Orang Tajik

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Tajiks
Тоҷикон
تاجيکان
Jumlah populasi
s. 18–27 juta orang (pelbagai anggaran)
Kawasan ramai penduduk
Afghanistan9,450,000–11,550,000 (2014)
25%[1]
 Tajikistan6,787,000 (2014)[2]
 Uzbekistan
    
1,420,000 (2012, rasmi)
Anggaran tidak rasmi berjulat 8 – 11 juta[3][4][5]
Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan221,725 (2005)[6]
Flag of Russia.svg Rusia201,000[7]
 Amerika Syarikat52,000[8]
 Kazakhstan50,121[9]
 Kyrgyzstan47,500[10]
 China39,642[11]
 Kanada15,870[12]
 Ukraine4,255[13]
Bahasa
Parsi (Dari dan Tajik)
Sekunder: Pashto, Rusia, Uzbek
Agama
Umumnya Islam Sunni[14]

Orang Tajik (Bahasa Parsi: تاجيک، تاجک‎, Tājīk, Tājek; Bahasa Tajik: Тоҷик) ialah sebuah kaum orang Iran penutur bahasa Parsi[15] yang berasal dari Asia Tengah, dan menetap secara utama di Afghanistan, Tajikistan dan Uzbekistan. Orang Tajik merupakan kaum terbesar Tajikistan, dan kedua terbesar di Afghanistan serta Uzbekistan. Mereka bertutur dalam pelbagai dialek bahasa Parsi. Di Tajikistan, sejak bancian Soviet pada 1939, jumlah minoriti Pamir dan Yaghnobi dimasukkan sebagai orang Tajik.[16] Di China, istilah ini digunakan kepada orang Tajik di Xinjiang yang bertutur dalam bahasa Pamir.[17][18] Di Afghanistan pula, orang Pamir dikelaskan sebagai kaum yang berbeza.[19]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Country Factfiles. — Afghanistan, m/s 153. // Atlas. Edisi Keempat. Penyunting: Ben Hoare, Margaret Parrish. Penerbit: Jonathan Metcalf. Pertama kali diterbitkan di Great Britain pada 2001 oleh Dorling Kindersley Limited. London: Dorling Kindersley, 2010, 432 m/s. ISBN 9781405350396 "Population: 28.1 million
    Religions: Sunni Muslim 84%, Shi'a Muslim 15%, other 1%
    Ethnic Mix: Pashtun 38%, Tajik 25%, Hazara 19%, Uzbek, Turkmen, other 18%
    "
  2. ^ "Tajikistan". The World Factbook. Agensi Perisikan Pusat. May 5, 2010. Dicapai pada 2010-05-26.
  3. ^ Richard Foltz (1996). "The Tajiks of Uzbekistan". Central Asian Survey. 15 (2): 213–216. doi:10.1080/02634939608400946.
  4. ^ Karl Cordell, "Ethnicity and Democratisation in the New Europe", Routledge, 1998. m/s. 201: "Consequently, the number of citizens who regard themselves as Tajiks is difficult to determine. Tajikis within and outside of the republic, Samarkand State University (SamGU) academic and international commentators suggest that there may be between six and seven million Tajiks in Uzbekistan, constituting 30% of the republic's 22 million population, rather than the official figure of 4.7% (Foltz 1996;213; Carlisle 1995:88).
  5. ^ Lena Jonson (1976) "Tajikistan in the New Central Asia", I.B.Tauris, m/s. 108: "According to official Uzbek statistics there are slightly over 1 million Tajiks in Uzbekistan or about 3% of the population. The unofficial figure is over 6 million Tajiks. They are concentrated in the Sukhandarya, Samarqand and Bukhara regions."
  6. ^ "Census of Afghans in Pakistan 2005" (PDF). UNHCR. 2005. Dicapai pada 28 May 2019.
  7. ^ Bancian 2010 Rusia
  8. ^ Hanya melibatkan Orang Tajik Afghanistan. United States Census Bureau. "US demographic census". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2020-02-12. Dicapai pada 2008-01-23. Of this number, approximately 65% are Tajiks according to a group of American researchers (Barbara Robson, Juliene Lipson, Farid Younos, Mariam Mehdi). Robson, Barbara and Lipson, Juliene (2002) "Chapter 5(B)- The People: The Tajiks and Other Dari-Speaking Groups" Diarkibkan 2010-01-27 di Wayback Machine The Afghans – their history and culture Cultural Orientation Resource Center, Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, D.C., OCLC 56081073.
  9. ^ "Численность населения Республики Казахстан по отдельным этносам". stat.gov.kz. Dicapai pada 23 August 2021.
  10. ^ "Ethnic composition of the population in Kyrgyzstan 1999–2007" (PDF). Dicapai pada 2012-06-11.
  11. ^ "塔吉克族". www.gov.cn. Dicapai pada 6 December 2016.
  12. ^ Hanya melibatkan orang Tajik Afghanistan. Ethnic origins, 2006 counts, for Canada.
  13. ^ State statistics committee of Ukraine – National composition of population, 2001 census (Ukrainian)
  14. ^ "Tajikistan | People, Religion, History, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica.
  15. ^ C.E. Bosworth; B.G. Fragner (1999). "TĀDJĪK". Encyclopaedia of Islam (ed. CD-ROM Edition v. 1.0). Leiden, The Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill NV.
  16. ^ Suny, Ronald Grigor (2006). "History and Foreign Policy: From Constructed Identities to "Ancient Hatreds" East of the Caspian". Dalam Shaffer, Brenda (penyunting). The Limits of Culture: Islam and Foreign Policy. MIT Press. m/s. 100–110. ISBN 0-262-69321-6.
  17. ^ Arlund, Pamela S. (2006). An Acoustic, Historical, And Developmental Analysis Of Sarikol Tajik Diphthongs. PhD Dissertation. The University of Texas at Arlington. m/s. 191.
  18. ^ Felmy, Sabine (1996). The voice of the nightingale: a personal account of the Wakhi culture in Hunza. Karachi: Oxford University Press. m/s. 4. ISBN 0-19-577599-6.
  19. ^ Minahan, James B. (10 Feb 2014). Ethnic Groups of North, East, and Central Asia: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO.

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