mussolini
Didahului oleh Jawatan diwujudkan
Diganti oleh Jawatan dimansuhkan

Ketua Pejabat Akhbar Kerajaan
Tempoh jawatan
Ogos 1933 – 4 September 1934
Duce Benito Mussolini
Didahului oleh Gaetano Polverelli
Diganti oleh Jawatan dimansuhkan

Lahir (1903-03-18)18 Mac 1903
Livorno, Tuscany, Itali
Meninggal dunia 11 Januari 1944(1944-01-11) (umur 40)
Verona, Republik Sosial Itali
Parti politik Parti Fasis Nasional (PNF)
Pasangan Edda Mussolini (kahwin 1930) «start: (1930-04-24)»"Marriage: Edda Mussolini to Galeazzo Ciano" Location: (linkback://ms.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galeazzo_Ciano)
Anak 3
Profesion
  • Diplomat
  • ahli politik
Agama Roman Katolik

Gian Galeazzo Ciano, Count Ke-2 Cortellazzo dan Buccari (sebutan bahasa Itali: [ɡale'attso ˈtʃaːno]; 18 Mac 1903 – 11 Januari 1944) adalah Menteri Luar Negeri Fasis Itali dari tahun 1936 hingga 1943 dan merupakan menantu kepada Benito Mussolini. Pada 11 Januari 1944, Count Ciano telah dihukum bunuh oleh skuad penembak di atas perintah bapa mertuanya, Mussolini, setelah mendapat tekanan dari Jerman Nazi.[1] Ciano menulis dan meninggalkan sebuah diari[2] yang digunakan sebagai sumber oleh beberapa ahli sejarah, termasuk William Shirer didalam The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich dan didalam drama dokumentari 4-jam HBO Mussolini and I.

Dalam budaya popular[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • A number of films have depicted Ciano's life, including The Verona Trial (1962) by Carlo Lizzani, where he is played by Frank Wolff and Mussolini and I (1985) in which he was played by Anthony Hopkins.
  • Raúl Juliá played Ciano in the 1985 television mini-series, Mussolini: The Untold Story.
  • In Serbia there is proverb : "Living like Count Ciano" - describing a flamboyant and luxurious life (Živi ko grof Ćano/Живи ко гроф Ћано)
  • Ciano's diaries were published in 1946 and were used by the prosecution against Hitler's Foreign Minister, Joachim von Ribbentrop, during the post-war Nuremberg Trials.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Moseley, Ray (2004). Mussolini : the last 600 days of il Duce (edisi 1.). Dallas: Taylor Trade Publ. m/s. 79. ISBN 1589790952. 
  2. ^ Ciano, Galeazzo (2002). Diary, 1937-1943 (edisi 1st complete and unabridged English). New York: Enigma Books. ISBN 1929631022. 

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Galeazzo Ciano, Ciano's Diary, 1939-1943, edited and with an introduction by Malcolm Muggeridge, foreword by Sumner Welles, translated by V. Umberto Coletti-Perucca, London and Toronto: William Heinemann Ltd., (1947).
  • Ciano's diplomatic papers: being a record of nearly 200 conversations held during the years 1936–42 with Hitler, Mussolini, Franco; together with important memoranda, letters, telegrams etc. / edited by Malcolm Muggeridge; translated by Stuart Hood, London: Odhams Press, (1948).
  • Galeazzo Ciano, Diary 1937–1943, Preface by Renzo De Felice (Professor of History University of Rome) and original introduction by Sumner Welles (U.S. Under Secretary of State 1937–1943), translated by Robert L. Miller (Enigma Books, 2002), ISBN 1-929631-02-2
  • The Ciano Diaries 1939–1943: The Complete, Unabridged Diaries of Count Galeazzo Ciano, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1936–1943 (2000) ISBN 1-931313-74-1
  • Giordano Bruno Guerri – Un amore fascista. Benito, Edda e Galeazzo. (Mondadori, 2005) ISBN 88-04-53467-2
  • Чиано Галеаццо, Дневник фашиста. 1939–1943, (Москва: Издательство "Плацъ", Серия "Первоисточники новейшей истории", 2010, 676 стр.) ISBN 978-5-903514-02-1
  • Ray Moseley – Mussolini's Shadow: The Double Life of Count Galeazzo Ciano, (Yale University Press, 1999) ISBN 0-300-07917-6
  • R.J.B. Bosworth – Mussolini (Hodder Arnold, 2002) ISBN 0-340-73144-3
  • Michael Salter and Lorie Charlesworth – "Ribbentrop and the Ciano Diaries at the Nuremberg Trial" in Journal of International Criminal Justice 2006 4(1):103–127 doi:10.1093/jicj/mqi095
  • Fabrizio Ciano – Quando il nonno fece fucilare papà ("When Grandpa had Daddy Shot"). Milano: Mondadori, 1991.
  • "Galeazzo Ciano’s Last Reflections before Execution." World War II Today RSS. Accessed 25 March 2015.
  • "Galeazzo Ciano - a Summary - History in an Hour." History in an Hour. 10 January 2014. Accessed 25 March 2015.
  • "Gian Galeazzo Ciano - Comando Supremo." Comando Supremo. 14 February 2010. Accessed 25 March 2015.
  • "The Ciano Papers: Rose Garden." Central Intelligence Agency. 4 August 2011. Accessed 25 March 2015.

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bangsawan Itali
Didahului oleh
Costanzo Ciano
Count of Cortellazzo and Buccari
1939–1944
Diikuti oleh:
Fabrizio Ciano
Pejabat-pejabat kerajaan
Didahului oleh
Gaetano Polverelli
Ketua Pejabat Akhbar Kerajaan
1933–1934
Diikuti oleh:
Tiada (Jawatan dimansuhkan)
Sendiri sebagai
Setiausaha Rendah Akhbar dan Propaganda
Didahului oleh
Tiada (Jawatan diwujudkan)
Setiausaha Rendah Akhbar dan Propaganda
1934–1935
Diikuti oleh:
Tiada (Jawatan dimansuhkan)
Sendiri sebagai
Menteri Akhbar dan Propaganda
Didahului oleh
Tiada (Jawatan diwujudkan)
Menteri Akhbar dan Propaganda
1935
Diikuti oleh:
Dino Alfieri
Didahului oleh
Benito Mussolini
Menteri Luar Negeri
1936–1943
Diikuti oleh:
Benito Mussolini

Templat:Menteri Luar Negeri Itali Templat:Kabinet Mussolini