Supremasisme

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Supremasisme ialah kepercayaan bahawa sekumpulan orang tertentu lebih tinggi daripada semua yang lain.[1] Orang yang dianggap unggul boleh ditakrifkan mengikut umur, jantina, bangsa, etnik, agama, orientasi seksual, bahasa, kelas sosial, ideologi, negara, budaya, atau spesies, atau tergolong dalam mana-mana bahagian lain dalam populasi tertentu.[2][3][4][5][6][7]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Supremacist". Merriam-Webster.
  2. ^ Peggy Reeves Sanday, Female power and male dominance: on the origins of sexual inequality, Cambridge University Press, 1981, pp. 6–8, 113–14, 174, 182. ISBN 0-521-28075-3, ISBN 978-0-521-28075-4
  3. ^ Collins Dictionary and Thesaurus. London: Collins. 2006. ISBN 978-0-00-722405-0.
  4. ^ Humm, Maggie (1992). Modern feminisms: Political, Literary, Cultural. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-08072-9.
  5. ^ Cornell, Drucilla (1998). At the heart of freedom: feminism, sex, and equality. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-02896-5.
  6. ^ Miller, Stuart Creighton (1982). Benevolent Assimilation: The American Conquest of the Philippines, 1899–1903. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-03081-5. p. 5: "...imperialist editors came out in favor of retaining the entire archipelago (using) higher-sounding justifications related to the "white man's burden."
  7. ^ Opinion archive, International Herald Tribune (February 4, 1999). "In Our Pages: 100, 75 and 50 Years Ago; 1899: Kipling's Plea". International Herald Tribune: 6.: Notes that Rudyard Kipling's new poem, "The White Man's Burden", "is regarded as the strongest argument yet published in favor of expansion."