Pelarian Palestin

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Palestin dan pelarian Palestin di bawah jagaan UNRWA
Pelarian (Jun 1946 – Mei 1948): 711,000 (anggaran)[1]
Pelarian tahun 1948 yang masih hidup (2012): 30 hingga 50,000 (anggaran)[2][3]
Keturunan (2012): 4,950,000 (anggaran)[2]
Total (2012): 5,000,000 (anggaran)[2][4][5] For the basis of this figure also see the UNRWA Definition
Wilayah dengan bilangan penduduk signifikan: Genting Gaza, Tebing Barat, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Israel
Bahasa: Arab, Ibrani, bahasa-bahasa lain
Agama: Islam Ahli Sunah, Islam Syiah, Judaisme Ortodoks Greek Katolik Greek, bentuk-bentuk Kristian lain

Pelarian Palestine (mengikut Resolusi PBB 194) pada asalnya merangkumi orang Arab yang tempat tinggal biasa mereka terletak di Israel dan orang Yahudi yang tinggal di Palestin Mandat.[6] Hak mereka untuk pulang diiktiraf dalam Resolusi PBB 194 tahun 1948.[7] Pada hari ini, istilah ini merujuk khusus kepada pewaris keturunan pelarian Arab yang berasal dari Mandat, mengikut definisi UNRWA (United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, Agensi Bantuan dan Kerja Raya PBB untuk Pelarian Palestin di Timur Dekat). Dalam tahun 2012, bilangan pelarian keturunan pelarian Palestin asal, berdasarkan pendaftaran UNRWA, dianggarkan seramai 4,950,000 orang.[2][3][4][5]Bilangan orang pelarian Palestin asal sudah menurun dari 711,000 orang dalam tahun 1950[1] kepada lebih kurang 30 hingga 50,000 orang dalam tahun 2012.

Dalam pertempuran dalam tahun 1948, 85% penduduk Arab Palestin meninggalkan rumah masing-masing, sama ada didorong kekerasan ataupun ketakutan, dan berpindah ke Tebing Barat dan Gaza, dan negara-negara lebanon, Syria dan Jordan.

Bilangan pelarian yang berdaftar dengan UNRWA mengikut negara atau wilayah pada bulan Januari 2010 adalah seperti berikut:

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

Temu ramah tentang pelarian Palestin dalam persembahan radio, This Week In Palestine ("Minggu Ini di Palestin")
  • Bowker, Robert P. G. (2003). Palestinian Refugees: Mythology, Identity, and the Search for Peace. Lynne Rienner Publishers. ISBN 1-58826-202-2
  • Esber, Rosemarie M. (2008) Under the Cover of War: the Zionist Expulsion of the Palestinians. Arabicus Books & Media ISBN 978-0-9815131-7-1
  • Gelber, Yoav (2006). Palestine 1948. Sussex Academic Press. ISBN 1-84519-075-0.
  • Gerson, Allan (1978). Israel, the West Bank and International Law. Routledge. ISBN 0-7146-3091-8
  • McDowall, David (1989). Palestine and Israel: The Uprising and Beyond. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 1-85043-289-9.
  • Morris, Benny (2003). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-00967-7
  • Morris, Benny, 1948: A History of the First Arab-Israeli War, (2009) Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-15112-1
  • Reiter, Yitzhak, National Minority, Regional Majority: Palestinian Arabs Versus Jews in Israel (Syracuse Studies on Peace and Conflict Resolution), (2009) Syracuse Univ Press (Sd). ISBN 978-0-8156-3230-6
  • Pappe, Ilan (2006). The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine, London and New York: Oneworld, 2006. ISBN 1-85168-467-0
  • Segev, Tom (2007) 1967 Israel, The War and the Year that Transformed the Middle East Little Brown ISBN 978-0-316-72478-4
  • Seliktar, Ofira (2002). Divided We Stand: American Jews, Israel, and the Peace Process. Praeger/Greenwood. ISBN 0-275-97408-1

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b "General Progress Report and Supplementary Report of the United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine, Covering the Period from 11 December 1949 to 23 October 1950". United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine. 1950. Dicapai pada 2007-11-20. 
  2. ^ a b c d "[U.S.] Deputy Secretary of State Tom Nides (..) affirmed the State Department’s view on the number of Palestinian refugees (..) that the UN and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) “provides essential services for approximately 5 million refugees,” (..) Middle East Forum founder Daniel Pipes recently noted in an op-ed for Israel Hayom that only 1 percent of the refugees served by UNRWA fit the agency’s definition of “people whose normal place of residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948, who lost both their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict.” The other 99 percent are descendants of refugees."Nides, Tom (U.S. Deputy Secretary of State ) and Daniel Pipes and. "U.S. State Department Affirms Support for 5 Million 'Palestinian Refugees'". News. Algemeiner.com. Dicapai pada 31 May 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "According to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency – the main body tasked with providing assistance to Palestinian refugees – there are more than 5 million refugees at present. However, the number of Palestinians alive who were personally displaced during Israel’s War of Independence is estimated to be around 30,000."US Senate dramatically scales down definition of Palestinian ‘refugees’
  4. ^ a b "Total registered refugees per country and area" (PDF). United Nations. 2008. Diarkibkan daripada original (PDF) pada 2008-07-23. Dicapai pada 2009-09-23. 
  5. ^ a b "Who are Palestine refugees?". Palestine refugees. United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees. Dicapai pada 31 May 2012. 
  6. ^ Susan Akram (2011). International law and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Taylor & Francis. m/s. 19, 38. ISBN 9780415573221.  Parameter |cite= tidak diketahui diabaikan (bantuan)
  7. ^ Michael Dumper, 'Introduction' to M.Dumper (ed.)Palestinian Refugee Repatriation: Global Perspectives, Taylor & Francis, 2006 pp.1-22, p.2.
  8. ^ a b c d e "Statistics". UNRWA. 2010-01. Dicapai pada 14 September 2010. 

Esber, Rosemarie M. (2008). Under the Cover of War. The Zionist Expulsion of the Palestinians, Arabicus Books & Media ISBN 978-0-9815131-7-1

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