Serangan jerung

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Serangan jerung
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A photograph of a rectangular sign attached to a wooden post. White text on a blue background reads "Natal sharks board. Warning notice. Shark safety measures have been installed at this beach to enhance protection of bathers but all persons entering the sea do so entirely at their own risk. No liability accepted. Avoid swimming or surfing at dawn, dusk and at night when the risk of shark attack is greater. By order."
Papan tanda amaran mengenai kehadiran jerung di Salt Rock, Afrika Selatan
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Serangan jerung ialah serangan terhadap manusia oleh seekor ikan jerung. Setiap tahun, kira-kira 80 serangan tidak dilaporkan dilaporkan di seluruh dunia.[1] Walaupun jarang, banyak orang takut serangan jerung selepas serangan bersiri sesekali, seperti serangan jerung Jersey Shore 1916, dan fiksyen seram dan filem seperti siri Jaws. Daripada lebih daripada 489 spesies jerung, hanya tiga yang bertanggungjawab untuk angka dua angka yang membawa maut kepada manusia: jerung putih, harimau, dan lembu.[2]

Serangan jerung yang disahkan, 1958–2018
Negara Jumlah
serangan
Kematian Korban terakhir
Amerika Syarikat
(Tidak termasuk Hawaii)
1104 35 2018
Australia 536 73 2018[3]
Afrika 346 94 2015
Asia 129 48 2000
Hawaii 137[4] 11[4] 2019[5]
Kepulauan Pasifik / Oceania
(Tidak termasuk Hawaii)
126 49 2016
Amerika Tengah 117 26 2015
Antilles dan Bahamas 71 17 2019
Amerika Tengah 56 27 2011
Eropah 52[6] 27 1989
New Zealand 49 9 2013
Pulau Réunion 39 19 2019[7]
Tidak dipastikan / Lautan terbuka 21 7 1995
Bermuda 3 0
Jumlah: 2,785 439 2019
Sumber: Australian Shark Attack File for unprovoked attacks in Australia
International Shark Attack File for unprovoked attacks in all other regions
Last Updated: 19 February 2015

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Yearly Worldwide Shark Attack Summary". International Shark Attack File. Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida. Dicapai pada 2017-11-27. The 2016 yearly total of 84 unprovoked attacks was on par with our most recent five-year (2011–2015) average of 82 incidents annually.
  2. ^ ISAF Statistics on Attacking Species of Shark
  3. ^ Mercer, Phil (11 November 2018). "Shark Attacks Prompt Emergency Summit in Australia". VOA News. Dicapai pada 27 May 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Incidents List". Government of Hawaii. Dicapai pada 27 May 2019.
  5. ^ Lam, Kristin (27 May 2019). The Associated Press (penyunting). "California man, 65, swimming off Maui killed in Hawaii's first fatal shark attack since 2015". USA Today. Gannett. Dicapai pada 27 May 2019.
  6. ^ "Confirmed Unprovoked Shark Attacks (1847–Present). Europe". Florida Museum of Natural History. Dicapai pada 27 May 2019.
  7. ^ "Un surfeur tué après une attaque de requin à La Réunion". BFMTV. 2019-05-09 – melalui BFMTV.

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