James Stewart

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James Stewart
Annex - Stewart, James (Call Northside 777) 01.jpg
Stewart, 1948
KelahiranJames Maitland Stewart
(1908-05-20)20 Mei 1908
Indiana, Pennsylvania, A.S.
Meninggal dunia2 Julai 1997(1997-07-02) (umur 89)
Beverly Hills, California, A.S.
Sebab kematianEmbolisme pulmonari[1]
DikebumikanForest Lawn, Glendale, California
Nama lainJimmy Stewart
Pusat pendidikanUniversiti Princeton (B.A., 1932)
PekerjaanPelakon, Pegawai tentera
Tahun aktif1932–1991
Karya terkenalMr. Smith Goes to Washington, The Philadelphia Story, It's a Wonderful Life, Rear Window, Strategic Air Command, Vertigo, The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance.
Parti politikRepublikan
PasanganGloria Hatrick McLean (k. 1949; m. 1994)
Anak4
AnugerahPencapaian Seumur Hidup Akademi (1985)
Pelakon Lelaki Terbaik Anugerah Akademi (1941)
Anugerah Cecil B. DeMille Golden Globe (1965)
Pelakon Lelaki Terbaik - Drama Siri Televisyen Golden Globe (1974)

James Maitland Stewart (20 Mei 1908 – 2 Julai, 1997) merupakan pelakon dan pegawai tentera Amerika Syarikat. Beliau pernah dicalonkan sebanyak lima kali dalam Anugerah Akademi dan pernah memenangi sekali menerusi The Philadelphia Story (1940) selain menerima Anugerah Pencapaian Seumur Hidup oleh Anugerah Akademi pada tahun 1985.

Beliau juga merupakan veteran dan juruterbang Perang Dunia Kedua dan Perang Vietnam yang dinaikkan pangkat Brigadier Jeneral di Rizab Tentera Udara Amerika Syarikat dan menjadi pelakon dengan pangkat tentera tertinggi dalam sejarah.[2]

Pada tahun 1999, Steward dinamakan sebagai legenda lelaki terhebat dalam era emas Hollywood oleh American Film Institute di belakang Humphrey Bogart dan Cary Grant.[3]

Filemografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Filem Peranan Pengarah Nota
1935 The Murder Man Shorty Tim Whelan
1936 Rose Marie John Flower W. S. Van Dyke
Next Time We Love Christopher Tyler Edward H. Griffith
Wife vs. Secretary Dave Clarence Brown
Small Town Girl Elmer Clampett William A. Wellman
Speed Terry Martin Edwin L. Marin Peranan pertama
The Gorgeous Hussy Roderick "Rowdy" Dow Clarence Brown
Born to Dance Ted Barker Roy Del Ruth
After the Thin Man David Graham W. S. Van Dyke
1937 Seventh Heaven Chico Henry King
The Last Gangster Paul North Sr. Edward Ludwig Judul lain: Another Public Enemy
Navy Blue and Gold John "Truck" Cross/John Cross Carter Sam Wood
1938 Of Human Hearts Jason Wilkins Clarence Brown
Vivacious Lady Prof. Peter Morgan Jr. George Stevens
The Shopworn Angel Pvt. William "Texas" Pettigrew H. C. Potter
You Can't Take It with You Tony Kirby Frank Capra
1939 Made for Each Other John Horace "Johnny" Mason John Cromwell
The Ice Follies of 1939 Larry Hall Reinhold Schünzel
It's a Wonderful World Guy Johnson W. S. Van Dyke
Mr. Smith Goes to Washington[I] Jefferson Smith Frank Capra New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Pencalonan – Pelakon Lelaki Terbaik Anugerah Akademi
Destry Rides Again[I] Thomas Jefferson Destry Jr. George Marshall
1940 The Shop Around the Corner[I] Alfred Kralik Ernst Lubitsch
The Mortal Storm Martin Breitner Frank Borzage
No Time for Comedy Gaylord "Gay" Esterbrook William Keighley
The Philadelphia Story[I] Macaulay "Mike" Connor George Cukor Pelakon Lelaki Terbaik Anugerah Akademi
1941 Come Live with Me Bill Smith Clarence Brown
Pot o' Gold James Hamilton "Jimmy" Haskel George Marshall
Ziegfeld Girl Gilbert "Gil" Young Robert Z. Leonard Filem terakhir sebelum terlibat dalam Perang Dunia II
1946 It's a Wonderful Life[I] George Bailey Frank Capra Pencalonan – Pelakon Lelaki Terbaik Anugerah Akademi
1947 Magic Town Lawrence "Rip" Smith William A. Wellman
1948 Call Northside 777 P.J. McNeal Henry Hathaway
On Our Merry Way Slim King Vidor
Leslie Fenton
John Huston
George Stevens
Rope Rupert Cadell Alfred Hitchcock
You Gotta Stay Happy Marvin Payne H.C. Potter
1949 The Stratton Story Monty Stratton Sam Wood
Malaya John Royer Richard Thorpe
1950 Winchester '73 Lin McAdam Anthony Mann
Broken Arrow Tom Jeffords Delmer Daves
Harvey Elwood P. Dowd Henry Koster Pencalonan – Pelakon Lelaki Terbaik Anugerah Akademi
Pencalonan – Pelakon lelaki Terbaik Anugerah Golden Globe
The Jackpot William J. 'Bill' Lawrence Walter Lang
1951 No Highway in the Sky Theodore Honey Henry Koster
1952 The Greatest Show on Earth Buttons Cecil B. DeMille
Bend of the River Glyn McLyntock Anthony Mann
Carbine Williams David Marshall "Marsh" Williams Richard Thorpe
1953 The Naked Spur[I] Howard Kemp Anthony Mann
Thunder Bay Steve Martin Anthony Mann
1954 The Glenn Miller Story Glenn Miller Anthony Mann Pencalonan – Pelakon Lelaki Terbaik BAFTA
The Far Country Jeff Webster Anthony Mann
Rear Window[I] L.B. "Jeff" Jeffries Alfred Hitchcock
1955 The Man from Laramie Will Lockhart Anthony Mann
Strategic Air Command Lt. Col. Robert "Dutch" Holland Anthony Mann
1956 The Man Who Knew Too Much Dr. Ben McKenna Alfred Hitchcock
1957 The Spirit of St. Louis Charles Lindbergh Billy Wilder
Night Passage Grant McLaine James Neilson
1958 Vertigo[I] Det. John "Scottie" Ferguson Alfred Hitchcock Pelakon Lelaki Terbaik Festival Filem Antarabangsa San Sebastián
Bell, Book and Candle Shepherd "Shep" Henderson Richard Quine
1959 Anatomy of a Murder Paul Biegler Otto Preminger Laurel Award for Top Male Dramatic Performance
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Venice Film FestivalVolpi Cup
Pencalonan – Pelakon Lelaki Terbaik Anugerah Akademi
Pencalonan – Pelakon Lelaki Terbaik BAFTA
The FBI Story John Michael "Chip" Hardesty Mervyn LeRoy
1960 The Mountain Road Major Baldwin Daniel Mann
1961 Two Rode Together Marshal Guthrie McCabe John Ford Pencalonan – Anugerah Laurel (tempat ketiga)
1962 The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance[I] Ransom Stoddard John Ford
Mr. Hobbs Takes a Vacation Roger Hobbs Henry Koster Pelakon Lelaki Terbaik Silver Bear
Pencalonan – Pelakon Lelaki Terbaik Anugerah Golden Globe
Pencalonan – Anugerah Laurel(tempat ketiga)
How the West Was Won[I] Linus Rawlings Henry Hathaway
1963 Take Her, She's Mine Frank Michaelson Henry Koster Pencalonan – Anugerah Laurel (tempat keempat)
1964 Cheyenne Autumn Wyatt Earp John Ford
1965 Dear Brigitte Prof. Robert Leaf Henry Koster
Shenandoah Charlie Anderson Andrew McLaglen
The Flight of the Phoenix Capt. Frank Towns Robert Aldrich
1966 The Rare Breed Sam Burnett Andrew McLaglen
1968 Firecreek Johnny Cobb Vincent McEveety
Bandolero! Mace Bishop Andrew McLaglen
1970 The Cheyenne Social Club John O'Hanlan Gene Kelly
1971 Fools' Parade Mattie Appleyard Andrew McLaglen Judul lain: Dynamite Man from Glory Jail
1976 The Shootist Dr. E.W. Hostetler Don Siegel
1977 Airport '77 Philip Stevens Jerry Jameson
1978 The Big Sleep General Sternwood Michael Winner
The Magic of Lassie Clovis Mitchell Don Chaffey
1980 The Green Horizon The Old Man Susumu Hani Judul lain: A Tale of Africa
1991 An American Tail: Fievel Goes West Wylie Burp Phil Nibbelink
Simon Wells
Suara (peranan filem terakhir)
  I denotes film preservation in the United States National Film Registry.


Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sitasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "James Stewart, the Hesitant Hero, Dies at 89". The New York Times. July 3, 1997. 
  2. ^ Smith, Lynn (March 30, 2003). "In Supporting Roles". Los Angeles Times. m/s. 193. 
  3. ^ "AFI's 100 Years ... 100 Stars". American Film Institute (Afi.com). June 16, 1999. Dicapai June 22, 2013. 

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Beaver, Jim. "James Stewart". Films in Review, October 1980.
  • Bowman, Martin. B-24 Liberator 1939–1945, London: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979 ISBN 978-0-52881-538-6.
  • Coe, Jonathan. James Stewart: Leading Man. London: Bloomsbury, 1994. ISBN 978-0-14029-467-5.
  • Collins, Thomas W. Jr."Stewart, James". American National Biography Online. Retrieved February 18, 2007.
  • Cox, Stephen. It's a Wonderful Life: A Memory Book. Nashville, Tennessee: Cumberland House, 2003. ISBN 978-1-58182-337-0.
  • Eliot, Mark. Jimmy Stewart: A Biography. New York: Random House, 2006. ISBN 978-1-40005-222-6.
  • Fonda, Henry as told to Howard Teichmann. Fonda: My Life. New York: A Signet Book, New American Library, 1981. ISBN 0-451-11858-8.
  • Houghton, Norris. But Not Forgotten: The Adventure of the University Players. New York: William Sloane Associates, 1951.
  • Jackson, Kenneth T., Karen Markoe and Arnie Markoe. The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives (5). New York: Simon and Schuster, 1998. ISBN 0-684-80663-0.
  • Jones, Ken D., Arthur F. McClure and Alfred E. Twomey. The Films of James Stewart. New York: Castle Books, 1970.
  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Washington, D.C.: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1
  • McGowan, Helene. James Stewart. London: Bison Group, 1992, ISBN 0-86124-925-9.
  • McGowan, Sam. "From Private to Colonel". WWII History, Volume 11, July 2012, pp. 40–47.
  • Pickard, Roy. Jimmy Stewart: A Life in Film. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992. ISBN 0-312-08828-0.
  • Prendergast, Tom and Sara, eds. "Stewart, James". International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers, 4th edition. London: St. James Press, 2000. ISBN 1-55862-450-3.
  • Prendergast, Tom and Sara, eds. "Stewart, James". St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, 5th edition. London: St. James Press, 2000. ISBN 1-55862-529-1.
  • Robbins, Jhan. Everybody's Man: A Biography of Jimmy Stewart. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1985. ISBN 0-399-12973-1.
  • Smith, Starr. Jimmy Stewart: Bomber Pilot. St. Paul, Minnesota: Zenith Press, 2005. ISBN 0-7603-2199-X.
  • Thomas, Tony. A Wonderful Life: The Films and Career of James Stewart. Secaucus, New Jersey: Citadel Press, 1988. ISBN 0-8065-1081-1.
  • Wayne, Jane Ellen.The Leading Men of MGM. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, 2004. ISBN 0-7867-1475-1.
  • Wright, Stuart J. An Emotional Gauntlet: From Life in Peacetime America to the War in European Skies—A History of 453rd Bomb Group Crews. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press, 2004. ISBN 0-299-20520-7.

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