Bahasa-bahasa Sino-Tibet

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Sino-Tibet
Taburan
geografi:
Asia Timur, Asia Tenggara, Asia Selatan
Klasifikasi bahasa:Salah satu keluarga bahasa utama dunia
Pembahagian:
  • Kira-kira 40 kumpulan peringkat rendah yang mantap (lihat Van Driem (2011), beberapa yang tidak tergolong dalam Sino-Tibet langsung
  • Banyak cadangan pengkumpulan peringkat tinggi
  • Bahagian tradisional:
  • Sinitik vs. yang lain (Tibeto-Burma)
ISO 639-2 / 5:sit
Glottolog:sino1245
{{{mapalt}}}
Peluasan pelbagai cabang Sino-Tibet

Bahasa-bahasa Sino-Tibet ialah sebuah keluarga bahasa yang terdiri daripada lebih 400 bahasa yang ditutur di Asia Timur, Asia Tenggara dan sebahagian Asia Selatan. Keluarga ini merupakan keluarga bahasa kedua terbesar selepas bahasa-bahasa Indo-Eropah dalam istilah bilangan penutur asli. Bahasa-bahasa Sino-Tibet dengan penutur asli terbanyak ialah bahasa Cina (1.2 bilion penutur), Burma (33 juta) dan bahasa-bahasa Tibet (8 juta). Banyak bahasa Sino-Tibet ditutur oleh masyarakat kecil di kawasan gunung terpencil dan kurang didokumenkan.

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  • Beckwith, Christopher I. (2002a), "Introduction", dalam Beckwith, Christopher (penyunting), Medieval Tibeto-Burman languages, Brill, m/s. xiii–xix, ISBN 978-90-04-12424-0. Unknown parameter |authormask= ignored (bantuan)
  • Beckwith, Christopher I. (2002b), "The Sino-Tibetan problem", dalam Beckwith, Christopher (penyunting), Medieval Tibeto-Burman languages, Brill, m/s. 113–158, ISBN 978-90-04-12424-0. Unknown parameter |authormask= ignored (bantuan)
  • Benedict, Paul K. (1942), "Thai, Kadai, and Indonesian: A New Alignment in Southeastern Asia", American Anthropologist, 44 (4): 576–601, doi:10.1525/aa.1942.44.4.02a00040, JSTOR 663309.
  • Benedict, Paul K. (1972), Sino-Tibetan: A Conspectus (PDF), Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-08175-7. Unknown parameter |authormask= ignored (bantuan)
  • Blench, Roger; Post, Mark (2013), "Rethinking Sino-Tibetan phylogeny from the perspective of North East Indian languages", dalam Hill, Nathan W.; Owen-Smith, Thomas (penyunting), Trans-Himalayan Linguistics, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, m/s. 71–104, ISBN 978-3-11-031083-2.
  • Bodman, Nicholas C. (1980), "Proto-Chinese and Sino-Tibetan: data towards establishing the nature of the relationship", dalam van Coetsem, Frans; Waugh, Linda R. (penyunting), Contributions to historical linguistics: issues and materials, Leiden: E. J. Brill, m/s. 34–199, ISBN 978-90-04-06130-9.
  • Burling, Robbins (1983), "The Sal Languages" (PDF), Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, 7 (2): 1–32.
  • DeLancey, Scott (2009), "Sino-Tibetan languages", dalam Comrie, Bernard (penyunting), The World's Major Languages (ed. 2nd), Routledge, m/s. 693–702, ISBN 978-1-134-26156-7.
  • van Driem, George (1987), A grammar of Limbu, Mouton grammar library, 4, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, ISBN 978-3-11-011282-5.
  • van Driem, George (1997), "Sino-Bodic", Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 60 (3): 455–488, doi:10.1017/S0041977X0003250X. Unknown parameter |authormask= ignored (bantuan)
  • van Driem, George (2001), Languages of the Himalayas: An Ethnolinguistic Handbook of the Greater Himalayan Region, Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-12062-4. Unknown parameter |authormask= ignored (bantuan)
  • van Driem, George L. (2011a), "Tibeto-Burman subgroups and historical grammar", Himalayan Linguistics Journal, 10 (1): 31–39, diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2012-01-12, dicapai pada 2015-01-25. Unknown parameter |authormask= ignored (bantuan)
  • van Driem, George (2011b), "The Trans-Himalayan phylum and its implications for population prehistory" (PDF), Communication on Contemporary Anthropology, 5: 135–142, doi:10.4236/coca.2011.51020, diarkibkan daripada yang asal (PDF) pada 2013-06-06, dicapai pada 2015-01-25. Unknown parameter |authormask= ignored (bantuan)
  • Dryer, Matthew S. (2003), "Word order in Sino-Tibetan languages from a typological and geographical perspective", dalam Thurgood, Graham; LaPolla, Randy J. (penyunting), The Sino-Tibetan languages, London: Routledge, m/s. 43–55, ISBN 978-0-7007-1129-1.
  • Gong, Hwang-cherng (1980), "A Comparative Study of the Chinese, Tibetan, and Burmese Vowel Systems", Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica, 51: 455–489.
  • Hale, Austin (1982), Research on Tibeto-Burman Languages, State-of-the-art report, Trends in linguistics, 14, Walter de Gruyter, ISBN 978-90-279-3379-9.
  • Handel, Zev (2008), "What is Sino-Tibetan? Snapshot of a Field and a Language Family in Flux", Language and Linguistics Compass, 2 (3): 422–441, doi:10.1111/j.1749-818X.2008.00061.x.
  • Hill, Nathan W. (2012), "The six vowel hypothesis of Old Chinese in comparative context", Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics, 6 (2): 1–69.
  • Hill, Nathan W. (2014), "Cognates of Old Chinese *-n, *-r, and *-j in Tibetan and Burmese", Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale, 43 (2): 91–109
  • Klaproth, Julius (1823), Asia Polyglotta, Paris: B.A. Shubart.
  • Kuhn, Ernst (1889), "Beiträge zur Sprachenkunde Hinterindiens" (PDF), Sitzungsberichte der Königlichen Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-Philologische und Historische Klasse, Sitzung vom 2 März 1889: 189–236. External link in |journal= (bantuan)[pautan putus]
  • LaPolla, Randy J. (2003), "Overview of Sino-Tibetan morphosyntax", dalam Thurgood, Graham; LaPolla, Randy J. (penyunting), The Sino-Tibetan languages, London: Routledge, m/s. 22–42, ISBN 978-0-7007-1129-1.
  • Lewis, M. Paul; Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., penyunting (2013), Ethnologue: Languages of the World (ed. Seventeenth), Dallas, Texas: SIL International.
  • Li, Fang-Kuei (1937), "Languages and Dialects", dalam Shih, Ch'ao-ying; Chang, Ch'i-hsien (penyunting), The Chinese Year Book, Commercial Press, m/s. 59–65, reprinted as Li, Fang-Kuei (1973), "Languages and Dialects of China", Journal of Chinese Linguistics, 1 (1): 1–13.
  • Logan, James R. (1856), "The Maruwi of the Baniak Islands", Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia, 1 (1): 1–42.
  • Logan, James R. (1858), "The West-Himalaic or Tibetan tribes of Asam, Burma and Pegu", Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia, 2 (1): 68–114. Unknown parameter |authormask= ignored (bantuan)
  • Matisoff, James A. (1991), "Sino-Tibetan Linguistics: Present State and Future Prospects", Annual Review of Anthropology, 20: 469–504, doi:10.1146/annurev.anthro.20.1.469, JSTOR 2155809.
  • Matisoff, James A. (2000), "On 'Sino-Bodic' and Other Symptoms of Neosubgroupitis", Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 63 (3): 356–369, doi:10.1017/s0041977x00008442, JSTOR 1559492. Unknown parameter |authormask= ignored (bantuan)
  • Matisoff, James A. (2003), Handbook of Proto-Tibeto-Burman: System and Philosophy of Sino-Tibetan Reconstruction, Berkeley: University of California Press, ISBN 978-0-520-09843-5. Unknown parameter |authormask= ignored (bantuan)
  • Miller, Roy Andrew (1974), "Sino-Tibetan: Inspection of a Conspectus", Journal of the American Oriental Society, 94 (2): 195–209, JSTOR 600891.
  • Przyluski, J.; Luce, G. H. (1931), "The Number 'A Hundred' in Sino-Tibetan", Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 6 (3): 667–668, doi:10.1017/S0041977X00093150.
  • Sagart, Laurent (2005), "Sino-Tibetan–Austronesian: an updated and improved argument", dalam Sagart, Laurent; Blench, Roger; Sanchez-Mazas, Alicia (penyunting), The Peopling of East Asia: Putting Together Archaeology, Linguistics and Genetics, London: Routledge Curzon, m/s. 161–176, ISBN 978-0-415-32242-3. Unknown parameter |chapterurl= ignored (bantuan)
  • Sapir, Edward (1925), "Review: Les Langues du Monde", Modern Language Notes, 40 (6): 373–375, JSTOR 2914102.
  • Shafer, Robert (1952), "Athapaskan and Sino-Tibetan", International Journal of American Linguistics, 18 (1): 12–19, doi:10.1086/464142, JSTOR 1263121.
  • Shafer, Robert (1955), "Classification of the Sino-Tibetan languages", Word (Journal of the Linguistic Circle of New York), 11 (1): 94–111. Unknown parameter |authormask= ignored (bantuan)
  • Shafer, Robert (1966), Introduction to Sino-Tibetan, 1, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, ISBN 978-3-447-01559-2. Unknown parameter |authormask= ignored (bantuan)
  • Sharma, Devidatta (1988), A Descriptive Grammar of Kinnauri, Mittal Publications, ISBN 978-81-7099-049-9.
  • Thurgood, Graham (2003), "A subgrouping of the Sino-Tibetan languages", dalam Thurgood, Graham; LaPolla, Randy J. (penyunting), The Sino-Tibetan languages, London: Routledge, m/s. 3–21, ISBN 978-0-7007-1129-1.
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