Templat:Infobox senjata

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Pendokumenan templat[lihat] [sunting] [sejarah] [nyahcache]

Usage

Weapon infobox[sunting sumber]

Rifle, Caliber .30, M1
M1-Garand-Rifle.jpg
M1 Garand with en bloc clips.
JenisSemi-automatic rifle
Tempat asalUnited States
Sejarah perkhidmatan
Dalam perkhidmatan1936–present (for U.S. military training and parades)
Digunakan olehSee Users
PerangWorld War II
Korean War
Arab–Israeli conflict
First Indochina War
Suez Crisis
Vietnam War
Cambodian Civil War
Northern Ireland Troubles
Other conflicts around the world
Sejarah pengeluaran
PerekaJohn C. Garand
Direka1932
PengeluarSpringfield Armory
Winchester
Harrington & Richardson
International Harvester
Beretta
Breda[1]
Springfield Armory, Inc. (civilian)
Dihasilkan1936–1957
Jumlah dibinaApprox. 6.0 million[2]
AnekaM1C, M1D
Spesifikasi
Berat9.5 lb (4.3 kg) to 11.6 lb (5.3 kg)
Panjang43.5 in (1,100 mm)
Panjang laras24 in (610 mm)

Kartrij
  • .30-06 Springfield (7.62x63mm)
  • 7.62x51mm NATO (.308 Winchester) (Used by the U.S. Navy and some commercial companies to modernize the M1 and increase performance)
  • AksiGas-operated, rotating bolt
    Halaju muncung2,800 ft/s (850 m/s)
    Jarak tembakan efektif440 yd (400 m)[3]
    Sistem suapan8-round "en bloc" clip internal magazine
    PenglihatanAperture rear sight, barleycorn-type front sight

    A weapon infobox may be used to summarize information about a particular weapon or weapon system (such as a firearm, a sword, a grenade, an artillery piece, a torpedo, or a tank); cartridges and artillery shells should use {{infobox firearm cartridge}} instead. The infobox should be added using the {{infobox weapon}} template, as shown below:

    {{infobox weapon
    | name               = 
    | image              = 
    | image_size         =
    | alt                =
    | caption            = 
    | origin             = <!-- Country name -->
    | type               = 
    <!-- Type selection -->
    | is_ranged          = 
    | is_bladed          = 
    | is_explosive       = 
    | is_artillery       = 
    | is_vehicle         = 
    | is_missile         = 
    | is_UK              = 
    <!-- Service history -->
    | service            = 
    | used_by            = 
    | wars               = 
    <!-- Production history -->
    | designer           = 
    | design_date        = 
    | manufacturer       = 
    | unit_cost          = 
    | production_date    = 
    | number             = 
    | variants           =
    <!-- General specifications -->
    | spec_label         = 
    | weight             = {{convert|123|kg|lb|abbr=on}}
    | length             = {{convert|123|cm|in|abbr=on}}
    | part_length        = {{convert|123|cm|in|abbr=on}}
    | width              = 
    | height             = 
    | diameter           = 
    | crew               = 
    | passengers         =
    <!-- Ranged weapon specifications --> 
    | cartridge          = 
    | cartridge_weight   = 
    | caliber            = 
    | barrels            = 
    | action             = 
    | rate               = 
    | velocity           = {{convert|123|m/s|ft/s}}
    | range              = {{convert|123|m|yd}}
    | max_range          = 
    | feed               = 
    | sights             = 
    <!-- Artillery specifications -->
    | breech             = 
    | recoil             = 
    | carriage           = 
    | elevation          = 
    | traverse           = 
    <!-- Bladed weapon specifications --> 
    | blade_type         = 
    | hilt_type          = 
    | sheath_type        = 
    | head_type          = 
    | haft_type          = 
    <!-- Explosive specifications --> 
    | filling            = 
    | filling_weight     = 
    | detonation         = 
    | yield              = 
    <!-- Vehicle/missile specifications -->
    | armour             = 
    | primary_armament   = 
    | secondary_armament = 
    | engine             = 
    | engine_power       = 
    | pw_ratio           = 
    | payload_capacity   = 
    | transmission       = 
    | suspension         = 
    | clearance          = 
    | fuel_capacity      = 
    | vehicle_range      = 
    | speed              = 
    | guidance           = 
    | steering           = 
    <!-- Missiles only -->
    | wingspan           = 
    | propellant         = 
    | ceiling            = 
    | altitude           = 
    | depth              = 
    | boost              = 
    | accuracy           = 
    | launch_platform    = 
    | transport          =
    }}
    

    Note: When using parameters, avoid the ambiguous abbreviation "N/A", and instead use "unknown" or "none". All subjective or qualitative judgements and numerical quantities or statistics must be cited to a reliable source (see WP:MILMOS#CITE).

    The infobox is intended as a quick reference. Don't add non-data items, like question marks, “none”, “see text” or links to article sections (the article's table of contents already does this). Only add “unknown” to assert that an information point is unknowable, not as a placeholder to show that it is missing from the article. Choose a representative model and indicate what it is with the spec_label parameter, instead of listing multiple data items in one field.

    The template can also be used for general categories of weapons, such as tank and Katyusha rocket launcher, by including only some general characteristics.

    General parameters:

    • name – the formal name of the weapon.
    • imageoptional – an image of the weapon. The image must be given in the form [[Image:Example.jpg|300px]]; in particular, the thumb attribute must not be selected.
    • captionoptional – the text to be placed below the image.
    • originoptional – the country or place where the weapon originated or was first manufactured. Flag icons should be avoided in this field, per WP:MOSFLAG and WP:MILMOS#FLAGS.
    • typeoptional – the type of weapon (e.g. "service rifle", "dress sword", and so forth).

    Type selection parameters (these parameters control whether—and how—particular specification fields will be displayed; multiple ones may be enabled where appropriate):

    • is_ranged – "yes" if the weapon is a ranged weapon, such as a firearm or bow; must be left blank otherwise.
    • is_bladed – "yes" if the weapon is a bladed, pointed, or blunt hand-held weapon, such as a sword, mace, or polearm; must be left blank otherwise.
    • is_explosive – "yes" if the weapon is an explosive device, such as a grenade or bomb; must be left blank otherwise.
    • is_artillery – "yes" if the weapon is a type of artillery, such as a cannon or mortar; must be left blank otherwise.
    • is_vehicle – "yes" if the weapon is a self-propelled vehicle, such as a tank; must be left blank otherwise.
    • is_missile – "yes" if the weapon is a self-propelled missile or torpedo; must be left blank otherwise.
    • is_UK – "yes" if the field labels should use British/Commonwealth English (calibre, armour); must be left blank otherwise.

    Service history parameters:

    • serviceoptional – the period (usually given in years) when the weapon was in service.
    • used_byoptional – the countries, armed forces, or other groups using the weapon; this may be omitted for weapons employed only in their country of origin.
    • warsoptional – any wars during which the weapon saw service.

    Production history parameters:

    • designeroptional – the person or group responsible for designing the weapon.
    • design_dateoptional – the date (usually given as a year) when the weapon was designed.
    • manufactureroptional – the manufacturer of the weapon.
    • unit_costoptional – the unit cost of the weapon; this should only be indicated for weapons currently being produced.
    • production_dateoptional – the period (usually given in years) when the weapon was produced.
    • numberoptional – the number of weapons of this type that were manufactured.
    • variantsoptional – any variant models of the weapon.

    General specification parameters:

    • spec_labeloptional – a label for the specifications, to be used when data for a particular variant is indicated; should be left blank otherwise.
    • weightoptional – the weight of the weapon. For firearms, separate loaded and unloaded weights may be indicated.
    • lengthoptional – the total length of the weapon.
    • part_lengthoptional – a secondary length measurement. For firearms, this should be the barrel length; for bladed weapons, the length of the blade or head.
    • widthoptional – the total width of the weapon, where applicable; this is intended for use with larger weapons, such as artillery or vehicles.
    • heightoptional – the total height of the weapon, where applicable; this is intended for use with larger weapons, such as artillery or vehicles.
    • diameteroptional – the diameter of the weapon, where applicable; this is intended for use with explosives and missiles.
    • crewoptional – for crewed weapons, the number of people required.
    • passengersoptional – for vehicles, the number of passengers carried.

    Ranged weapon specification parameters (most only available if is_ranged is set to "yes"; some are also activated when is_explosive or is_artillery is set to "yes"):

    • cartridgeoptional – for firearms or artillery, the type(s) of cartridge or shell used.
    • cartridge_weightoptional – for firearms or artillery, the weight of the cartridge or shell used.
    • caliberoptional – for non-cartridge firearms or artillery, the caliber or interior diameter of the barrel; for cartridge-loaded firearms, caliber is indicated by the cartridge.
    • barrelsoptional – for firearms or artillery, the number of distinct barrels; this may be omitted if the weapon is single-barreled.
    • actionoptional – for firearms, the type of action (e.g. "flintlock").
    • rateoptional – the rate of fire. For automatic firearms and auto-loading artillery, this is usually the cyclic rate. For other ranged weapons, an effective rate can be indicated if reputable sources for one are available.
    • velocityoptional – for firearms or artillery, the muzzle velocity of the fired projectile.
    • rangeoptional – the effective range of the weapon.
    • max_rangeoptional – the maximum range of the weapon; for firearms this should be the maximum sight setting if used.
    • feedoptional – for firearms, the feed system or magazine used.
    • sightsoptional – for firearms or artillery, the type of sights used.

    Artillery specification parameters (only available if is_artillery is set to "yes"):

    • breechoptional – for artillery, the type of breech mechanism.
    • recoiloptional – for artillery, the recoil system used.
    • carriageoptional – for artillery, the type of carriage used.
    • elevationoptional – for artillery, the vertical range of possible firing angles.
    • traverseoptional – for artillery, the horizontal range of possible firing angles.

    Bladed weapon specification parameters (only available if is_bladed is set to "yes"):

    • blade_typeoptional – for bladed weapons (e.g. swords), a description of the blade.
    • hilt_typeoptional – for bladed weapons (e.g. swords), a description of the hilt.
    • sheath_typeoptional – for bladed weapons (e.g. swords), a description of the scabbard or sheath, if any.
    • head_typeoptional – for blunt or striking weapons (e.g. axes, polearms, or maces), a description of the head.
    • haft_typeoptional – for blunt or striking weapons (e.g. axes, polearms, or maces), a description of the haft.

    Explosive weapon specification parameters (only available if is_explosive or is_missile is set to "yes"):

    • fillingoptional – the explosive filling material or warhead.
    • filling_weightoptional – the weight of the explosive material or warhead.
    • detonationoptional – the detonation trigger type (e.g. "timer", "pressure", "motion sensor").
    • yieldoptional – for larger explosives, the yield (in tons of TNT) of the device.

    Vehicle/missile specification parameters (most only available if is_vehicle is set to "yes"; some are also activated if is_missile is set to "yes"):

    • armouroptional – the armour plating of the vehicle; different armour thickness at different points may be indicated if needed.
    • primary_weaponoptional – the primary armament mounted on the vehicle, if any.
    • secondary_weaponoptional – the secondary armament mounted on the vehicle, if any.
    • engineoptional – the type of engine used by the vehicle or missile.
    • engine_poweroptional – the power output of the engine, usually in hp or kW.
    • pw_ratiooptional – the power-to-weight ratio, usually in hp/tonne.
    • transmissionoptional – the type of transmission used by the vehicle.
    • payload_capacityoptional – the overall payload capacity weight of the vehicle.
    • propellantoptional – for missiles, the propellant used.
    • fuel_capacityoptional – the fuel capacity of the vehicle.
    • suspensionoptional – the suspension of the vehicle.
    • clearanceoptional – the ground clearance of the vehicle.
    • wingspanoptional – for missiles, the wingspan.
    • vehicle_rangeoptional – the operational range of the vehicle or missile.
    • ceilingoptional – for missiles, the flight ceiling.
    • altitudeoptional – for missiles, the normal flight altitude.
    • depthoptional – for underwater weapons such as torpedoes, the maximum operating depth.
    • boostoptional – for missiles, the maximum boost time.
    • speedoptional – the maximum speed of the vehicle or missile; this is usually the road speed, but other values may be indicated if appropriate.
    • guidanceoptional – the guidance system used by the missile (or the vehicle, if unmanned).
    • steeringoptional – the steering system used by the missile or vehicle.
    • accuracyoptional – for missiles, the guidance accuracy.
    • launch_platformoptional – for missiles, the launch platform.
    • transportoptional – for missiles, the transportation vehicle or method, if different from the launch platform.

    Microformat

    Templat:UF-hprod

    Template Data[sunting sumber]

    Berikut ialah pendokumenan TemplateData untuk templat ini yang digunakan oleh VisualEditor dan alatan-alatan lain.

    Infobox senjata

    An infobox for weapon.

    Parameter templat

    ParameterKeteranganJenisStatus
    Namename

    The formal name of the weapon.

    Tersedia
    Rentetandiperlukan
    Imageimage

    An image of the weapon. The image must be given in the form [[Image:Example.jpg|300px]]; in particular, the thumb attribute must not be selected.

    Tersedia
    Halamanpilihan
    Captioncaption

    The text to be placed below the image.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Origin origin

    The country or place where the weapon originated or was first manufactured. Flag icons should be avoided in this field, per WP:MOSFLAG and WP:MILMOS#FLAGS.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Typetype

    The type of weapon.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Is rangedis_ranged

    Yes if the weapon is a ranged weapon, such as a firearm or bow; must be left blank otherwise.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Is Bladedis_bladed

    Yes if the weapon is a bladed, pointed, or blunt hand-held weapon, such as a sword, mace, or polearm; must be left blank otherwise.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Is explosiveis_explosive

    Yes if the weapon is an explosive device, such as a grenade or bomb; must be left blank otherwise.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Is artillery is_artillery

    Yes if the weapon is a type of artillery, such as a cannon or mortar; must be left blank otherwise.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Is vehicleis_vehicle

    Yes if the weapon is a self-propelled vehicle, such as a tank; must be left blank otherwise.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Is missileis_missile

    Yes if the weapon is a self-propelled missile or torpedo; must be left blank otherwise.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Is UK is_UK

    Yes if the field labels should use British/Commonwealth English (calibre, armour); must be left blank otherwise.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Serviceservice

    The period (usually given in years) when the weapon was in service.

    Tersedia
    Barispilihan
    Used byused_by

    The countries, armed forces, or other groups using the weapon; this may be omitted for weapons employed only in their country of origin.

    Tersedia
    Barispilihan
    Warswars

    Any wars during which the weapon saw service.

    Tersedia
    Barispilihan
    Designerdesigner

    The person or group responsible for designing the weapon.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Design datedesign_date

    The date (usually given as a year) when the weapon was designed.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Manufacturer manufacturer

    The manufacturer of the weapon.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Unit cost unit_cost

    The unit cost of the weapon; this should only be indicated for weapons currently being produced.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Production date production_date

    The period (usually given in years) when the weapon was produced.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Numbernumber

    The number of weapons of this type that were manufactured.

    Tersedia
    Angkapilihan
    Variants variants

    Any variant models of the weapon.

    Tersedia
    Barispilihan
    Special label spec_label

    A label for the specifications, to be used when data for a particular variant is indicated; should be left blank otherwise.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Weight weight

    The weight of the weapon. For firearms, separate loaded and unloaded weights may be indicated.

    Tersedia
    Angkapilihan
    Lengthlength

    The total length of the weapon.

    Tersedia
    Angkapilihan
    Part length part_length

    A secondary length measurement. For firearms, this should be the barrel length; for bladed weapons, the length of the blade or head.

    Tersedia
    Angkapilihan
    Widthwidth

    The total width of the weapon, where applicable; this is intended for use with larger weapons, such as artillery or vehicles.

    Tersedia
    Angkapilihan
    Heightheight

    The total height of the weapon, where applicable; this is intended for use with larger weapons, such as artillery or vehicles.

    Tersedia
    Angkapilihan
    Diameterdiameter

    The diameter of the weapon, where applicable; this is intended for use with explosives and missiles.

    Tersedia
    Angkapilihan
    Crewcrew

    For crewed weapons, the number of people required.

    Tersedia
    Angkapilihan
    Passengerspassengers

    For vehicles, the number of passengers carried.

    Tersedia
    Angkapilihan
    Cartridge cartridge

    For firearms or artillery, the type(s) of cartridge or shell used.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Cartridge weight cartridge_weight

    For firearms or artillery, the weight of the cartridge or shell used.

    Tersedia
    Angkapilihan
    Caliber caliber

    For non-cartridge firearms or artillery, the caliber or interior diameter of the barrel; for cartridge-loaded firearms, caliber is indicated by the cartridge.

    Tersedia
    Angkapilihan
    Barrelsbarrels

    For firearms or artillery, the number of distinct barrels; this may be omitted if the weapon is single-barreled.

    Tersedia
    Angkapilihan
    Actionaction

    For firearms, the type of action (e.g. flintlock).

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Rate rate

    The rate of fire. For automatic firearms and auto-loading artillery, this is usually the cyclic rate. For other ranged weapons, an effective rate can be indicated if reputable sources for one are available.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Velocity velocity

    For firearms or artillery, the muzzle velocity of the fired projectile.

    Tersedia
    Angkapilihan
    Rangerange

    The effective range of the weapon.

    Tersedia
    Angkapilihan
    Max range max_range

    The maximum range of the weapon; for firearms this should be the maximum sight setting if used.

    Tersedia
    Angkapilihan
    Feed feed

    For firearms, the feed system or magazine used.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Sights sights

    For firearms or artillery, the type of sights used.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Breech breech

    For artillery, the type of breech mechanism.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Recoil recoil

    For artillery, the recoil system used.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Carriage carriage

    For artillery, the type of carriage used.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Elevation elevation

    For artillery, the vertical range of possible firing angles.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Traverse traverse

    For artillery, the horizontal range of possible firing angles.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Blade type blade_type

    For bladed weapons (e.g. swords), a description of the blade.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Hilt type hilt_type

    For bladed weapons (e.g. swords), a description of the hilt.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Sheath typesheath_type

    For bladed weapons (e.g. swords), a description of the scabbard or sheath, if any.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Head type head_type

    For blunt or striking weapons (e.g. axes, polearms, or maces), a description of the head.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Haft typehaft_type

    For blunt or striking weapons (e.g. axes, polearms, or maces), a description of the haft.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Filling filling

    The explosive filling material or warhead.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    filling_weight filling_weight

    The weight of the explosive material or warhead.

    Tersedia
    Angkapilihan
    Detonation detonation

    the detonation trigger type (e.g. timer, pressure, motion sensor).

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Yield yield

    For larger explosives, the yield (in tons of TNT) of the device.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Armour armour

    The armour plating of the vehicle; different armour thickness at different points may be indicated if needed.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Primary weapon primary_weapon

    The primary armament mounted on the vehicle, if any.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Secondary weapon secondary_weapon

    The secondary armament mounted on the vehicle, if any.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Engine engine

    The type of engine used by the vehicle or missile.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Engine power engine_power

    The power output of the engine, usually in hp or kW.

    Tersedia
    Angkapilihan
    Pw ratio pw_ratio

    The power-to-weight ratio, usually in hp/tonne.

    Tersedia
    Angkapilihan
    Transmission transmission

    The type of transmission used by the vehicle.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Payload capacity payload_capacity

    The overall payload capacity weight of the vehicle.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Propellant propellant

    For missiles, the propellant used.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Fuel capacity fuel_capacity

    The fuel capacity of the vehicle.

    Tersedia
    Angkapilihan
    Suspension suspension

    The suspension of the vehicle.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Clearance clearance

    The ground clearance of the vehicle.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Wingspan wingspan

    For missiles, the wingspan.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Vehicle range vehicle_range

    The operational range of the vehicle or missile.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Ceiling ceiling

    For missiles, the flight ceiling.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Altitude altitude

    For missiles, the normal flight altitude.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Depth depth

    For underwater weapons such as torpedoes, the maximum operating depth.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Boost boost

    For missiles, the maximum boost time.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Speedspeed

    The maximum speed of the vehicle or missile; this is usually the road speed, but other values may be indicated if appropriate.

    Tersedia
    Angkapilihan
    Guidanceguidance

    The guidance system used by the missile (or the vehicle, if unmanned).

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Steeringsteering

    The steering system used by the missile or vehicle.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Accuracyaccuracy

    For missiles, the guidance accuracy.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Launch platform launch_platform

    For missiles, the launch platform.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan
    Transporttransport

    For missiles, the transportation vehicle or method, if different from the launch platform.

    Tersedia
    Rentetanpilihan

    References[sunting sumber]

    1. ^ Small Arms Review article on Italian-made Garands
    2. ^ Scott Duff. "Who Made M1 Garands? How Many Were Made? When Were They Made?". Excerpted from The M1 Garand: Owner’s Guide copyright 1994 by Scott A. Duff. Dicapai 2007-05-18. 
    3. ^ "U.S. Department of the Army Technical Manual No. 9-1005-222-12" (pdf). Re-published by www.biggerhammer.net. 17 March 1969. Dicapai 2007-05-18. 

    See also[sunting sumber]

    Templat:Spaceflight infoboxes