Tentera Udara Bernombor

Daripada Wikipedia, ensiklopedia bebas.
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Tentera Udara Bernombor atau Numbered Air Force (NAF) ialah sejenis organisasi dalam Tentera Udara Amerika Syarikat yang merupakan unit bawahan kepada Markas Utama (Major Command atau singkatan MAJCOM) dan telah diberikan unit-unit beroperasi seperti Wing, Skuadron, dan Grup.[1] Komponen Tentera Udara Bernombor (C-NAF) mempunyai peranan tembahan sebagai sebuah Komponen Pemerintahan Tentera Udara yang menjalankan perintah dan kawal ke atas angkatan udara dan angkasa bagi menyokong Markas Medan Bersepadu.[2] Tidak seperti MAJCOM, yang mempunyai peranan pengurusan, NAF adalah sebuah organisasi taktikal dengan fokus operasi, dan tidak mempunyai fungsi staf yang sama seperti MAJCOM.[2] Tentera udara bernombor lazimnya diperintah oleh seorang Mejar Jeneral atau Leftenan Jeneral.

Designasi berangka bagi Tentera Udara Bernombor ditulis secara berhuruf (contohnya Tentera Udara Kelapan bukannya Tentera Udara Ke-8), tetapi angka Arab digunakan secara singkatan (contohnya 8 AF).[1][3] Unit-unit dibawah sebuah NAF pada umumnya dinomborkan 6XX (yang mana XX adalah nombor NAF itu).[1] Sebagai contoh, Pusat Operasi Udara dan Angkasa Ke-618 (Pusat Kawalan Angkut Udara Penangki) ialah sebuah unit bawahan kepada Tentera Udara Kelapan Belas.

Senarai Tentera Udara Bernombor[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jadual dibawah menyenaraikan sejarah dan tentera udara bernombor terkini AS, designasi C-NAF mereka (jika berkenaan), jata terkini dan pangkalan mereka, dan penugasan ke markas utama (MAJCOM). Perhatikan asal usul sesetengah tentera udara bernombor diteruskan oleh organisasi bukan NAF (contohnya Pasukan Petugas Mobiliti Ekspedisi Ke-15 meneruskan asal usul Tentera Udara Kelima Belas). Huruf tebal menandakan NAF atau C-NAF yang kini aktif.

Tentera Udara Jata Pangkalan Markas Utama Komen
Tentera Udara Pertama (AFNORTH)
First Air Force - Emblem.jpg
Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida ACC C-NAF supporting USNORTHCOM and Continental NORAD Region; composed primarily of
Air National Guard units and personnel with ancillary non-combatant support from USAF Auxiliary (e.g., Civil Air Patrol) units and personnel
Tentera Udara Kedua
Second Air Force - Emblem (USAF).png
Keesler Air Force Base, Mississippi AETC Oversees all USAF non-flying technical training
Tentera Udara Ketiga
Third Air Force - Emblem.png
Ramstein Air Base, Germany USAFE-
AFAFRICA
C-NAF supporting USEUCOM
Tentera Udara Keempat
Fourth Air Force - Emblem.png
March Air Reserve Base, California AFRC Air Force Reserve Command NAF for all AFRC C-5, C-17, KC-135, KC-10 and C-40 units operationally-gained by Air Mobility Command and supporting USTRANSCOM
Tentera Udara Kelima
Fifth Air Force - Emblem.png
Yokota Air Base, Japan PACAF Air component to United States Forces Japan
Tentera Udara Keenam
Sixth Air Force - Emblem (World War II).jpg
Howard Air Force Base, Panama Redesignated United States Air Forces Southern Command in 1963. Inactivated in 1976.
Tentera Udara Ketujuh (AFKOR)
Seventh Air Force - Emblem.png
Osan Air Base, Korea PACAF C-NAF supporting USFK
Tentera Udara Kelapan (AFSTRAT-GS)
Eighth Air Force - Emblem.png
Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana AFGSC C-NAF supporting USSTRATCOM
Tentera Udara Kesembilan
Ninth Air Force - Emblem.png
Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina ACC C-NAF supporting USCENTCOM
Tentera Udara Kesepuluh
Tenth Air Force - Emblem.png
Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base (former Carswell Air Force Base), Fort Worth, Texas AFRC Air Force Reserve Command NAF for all AFRC B-52 units gained by AFGSC; all AFRC E-3, F-22, F-15C/D, F-15E, F-16, A-10, HC-130, HH-60, C-145, U-28, MQ-1, MQ-9 and RQ-4 units gained by ACC, PACAF and AFSOC, and all AFRC T-6, T-1 and T-38 "Associate" flying training units in support of AETC; 10 AF also has oversight for a single AFRC space wing in support of AFSPC
Tentera Udara Kesebelas
Eleventh Air Force - Emblem.png
Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska PACAF Air Component for Alaskan Command and Alaska NORAD Region. Administrative HQ for PACAF Wings not in 5th AF or 7th AF AORs.
Tentera Udara Kedua Belas (AFSOUTH)
Twelfth Air Force - Emblem.png
Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona ACC C-NAF supporting USSOUTHCOM
Tentera Udara Ketiga Belas (AFPAC)
Thirteenth Air Force - Emblem.png
Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii PACAF C-NAF previously supporting USPACOM. Inactivated in 2012.
Tentera Udara Keempat Belas (AFSTRAT-SP)
Fourteenth Air Force - Emblem.png
Vandenberg Air Force Base, California AFSPC C-NAF supporting USSTRATCOM
Tentera Udara Kelima Belas
15th Air Force.png
Travis Air Force Base AMC Redesignated 15th Expeditionary Mobility Task Force in 2003. Inactivated in 2012.
Tentera Udara Keenam Belas
16th Air Force.png
Izmir Air Base USAFE Redesignated 16th Air Expeditionary Task Force in 2006. Inactivated in 2008.
Tentera Udara Ketujuh Belas
Seventeenth Air Force - Emblem.png
Ramstein Air Base, Germany USAFE-
AFAFRICA
Inactivated in 2012. Redesignated 17th Expeditionary Air Force, supporting USAFRICOM.
Tentera Udara Kelapan Belas (AFTRANS)
Eighteenth Air Force - Emblem.png
Scott Air Force Base, Illinois AMC C-NAF supporting USTRANSCOM
Tentera Udara Kesembilan Belas
Nineteenth Air Force - Emblem.png
Randolph Air Force Base, Texas AETC Oversees all USAF flying training, to include all undergraduate flight training and selected Formal Training Units (FTU) and Replacement Training Units (RTU)
Tentera Udara Kedua Puluh
Twentieth Air Force - Emblem.png
F.E. Warren Air Force Base, Wyoming AFGSC C-NAF supporting USSTRATCOM
Tentera Udara Kedua Puluh Satu
21st Air Force.png
McGuire Air Force Base, New Jersey Redesignated 21st Expeditionary Mobility Task Force in 2003. Inactivated in 2012.
Tentera Udara Kedua Puluh Dua
Twenty-Second Air Force - Emblem.png
Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Georgia AFRC Air Force Reserve Command NAF for all AFRC C-130 and WC-130 units operationally-gained by Air Mobility Command and supporting USTRANSCOM
Tentera Udara Kedua Puluh Tiga (AFSOC)
Twenty-Third Air Force - Emblem.png
Hurlburt Field, Florida AFSOC C-NAF supporting USSOCOM. Inactivated in 2013.
Tentera Udara Kedua Puluh Empat (AFCYBER)
Twenty-Fourth Air Force - Emblem.png
Lackland Air Force Base, Texas[4] AFSPC C-NAF supporting the sub-unified command, USCYBERCOM, and the unified combatant command, USSTRATCOM
Tentera Udara Kedua Puluh Lima
25th Air Force Shield.jpg
Lackland Air Force Base, Texas ACC Redesignated from Air Force Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Agency on 29 September 2014.[5]

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c AFI 38–101, Air Force Organization. 16 March 2011.
  2. ^ a b AFI 38-205, Manpower & Quality Readiness and Contingency Management. 18 June 2002.
  3. ^ AFH 33-337, The Tongue and Quill. 1 August 2004.
  4. ^ "Air Force Announces Decision On Location Of 24th Air Force". Aero-News Network. Dicapai 13 August 2009. 
  5. ^ McCullough, Amy, "ISR Agency Becomes 25th Air Force", Air Force Magazine: Journal of the Air Force Association, November 2014, Volume 97 No. 11, p. 22