Angkatan Tentera Ukraine

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Angkatan Tentera Ukraine
Збройні сили України
Emblem of the Ukrainian Armed Forces.svg
Lambang Angkatan Tentera Ukraine
Diasaskan 1917
Bentuk kini Ditubuhkan semula pada 6 Dis 1991[1]
Cabang khidmat Emblem of Ukrainian Ground Forces Ground Forces
Emblem of Ukrainian Air Force Air Force
Emblem of Ukrainian Navy Navy
Emblem of Ukrainian Airmobile Forces Air Assault Forces
Emblem of Special Operations Special Operations Forces[2]
Ibu pejabat Kiev
Kepimpinan
Panglima Tertinggi Volodymyr Zelensky[3]
Menteri Pertahanan Stepan Poltorak[4]
Ketua Staf Jeneral Ruslan Khomchack[4][5]
Usia masuk tentera 18[6]
Pengerahan 12 months (GF, AF)
18 months (Navy)
Sedia berkhidmat
dalam tentera
11,149,646, usia 16–49 (2015[10])
Sesuai untuk
berkhidmat
6,970,035, usia 16–49  (2015[10])
Capaian usia masuk
tentera tahunan
482,000 (2018) (2015[10])
Kakitangan aktif 255,000 (2018)[7] (Kedudukan 29)
Kakitangan simpanan 1,000,000 (2018)[8]
Kakitangan diatur 60,000[9]
Perbelanjaan
Bajet 4.1 bilion[11][12] (2019)
Peratusan KDNK 2.6% (2019)
Industri
Pembekal domestik Ukroboronprom (Industri Pertahanan Ukraine)
Pembekal luar  Amerika Syarikat[13]
 United Kingdom[13]
 Perancis
 Kesatuan Eropah[13]
 Australia[13]
 Kanada[13]
 Israel
Former:
 Russia
 Czechoslovakia
 Poland
 Bulgaria
Rencana berkaitan
Sejarah Perang Ukraine–Soviet
Perang Poland–Ukraine
Krisis Crimea 1992–94
Pasukan Kosovo
UNAMSIL
Konflik Pulau Tuzla
ISAF
Perang Iraq
ONUCI
Operasi Ocean Shield
MONUSCO
Operasi Atalanta
Rusuhan Pro-Rusia di Ukraine
Pendudukan di Crimea
Perang Donbass
Pangkat Pangkat ketenteraan Ukraine
Ensign of the Ukrainian Armed Forces.svg
Bendera Angkatan Tentera Ukraine

Templat:Armies of Ukraine Templat:Politics of Ukraine

Angkatan Tentera Ukraine (Bahasa Ukraine: Збройні сили України (ЗСУ) Zbroyni Syly Ukrayiny, (ZSU)) merupakan angkatan bersenjata di Ukraine. Ia merupakan pasukan pertahanan utama untuk menentang sebarang usaha serangan ke atas negara berdaulat Ukraine. Kesemua pasukan bersenjata dan keselamatan termasuk Angkatan Tentera berada di bawah arahan Presiden Ukraine, dan tertakluk kepada pentadbiran oleh sebuah suruhanjaya tetap parlimen, Verkhovna Rada.

Angkatan Tentera Ukraine terdiri daripada Tentera Darat Ukraine, Tentera Laut Ukraine, Tentera Udara Ukraine, dan Pasukan Atur Udara Ukraine. Pasukan laut Ukraine mengekalkan pasukan kecil Infantri Laut Ukraine selain Penerbangan Laut Ukraine. Pengawal Laut Ukraine pula merupakan cabang pengawal pantai di Ukraine. Bagaimanapun, ianya merupakan sebahagian daripada Khidmat Pengawal Sempadan Negara Ukraine dan bukannya di berada bawah pasukan Tentera Laut Ukraine. Akibat daripada campur tangan ketenteraan Rusia di Ukraine bermula pada tahun 2014, gabenor yang dilantik oleh presiden di oblast Ukraine mesti menubuhkan unit-unit pertahanan wilayah Ukraine di bawah program yang dikenali sebagai "Pertahanan Simpanan".

Pengawal Kebangsaan Ukraine bertugas sebagai sebuah pasukan simpanan kepada Angkatan Tentera Ukraine.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Про Збройні Сили України - від 6 December 1991 № 1934-XII". zakon1.rada.gov.ua. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 30 March 2012. Dicapai 1 June 2012. 
  2. ^ Special Operations Forces, what will the new branch be like? Diarkibkan 2015-09-21 di Wayback Machine.. ESPRESO. 22 April 2015
  3. ^ Lukas Alpert (29 May 2014). "Petro Poroshenko to Be Inaugurated as Ukraine President June 7". The Wall Street Journal. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada May 29, 2014. Dicapai 29 May 2014. 
    Rada decides to hold inauguration of Poroshenko on June 7 at 1000 Diarkibkan 2014-06-03 di Wayback Machine., Interfax-Ukraine (3 June 2014)
    Poroshenko sworn in as Ukrainian president Diarkibkan 2014-07-01 di Wayback Machine., Interfax-Ukraine (7 June 2014)
  4. ^ a b Ukraine's new defence minister promises Crimea victory Diarkibkan 2018-07-29 di Wayback Machine., BBC News (3 July 2014)
  5. ^ President appoints Muzhenko as commander-in-chief of Armed Forces Diarkibkan 2014-07-04 di Wayback Machine., Ukrinform (3 July 2014)
  6. ^ "Стаття 15. Призовний вік. Призов громадян України на строкову військову службу. На строкову військову службу в мирний час призиваються придатні для цього за станом здоров'я громадяни України чоловічої статі, яким до дня відправлення у військові частини виповнилося 18 років"
    Закон № 2232-XII від 25 March 1992 "Про військовий обов'язок і військову службу" (ред. від 15 January 2015)
  7. ^ http://www.mil.gov.ua/news/2019/01/22/ministerstvom-oboroni-viznacheno-osnovni-prioriteti-finansuvannya-na-2019-rik/
  8. ^ "Ukraine's Defense Ministry elaborates on military reserve". UNIAN. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2016-09-30. Dicapai 2016-10-18. 
  9. ^ "Порошенко: В зоне АТО находятся 60 тысяч украинских военнослужащих". UNIAN. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2015-06-27. Dicapai 2015-06-26. 
  10. ^ CIA World Factbook, Military of Ukraine Diarkibkan 2014-01-29 di Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2018-10-16. Dicapai 2018-10-16. 
  12. ^ {{Cite web | url=http://www.mil.gov.ua/news/2018/10/29/proekt-derzhbyudzhetu-2019-na-potrebi-vijska-planuetsya-vidiliti-ponad-100-milyardiv-griven-intervyu-direktora-departamentu-finansiv-mo-ukraini/%7Cdead-url=no |df= }}
  13. ^ a b c d e [U.S. supplies maximum arms to Ukraine: Media],  Australia (3 August 2016)

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • James Sherr, 'Ukraine's Defence Reform: An Update', Conflict Studies Research Centre, 2002
  • Melanie Bright, The Jane's Interview: Yevhen Marchuk, Ukraine's Minister of Defence, Jane's Defence Weekly, 7 January 2004
  • John Jaworsky, "Ukraine's Armed Forces and Military Policy," Harvard Ukrainian Studies Vol. 20, UKRAINE IN THE WORLD: Studies in the International Relations and Security Structure of a Newly Independent State (1996), pp. 223–247
  • Kuzio, T., "Ukrainian Armed Forces in Crisis," Jane's Intelligence Review, 1995, Vol. 7; No. 7, page 305
  • Kuzio, T., "The organization of Ukraine's forces," Jane's Intelligence Review, June 1996, Vol. 8; No. 6, pages 254-258
  • Ben Lombardia, "Ukrainian armed forces: Defence expenditure and military reform," The Journal of Slavic Military Studies, Volume 14, Issue 3, 2001, pages 31–68
  • Mychajlyszyn, Natalie (2002). "Civil-Military Relations in Post-Soviet Ukraine: Implciations for Domestic and Regional Stability". Armed Forces & Society. Interuniversity Seminar on Armed Forces and Society. 28 (3): 455–479. doi:10.1177/0095327x0202800306. 
  • Walter Parchomenko, "Prospects for Genuine Reform in Ukraine's Security Forces," Armed Forces & Society, 2002, Vol. 28, No. 2
  • Brigitte Sauerwein, "Rich in Arms, Poor in Tradition," International Defence Review, No. 4, April 1993, 317–318.
  • J Sherr, "Ukraine: The Pursuit of Defence Reform in an Unfavourable Context," 2004, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom
  • J Sherr, "Into Reverse?: The Dismissal of Ukraine's Minister of Defence," 2004, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom
  • Sharon L. Wolchik, Ukraine: The Search for a National Identity. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2000
  • Steven J Zaloga, "Armed Forces in Ukraine," Jane's Intelligence Review, March 1992, p. 135
  • Jane's Intelligence Review, September 1993, re Crimea
  • Woff, Richard, Armed Forces of the Former Soviet Union: Evolution, Structure and Personalities. London: Brassey's, c. 1996.

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Military of Ukraine

Templat:Black Sea Naval Co-operation Task Group Templat:Ukraine topics Templat:North Atlantic Treaty Organization Templat:2014 Crimean crisis Templat:2014 pro-Russian conflict in Ukraine