Malam Kedua Belas (hari cuti)

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Malam Kedua Belas
Pesta Malam Kedua Belas Mervyn Clitheroe,
oleh "Phiz"
Juga dipanggilMalam Penampakan Tuhan
Diamalkan padaKristian
Kepentinganmalam sebelum Penampakan Tuhan
Diamalkan oleh
Tarikh5 atau 6 Januari
Berkaitan dengan

Malam Kedua Belas (juga dikenali sebagai Malam Penampakan Tuhan) ialah perayaan dalam beberapa cabang agama Kristian yang berlangsung pada malam terakhir Dua Belas Hari Natal, menandakan ketibaan Penampakan Tuhan.[1] Tradisi berbeza menandakan tarikh Malam Kedua Belas sebagai sama ada 5 Januari atau 6 Januari, bergantung kepada sama ada pengiraan bermula pada hari Natal atau 26 Disember.

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Ralat petik: Tag <ref> tidak sah; teks bagi rujukan Hatch1978 tidak disediakan

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • "Christmas". Catholic Encyclopedia. Dicapai pada 22 December 2005. Primarily subhead Popular Merrymaking under Liturgy and Custom.
  • Christmas Trivia edited by Jennie Miller Helderman, Mary Caulkins. Gramercy, 2002
  • Marix-Evans, Martin. The Twelve Days of Christmas. Peter Pauper Press, 2002
  • Bowler, Gerry. The World Encyclopedia of Christmas. McClelland & Stewart, 2004
  • Collins, Ace. Stories Behind the Great Traditions of Christmas. Zondervan, 2003
  • Wells, Robin Headlam. Shakespeare's Humanism. Cambridge University Press, 2006
  • Fosbrooke, Thomas Dudley c. 1810, Encyclopaedia of Antiquities (Publisher unknown)
  • J. Brand, 1813, Popular Antiquities, 2 Vols (London)
  • W. Hone, 1830, The Every-Day Book 3 Vols (London), cf Vol I pp 41–61.

Sumber awal Inggeris[sunting | sunting sumber]

(drawn from Hone's Every-Day Book, references as found):

  • Vox Graculi, 4to, 1623: 6 January, Masking in the Strand, Cheapside, Holbourne, or Fleet-street (London), and eating of spice-bread.
  • The Popish Kingdom, 'Naogeorgus': Baking of the twelfth-cake with a penny in it, the slices distributed to members of the household to give to the poor: whoever finds the penny is proclaimed king among them.
  • Nichols, Queen Elizabeth's Progresses: An entertainment at Sudley, temp. Elizabeth I, including Melibaeus king of the bean, and Nisa, queen of the pea.
  • Pinkerton, Ancient Scottish Poems: Letter from Sir Thomas Randolph to Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester dated 15 January 1563, mentioning that Lady Flemyng was Queen of the Beene on Twelfth-Day that year.
  • Ben Jonson, Christmas, His Masque (1616, published 1641): A character 'Baby-cake' is attended by an usher carrying a great cake with a beane and a pease.
  • Samuel Pepys, Diaries (1659/60): Epiphany Eve party, selecting of King and Queen by a cake (see King cake).

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]