Istana Topkapı

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Istana Topkapı

Topkapi Palace Seen From Harem.JPG
Istana Topkapı dilihat dari Bosphorus

Negara Turki
Lokasi Istanbul
Gaya senibina Uthmaniyyah, Baroque
Koordinat 41°0′46.8″U 28°59′2.4″T / 41.013°U 28.984°T / 41.013; 28.984Koordinat: 41°0′46.8″U 28°59′2.4″T / 41.013°U 28.984°T / 41.013; 28.984
Arkitek Mehmed II, Alaüddin, Davud Ağa, Mimar Sinan,
Pelanggan Sultan Usmaniyyah
Pemilik Turki
Mula dibina Pertengahan kurun ke-15

sunting
Lihat pendokumenan templat ini
Sultan Mehmed II mengarahkan pembinaan awal sekitar tahun 1460-an

Istana Topkapı (Bahasa Turki: Topkapı Sarayı)[1] atau di dalam Uthmaniyyah Turki: طوپقپو سرايى, Topkapı Sarayı di dalam bahasa Turki bermaksud "Istana Pintu Meriam"). Ia adalah sebuah istana yang terletak di Istanbul, Turki, yang mana menjadi kediaman rasmi dan utama bagi sultan Uthmaniyyah selama 400 tahun dari 624 tahun tempoh pemerintahan mereka,[2] bermula pada tahun 1465 sehingga 1856.

Pada tahun 1924, di atas arahan presiden pertama Turki iaitu Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, istana ini ditukarkan menjadi sebuah muzium. Lokasi ini dipilih khas menjadikan ia dapat memerhati Tanduk Emas, Bosphorus dan Laut Marmara. Istana Topkapı di kelilingi oleh dinding sepanjang 5km dan luas 700,000 m2.

Imej[sunting | sunting sumber]

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. The word "Topkapı" is pronounced "Tope-kah-py" (with long "o").
  2. Simons, Marlise. "Center of Ottoman Power", New York Times, 1993-08-22. Dicapai pada 2009-06-04. 

Kesusasteraan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • G., Goodwin (2003). A History of Ottoman Architecture. London: Thames & Hudson Ltd.. ISBN 0-500-27429-0. 
  • Turhan Can, Topkapi Palace, Orient Turistik Yayinlar Ve Hizmetler Ltd., Istanbul, 1994;
  • Turner, J. (ed.) - Grove Dictionary of Art - Oxford University Press, USA; New edition (January 2, 1996); ISBN 0-19-517068-7
  • Ertug, Ahmet. Topkapi : The Palace of Felicity. Istanbul: Ertug and Koluk. m/s. 244 pages. 
  • İpşiroğlu, Mazhar Şevket (1980). Masterpieces from the Topkapı Museum : paintings and miniatures. London: Thames and Hudson. m/s. 150 pages. ISBN 0500233233. 
  • Goodwin, Godfrey (2000). Topkapi Palace: An Illustrated Guide to its Life and Personalities. Saqi Books. ISBN 0863560679. 
  • Topkapi Palace Museum. The Imperial Treasury. MAS Publications. 2001. ISBN 975-7710-04-0
  • Necipoğlu, Gülru (1991). Architecture, ceremonial, and power: The Topkapi Palace in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. m/s. 336 pages. ISBN 0-262-14050-0. 
  • Misugi, Takatoshi (1981). Chinese porcelain collections in the Near East: Topkapi and Ardebil. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. m/s. 273 pages. ISBN 962-209-004-4. 
  • Ahmet Ertuğ. Topkapi: The Palace of Felicity. Ertug & Kokabiyik. 1989. ASIN B0006F4CM6
  • Tahsin Oz. Topkapi Saray Museum 50 Masterpieces. Turkish Press. ASIN B000VHIQCG
  • J. M. Rogers. The Topkapi Saray Museum. Architecture; the Harem and other buildings. New York Graphic Society. 1988. ASIN B000MKDDF2
  • Hulya Tezcan, J. M. Rogers. The Topkapi Saray Museum: Textiles. Bulfinch Press. 1986. ISBN 978-0-8212-1634-7
  • J. M. Rogers (Author), Cengiz Koseoglu. Topkapi Saray Museum. Bulfinch Press. 1988. ISBN 978-0-8212-1672-9
  • Rogers, J.M. (1987). The Topkapı Saray Museum: Carpets. Boston: Little, Brown & Company. m/s. 248 pages. ISBN 0-8212-1679-1. 
  • Filiz Pcafgman (Author), J. M. Rogers. The Topkapi Saray Museum: Manuscripts. Bulfinch Press. 1986. ISBN 978-0-8212-1633-0
  • Regina Krahl (Author), Nurdan Erbahar (Author), John Ayers (Author). Chinese Ceramics in Topkapi Saray Museum, Istanbul: A Complete Catalogue. Sotheby Parke Bernet Publications. 1986. ISBN 978-0-85667-184-5
  • Zeynep M. Durukan. The Harem of the Topkapi Palace. Hilal Matbaacilik Koll. 1973. ASIN B000OLCZPI
  • Esin Atil. Suleymanname: The Illustrated History of Suleyman the Magnificent. Harry N Abrams. 1986. ISBN 978-0-8109-1505-3
  • Fanny Davis. Palace of Topkapi in Istanbul. 1970. ASIN B000NP64Z2
  • Turhan Can. Topkapi Palace. Orient Touristic Publishing Service. 1997. ASIN B000JERAEQ
  • Claire, Karaz (2004). Topkapi Palace Inside and Out: A Guide to the Topkapi Palace Museum and Grounds. Istanbul: Çitlembik Publications. m/s. 104 pages. ISBN 978-9756663493. 
  • Sabahattin Turkoglu. The Topkapi Palace. NET. 1989. ISBN 978-975-479-074-0
  • Ilhan Aksit. Topkapi Palace. Istanbul. 1994. ASIN B000MPGBGK
  • Ergun, Nilgün, and Özge İskender. 2003. Gardens of the Topkapi Palace: An example of Turkish garden art. Studies in the History of Gardens & Designed Landscapes, vol.23, no.i: 57-71.
  • Ilber Ortaylı. Topkapi Palace. Tughra Books. Somerset, New Jersey (2008). ISBN 978-1-59784-141-2
  • İlhan Akşit. The Mystery of the Ottoman Harem. Akşit Kültür Turizm Yayınları. ISBN 975-7039-26-8

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]