Pembunuhan James A. Garfield

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Pembunuhan James A. Garfield
Garfield assassination engraving cropped.jpg
Presiden Garfield bersama James G. Blaine selepas ditembak oleh Charles J. Guiteau[1][2]
LokasiBaltimore and Potomac Railroad Station
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Koordinat38°53′31″N 77°01′13″W / 38.89194°N 77.02028°W / 38.89194; -77.02028Koordinat: 38°53′31″N 77°01′13″W / 38.89194°N 77.02028°W / 38.89194; -77.02028
Tarikh2 Julai 1881, 141 tahun lalu
9:30 am (Zon Waktu Timur)
SasaranJames A. Garfield
Jenis serangan
Pembunuhan
SenjataBulldog Revolver
Kematian1 (Garfield; meninggal dunia pada 19 September 1881)
KecederaanTiada
PelakuCharles J. Guiteau
MotifBalas dendam atas kegagalan untuk memberi ganjaran sokongan semasa kempen

Pembunuhan James A. Garfield, Presiden Amerika Syarikat ke-20, telah berlaku pada 2 Julai 1881 pada jam 9:30 pagi iaitu kurang dari empat bulan selepas Garfield menjadi Presiden. Beliau telah ditembak oleh Charles J. Guiteau di Stesen Kereta Api Baltimore dan Potomac di Washington, D.C. dan meninggal dunia 79 hari kemudian pada 19 September 1881 di Elberon, New Jersey. Garfield merupakan presiden Amerika Syarikat yang kedua dibunuh selepas Abraham Lincoln serta disertai oleh pembunuhan William McKinley dan John F. Kennedy.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Cheney, Lynne Vincent. "Mrs. Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper" Diarkibkan September 29, 2007, di Wayback Machine. American Heritage Magazine. October 1975. Volume 26, Issue 6. URL retrieved on January 24, 2007.
  2. ^ "The attack on the President's life". Library of Congress. URL retrieved on January 24, 2007.

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Alexander, H. H. (1882). The Life of Guiteau and the Official History of the Most Exciting Case on Record: Being the Trial of Guiteau for Assassinating Pres. Garfield. Philadelphia, PA: National Publishing Company.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Conwell, Russell H. (1881). The Life, Speeches, and Public Services of James A. Garfield, Twentieth President of the United States: Including an Account of his Assassination, Lingering Pain, Death and Burial. Portland, ME: George Stinson. OCLC 2087548.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Elman, Robert (1968). Fired in Anger: The Personal Handguns of American Heroes and Villains. Garden City, NJ: Doubleday & Company.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • June, Dale L. (1999). Introduction to Executive Protection. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-8493-8128-7.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Kittler, Glenn D. (1965). Hail to the Chief!: The Inauguration Days of our Presidents. Philadelphia, PA: Chilton Books.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Millard, Candice (2011). Destiny of the Republic. Doubleday. ISBN 978-0-385-53500-7.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Peskin, Allan (1978). Garfield: A Biography. Kent State University Press. ISBN 0-87338-210-2.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Taylor, Troy (2007). Wicked Washington: Mysteries, Murder & Mayhem in America's Capital. Charleston, SC: The History Press. ISBN 978-1-59629-302-1.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Vowell, Sarah (2005). Assassination Vacation. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-6003-1.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

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