Templat:Infobox senjata

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Usage

Weapon infobox[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rifle, Caliber .30, M1
M1-Garand-Rifle.jpg
M1 Garand with en bloc clips.
Jenis Semi-automatic rifle
Tempat asal United States
Sejarah perkhidmatan
Dalam perkhidmatan 1936–present (for U.S. military training and parades)
Digunakan oleh See Users
Perang World War II
Korean War
Arab–Israeli conflict
First Indochina War
Suez Crisis
Vietnam War
Cambodian Civil War
Northern Ireland Troubles
Other conflicts around the world
Sejarah pengeluaran
Pereka John C. Garand
Direka 1932
Pengeluar Springfield Armory
Winchester
Harrington & Richardson
International Harvester
Beretta
Breda[1]
Springfield Armory, Inc. (civilian)
Dihasilkan 1936–1957
Jumlah dibina Approx. 6.0 million[2]
Aneka M1C, M1D
Spesifikasi
Berat 9.5 lb (4.3 kg) to 11.6 lb (5.3 kg)
Panjang 43.5 in (1,100 mm)
Barrel length 24 in (610 mm)

Cartridge
  • .30-06 Springfield (7.62x63mm)
  • 7.62x51mm NATO (.308 Winchester) (Used by the U.S. Navy and some commercial companies to modernize the M1 and increase performance)
Aksi Gas-operated, rotating bolt
Halaju muncung 2,800 ka/s (850 m/s)
Jarak tembakan efektif 440 ela (400 m)[3]
Sistem suapan 8-round "en bloc" clip internal magazine
Penglihatan Aperture rear sight, barleycorn-type front sight

A weapon infobox may be used to summarize information about a particular weapon or weapon system (such as a firearm, a sword, a grenade, an artillery piece, a torpedo, or a tank); cartridges and artillery shells should use {{infobox firearm cartridge}} instead. The infobox should be added using the {{infobox weapon}} template, as shown below:

{{infobox weapon
| name               = 
| image              = 
| image_size         =
| alt                =
| caption            = 
| origin             = <!-- Country name -->
| type               = 
<!-- Type selection -->
| is_ranged          = 
| is_bladed          = 
| is_explosive       = 
| is_artillery       = 
| is_vehicle         = 
| is_missile         = 
| is_UK              = 
<!-- Service history -->
| service            = 
| used_by            = 
| wars               = 
<!-- Production history -->
| designer           = 
| design_date        = 
| manufacturer       = 
| unit_cost          = 
| production_date    = 
| number             = 
| variants           =
<!-- General specifications -->
| spec_label         = 
| weight             = {{convert|123|kg|lb|abbr=on}}
| length             = {{convert|123|cm|in|abbr=on}}
| part_length        = {{convert|123|cm|in|abbr=on}}
| width              = 
| height             = 
| diameter           = 
| crew               = 
| passengers         =
<!-- Ranged weapon specifications --> 
| cartridge          = 
| cartridge_weight   = 
| caliber            = 
| barrels            = 
| action             = 
| rate               = 
| velocity           = {{convert|123|m/s|ft/s}}
| range              = {{convert|123|m|yd}}
| max_range          = 
| feed               = 
| sights             = 
<!-- Artillery specifications -->
| breech             = 
| recoil             = 
| carriage           = 
| elevation          = 
| traverse           = 
<!-- Bladed weapon specifications --> 
| blade_type         = 
| hilt_type          = 
| sheath_type        = 
| head_type          = 
| haft_type          = 
<!-- Explosive specifications --> 
| filling            = 
| filling_weight     = 
| detonation         = 
| yield              = 
<!-- Vehicle/missile specifications -->
| armour             = 
| primary_armament   = 
| secondary_armament = 
| engine             = 
| engine_power       = 
| pw_ratio           = 
| payload_capacity   = 
| transmission       = 
| suspension         = 
| clearance          = 
| fuel_capacity      = 
| vehicle_range      = 
| speed              = 
| guidance           = 
| steering           = 
<!-- Missiles only -->
| wingspan           = 
| propellant         = 
| ceiling            = 
| altitude           = 
| depth              = 
| boost              = 
| accuracy           = 
| launch_platform    = 
| transport          =
}}

Note: When using parameters, avoid the ambiguous abbreviation "N/A", and instead use "unknown" or "none". All subjective or qualitative judgements and numerical quantities or statistics must be cited to a reliable source (see WP:MILMOS#CITE).

The infobox is intended as a quick reference. Don't add non-data items, like question marks, “none”, “see text” or links to article sections (the article's table of contents already does this). Only add “unknown” to assert that an information point is unknowable, not as a placeholder to show that it is missing from the article. Choose a representative model and indicate what it is with the spec_label parameter, instead of listing multiple data items in one field.

The template can also be used for general categories of weapons, such as tank and Katyusha rocket launcher, by including only some general characteristics.

General parameters:

  • name – the formal name of the weapon.
  • imageoptional – an image of the weapon. The image must be given in the form [[Image:Example.jpg|300px]]; in particular, the thumb attribute must not be selected.
  • captionoptional – the text to be placed below the image.
  • originoptional – the country or place where the weapon originated or was first manufactured. Flag icons should be avoided in this field, per WP:MOSFLAG and WP:MILMOS#FLAGS.
  • typeoptional – the type of weapon (e.g. "service rifle", "dress sword", and so forth).

Type selection parameters (these parameters control whether—and how—particular specification fields will be displayed; multiple ones may be enabled where appropriate):

  • is_ranged – "yes" if the weapon is a ranged weapon, such as a firearm or bow; must be left blank otherwise.
  • is_bladed – "yes" if the weapon is a bladed, pointed, or blunt hand-held weapon, such as a sword, mace, or polearm; must be left blank otherwise.
  • is_explosive – "yes" if the weapon is an explosive device, such as a grenade or bomb; must be left blank otherwise.
  • is_artillery – "yes" if the weapon is a type of artillery, such as a cannon or mortar; must be left blank otherwise.
  • is_vehicle – "yes" if the weapon is a self-propelled vehicle, such as a tank; must be left blank otherwise.
  • is_missile – "yes" if the weapon is a self-propelled missile or torpedo; must be left blank otherwise.
  • is_UK – "yes" if the field labels should use British/Commonwealth English (calibre, armour); must be left blank otherwise.

Service history parameters:

  • serviceoptional – the period (usually given in years) when the weapon was in service.
  • used_byoptional – the countries, armed forces, or other groups using the weapon; this may be omitted for weapons employed only in their country of origin.
  • warsoptional – any wars during which the weapon saw service.

Production history parameters:

  • designeroptional – the person or group responsible for designing the weapon.
  • design_dateoptional – the date (usually given as a year) when the weapon was designed.
  • manufactureroptional – the manufacturer of the weapon.
  • unit_costoptional – the unit cost of the weapon; this should only be indicated for weapons currently being produced.
  • production_dateoptional – the period (usually given in years) when the weapon was produced.
  • numberoptional – the number of weapons of this type that were manufactured.
  • variantsoptional – any variant models of the weapon.

General specification parameters:

  • spec_labeloptional – a label for the specifications, to be used when data for a particular variant is indicated; should be left blank otherwise.
  • weightoptional – the weight of the weapon. For firearms, separate loaded and unloaded weights may be indicated.
  • lengthoptional – the total length of the weapon.
  • part_lengthoptional – a secondary length measurement. For firearms, this should be the barrel length; for bladed weapons, the length of the blade or head.
  • widthoptional – the total width of the weapon, where applicable; this is intended for use with larger weapons, such as artillery or vehicles.
  • heightoptional – the total height of the weapon, where applicable; this is intended for use with larger weapons, such as artillery or vehicles.
  • diameteroptional – the diameter of the weapon, where applicable; this is intended for use with explosives and missiles.
  • crewoptional – for crewed weapons, the number of people required.
  • passengersoptional – for vehicles, the number of passengers carried.

Ranged weapon specification parameters (most only available if is_ranged is set to "yes"; some are also activated when is_explosive or is_artillery is set to "yes"):

  • cartridgeoptional – for firearms or artillery, the type(s) of cartridge or shell used.
  • cartridge_weightoptional – for firearms or artillery, the weight of the cartridge or shell used.
  • caliberoptional – for non-cartridge firearms or artillery, the caliber or interior diameter of the barrel; for cartridge-loaded firearms, caliber is indicated by the cartridge.
  • barrelsoptional – for firearms or artillery, the number of distinct barrels; this may be omitted if the weapon is single-barreled.
  • actionoptional – for firearms, the type of action (e.g. "flintlock").
  • rateoptional – the rate of fire. For automatic firearms and auto-loading artillery, this is usually the cyclic rate. For other ranged weapons, an effective rate can be indicated if reputable sources for one are available.
  • velocityoptional – for firearms or artillery, the muzzle velocity of the fired projectile.
  • rangeoptional – the effective range of the weapon.
  • max_rangeoptional – the maximum range of the weapon; for firearms this should be the maximum sight setting if used.
  • feedoptional – for firearms, the feed system or magazine used.
  • sightsoptional – for firearms or artillery, the type of sights used.

Artillery specification parameters (only available if is_artillery is set to "yes"):

  • breechoptional – for artillery, the type of breech mechanism.
  • recoiloptional – for artillery, the recoil system used.
  • carriageoptional – for artillery, the type of carriage used.
  • elevationoptional – for artillery, the vertical range of possible firing angles.
  • traverseoptional – for artillery, the horizontal range of possible firing angles.

Bladed weapon specification parameters (only available if is_bladed is set to "yes"):

  • blade_typeoptional – for bladed weapons (e.g. swords), a description of the blade.
  • hilt_typeoptional – for bladed weapons (e.g. swords), a description of the hilt.
  • sheath_typeoptional – for bladed weapons (e.g. swords), a description of the scabbard or sheath, if any.
  • head_typeoptional – for blunt or striking weapons (e.g. axes, polearms, or maces), a description of the head.
  • haft_typeoptional – for blunt or striking weapons (e.g. axes, polearms, or maces), a description of the haft.

Explosive weapon specification parameters (only available if is_explosive or is_missile is set to "yes"):

  • fillingoptional – the explosive filling material or warhead.
  • filling_weightoptional – the weight of the explosive material or warhead.
  • detonationoptional – the detonation trigger type (e.g. "timer", "pressure", "motion sensor").
  • yieldoptional – for larger explosives, the yield (in tons of TNT) of the device.

Vehicle/missile specification parameters (most only available if is_vehicle is set to "yes"; some are also activated if is_missile is set to "yes"):

  • armouroptional – the armour plating of the vehicle; different armour thickness at different points may be indicated if needed.
  • primary_weaponoptional – the primary armament mounted on the vehicle, if any.
  • secondary_weaponoptional – the secondary armament mounted on the vehicle, if any.
  • engineoptional – the type of engine used by the vehicle or missile.
  • engine_poweroptional – the power output of the engine, usually in hp or kW.
  • pw_ratiooptional – the power-to-weight ratio, usually in hp/tonne.
  • transmissionoptional – the type of transmission used by the vehicle.
  • payload_capacityoptional – the overall payload capacity weight of the vehicle.
  • propellantoptional – for missiles, the propellant used.
  • fuel_capacityoptional – the fuel capacity of the vehicle.
  • suspensionoptional – the suspension of the vehicle.
  • clearanceoptional – the ground clearance of the vehicle.
  • wingspanoptional – for missiles, the wingspan.
  • vehicle_rangeoptional – the operational range of the vehicle or missile.
  • ceilingoptional – for missiles, the flight ceiling.
  • altitudeoptional – for missiles, the normal flight altitude.
  • depthoptional – for underwater weapons such as torpedoes, the maximum operating depth.
  • boostoptional – for missiles, the maximum boost time.
  • speedoptional – the maximum speed of the vehicle or missile; this is usually the road speed, but other values may be indicated if appropriate.
  • guidanceoptional – the guidance system used by the missile (or the vehicle, if unmanned).
  • steeringoptional – the steering system used by the missile or vehicle.
  • accuracyoptional – for missiles, the guidance accuracy.
  • launch_platformoptional – for missiles, the launch platform.
  • transportoptional – for missiles, the transportation vehicle or method, if different from the launch platform.

Microformat

Templat:UF-hprod

Template Data[sunting | sunting sumber]

Berikut adalah pendokumenan TemplateData untuk templat ini yang digunakan oleh VisualEditor dan alatan-alatan lain.

Infobox senjata

An infobox for weapon.

Parameter templat
Parameter Keterangan Jenis Status
Name name

The formal name of the weapon.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string required
Image image

An image of the weapon. The image must be given in the form [[Image:Example.jpg|300px]]; in particular, the thumb attribute must not be selected.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
wiki-page-name optional
Caption caption

The text to be placed below the image.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Origin origin

The country or place where the weapon originated or was first manufactured. Flag icons should be avoided in this field, per WP:MOSFLAG and WP:MILMOS#FLAGS.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Type type

The type of weapon.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Is ranged is_ranged

Yes if the weapon is a ranged weapon, such as a firearm or bow; must be left blank otherwise.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Is Bladed is_bladed

Yes if the weapon is a bladed, pointed, or blunt hand-held weapon, such as a sword, mace, or polearm; must be left blank otherwise.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Is explosive is_explosive

Yes if the weapon is an explosive device, such as a grenade or bomb; must be left blank otherwise.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Is artillery is_artillery

Yes if the weapon is a type of artillery, such as a cannon or mortar; must be left blank otherwise.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Is vehicle is_vehicle

Yes if the weapon is a self-propelled vehicle, such as a tank; must be left blank otherwise.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Is missile is_missile

Yes if the weapon is a self-propelled missile or torpedo; must be left blank otherwise.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Is UK is_UK

Yes if the field labels should use British/Commonwealth English (calibre, armour); must be left blank otherwise.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Service service

The period (usually given in years) when the weapon was in service.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
line optional
Used by used_by

The countries, armed forces, or other groups using the weapon; this may be omitted for weapons employed only in their country of origin.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
line optional
Wars wars

Any wars during which the weapon saw service.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
line optional
Designer designer

The person or group responsible for designing the weapon.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Design date design_date

The date (usually given as a year) when the weapon was designed.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Manufacturer manufacturer

The manufacturer of the weapon.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Unit cost unit_cost

The unit cost of the weapon; this should only be indicated for weapons currently being produced.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Production date production_date

The period (usually given in years) when the weapon was produced.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Number number

The number of weapons of this type that were manufactured.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
number optional
Variants variants

Any variant models of the weapon.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
line optional
Special label spec_label

A label for the specifications, to be used when data for a particular variant is indicated; should be left blank otherwise.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Weight weight

The weight of the weapon. For firearms, separate loaded and unloaded weights may be indicated.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
number optional
Length length

The total length of the weapon.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
number optional
Part length part_length

A secondary length measurement. For firearms, this should be the barrel length; for bladed weapons, the length of the blade or head.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
number optional
Width width

The total width of the weapon, where applicable; this is intended for use with larger weapons, such as artillery or vehicles.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
number optional
Height height

The total height of the weapon, where applicable; this is intended for use with larger weapons, such as artillery or vehicles.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
number optional
Diameter diameter

The diameter of the weapon, where applicable; this is intended for use with explosives and missiles.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
number optional
Crew crew

For crewed weapons, the number of people required.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
number optional
Passengers passengers

For vehicles, the number of passengers carried.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
number optional
Cartridge cartridge

For firearms or artillery, the type(s) of cartridge or shell used.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Cartridge weight cartridge_weight

For firearms or artillery, the weight of the cartridge or shell used.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
number optional
Caliber caliber

For non-cartridge firearms or artillery, the caliber or interior diameter of the barrel; for cartridge-loaded firearms, caliber is indicated by the cartridge.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
number optional
Barrels barrels

For firearms or artillery, the number of distinct barrels; this may be omitted if the weapon is single-barreled.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
number optional
Action action

For firearms, the type of action (e.g. flintlock).

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Rate rate

The rate of fire. For automatic firearms and auto-loading artillery, this is usually the cyclic rate. For other ranged weapons, an effective rate can be indicated if reputable sources for one are available.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Velocity velocity

For firearms or artillery, the muzzle velocity of the fired projectile.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
number optional
Range range

The effective range of the weapon.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
number optional
Max range max_range

The maximum range of the weapon; for firearms this should be the maximum sight setting if used.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
number optional
Feed feed

For firearms, the feed system or magazine used.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Sights sights

For firearms or artillery, the type of sights used.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Breech breech

For artillery, the type of breech mechanism.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Recoil recoil

For artillery, the recoil system used.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Carriage carriage

For artillery, the type of carriage used.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Elevation elevation

For artillery, the vertical range of possible firing angles.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Traverse traverse

For artillery, the horizontal range of possible firing angles.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Blade type blade_type

For bladed weapons (e.g. swords), a description of the blade.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Hilt type hilt_type

For bladed weapons (e.g. swords), a description of the hilt.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Sheath type sheath_type

For bladed weapons (e.g. swords), a description of the scabbard or sheath, if any.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Head type head_type

For blunt or striking weapons (e.g. axes, polearms, or maces), a description of the head.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Haft type haft_type

For blunt or striking weapons (e.g. axes, polearms, or maces), a description of the haft.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Filling filling

The explosive filling material or warhead.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
filling_weight filling_weight

The weight of the explosive material or warhead.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
number optional
Detonation detonation

the detonation trigger type (e.g. timer, pressure, motion sensor).

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Yield yield

For larger explosives, the yield (in tons of TNT) of the device.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Armour armour

The armour plating of the vehicle; different armour thickness at different points may be indicated if needed.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Primary weapon primary_weapon

The primary armament mounted on the vehicle, if any.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Secondary weapon secondary_weapon

The secondary armament mounted on the vehicle, if any.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Engine engine

The type of engine used by the vehicle or missile.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Engine power engine_power

The power output of the engine, usually in hp or kW.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
number optional
Pw ratio pw_ratio

The power-to-weight ratio, usually in hp/tonne.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
number optional
Transmission transmission

The type of transmission used by the vehicle.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Payload capacity payload_capacity

The overall payload capacity weight of the vehicle.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Propellant propellant

For missiles, the propellant used.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Fuel capacity fuel_capacity

The fuel capacity of the vehicle.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
number optional
Suspension suspension

The suspension of the vehicle.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Clearance clearance

The ground clearance of the vehicle.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Wingspan wingspan

For missiles, the wingspan.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Vehicle range vehicle_range

The operational range of the vehicle or missile.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Ceiling ceiling

For missiles, the flight ceiling.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Altitude altitude

For missiles, the normal flight altitude.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Depth depth

For underwater weapons such as torpedoes, the maximum operating depth.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Boost boost

For missiles, the maximum boost time.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Speed speed

The maximum speed of the vehicle or missile; this is usually the road speed, but other values may be indicated if appropriate.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
number optional
Guidance guidance

The guidance system used by the missile (or the vehicle, if unmanned).

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Steering steering

The steering system used by the missile or vehicle.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Accuracy accuracy

For missiles, the guidance accuracy.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Launch platform launch_platform

For missiles, the launch platform.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional
Transport transport

For missiles, the transportation vehicle or method, if different from the launch platform.

Asali
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
string optional

References[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Small Arms Review article on Italian-made Garands
  2. Scott Duff. "Who Made M1 Garands? How Many Were Made? When Were They Made?". Excerpted from The M1 Garand: Owner’s Guide copyright 1994 by Scott A. Duff. Diperoleh pada 2007-05-18. 
  3. "U.S. Department of the Army Technical Manual No. 9-1005-222-12" (pdf). Re-published by www.biggerhammer.net. 17 March 1969. Diperoleh pada 2007-05-18. 

See also[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Spaceflight infoboxes