DreamWorks Animation

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DreamWorks Animation SKG, Inc.
Awam (NASDAQ: DWA)
Industri CGI animasi
Filem
Ditubuhkan 2000
Ibu pejabat Glendale, California, Amerika Syarikat
Perancang utama
Jeffrey Katzenberg, CEO
Roger Enrico, Pengerusi
Lew Coleman, Presiden
Keluaran Filem animasi
Laman sesawang www.DreamWorksAnimation.com

DreamWorks Animation SKG, Inc. (NASDAQ: DWA) ialah sebuah studio animasi Amerika yang utamanya menghasilkan siri filem animasi komputer yang terkenal secara komersial, termasuk Shrek, Shark Tale, Madagascar, Over the Hedge, Bee Movie, Kung Fu Panda, Monsters vs. Aliens, dan How to Train Your Dragon. Sungguhpun studio ini menghasilkan filem animasi tradisi mengenai subjek serius pada awalnya, kebanyakan filem animasi komputer dan siri televisen mereka kini mendapat reputasi sebagai menumpu kepada budaya popular dan satire, sungguhpun kejayaan mereka paling besar dalam tahun kebelakangan memiliki tema lebih sejagat.[1] Studio ini dibentuk melalui gabungan division animasi feature DreamWorks dan Pacific Data Images (PDI). Pada asalnya dibentuk di bawah panji-panji DreamWorks SKG, ia diolah menjadi syarikat awam berasingan pada tahun 2004.

Mereka kini hanya mengedar hanya melalui Paramount Pictures Viacom yang mengambil keseluruhan DreamWorks SKG pada Februari 2006, mengolah ia semula sekali lagi pada 2008. DreamWorks Animation mengekalkan dua kampus: studio animasi feature DreamWorks asal di Glendale, California dan studio PDI di Redwood City, California.

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

1993–2003[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pada Oktober 12 1993, DreamWorks SKG telah dibentuk dan diasaskan oleh tiga ahli seni iaitu pengarah dan penerbit Steven Spielberg, eksekutif musik David Geffen dan pengasas Disney eksekutif Jeffrey Katzenberg. DreamWorks telah menandatangani perjanjian bersama dengan Pacific Data Images untuk membentuk anak syarikat PDI, LLC (PDI memiliki 60% PDI, LLC manakala DreamWorks SKG memiliki 40%). Pacific Data Images telah ditubuhkan oleh Carl Rosendahl in 1980 dengan sedikit pinjaman dari ayahnya. Pada tahun 1982 kemudiannya telah disertai oleh Richard Chuang dan Glenn Entis, yang telah menulis asas kepada perisian animasi komputer di rumah yang akhirnya digunakan 2 dekad kemudian. Semasa tahun 1980-an, PDI telah mencipta banyak logo animasi dan komersial untuk televisyen seperti syarikat NBC dan Sky Movies. Ia kemudiannya beralih ke gambar kesan visual bermula pada tahun 1991 dengan menghasilkan Terminator 2: Judgment Day. Unit baru yang menggunakan janaan komputer sepenuhnya menghasilkan filem Antz pada tahun 1998. Pada tahun yang sama juga DreamWorks SKG telah menerbitkan The Prince of Egypt, yang menggunakan kedua-dua teknologi CG dan teknik tradisional animasi.

Pada tahun 2000, DreamWorks SKG mencipta satu cabang perniagaan baru iaitu DreamWorks Animation, yang akan menjadi pengeluar tetap filem animasi. Kesemua 4 filem animasi tradisional akan dihasilkan oleh cawangan Southern California dalam cabang perniagaan tersebut. DreamWorks SKG mempunyai (90%) kepentingan iaitu majoriti dalam PDI, pembaharuan dalam PDI/DreamWorks telah dibuat, cawangan Northern California dijadikan satu bahagian bisnes yang baru. Cabang perniagaan tersebut telah dipisahkan dari syarikat induk pada tahun 2004, yang membentuk DreamWorks Animation SKG, Inc. dan membeli baki kepentingan dalam PDI serta anak syarikat PDI, LLC.

2004–2009[sunting | sunting sumber]

Dari 2004 hinggan 2009, the studio is dedicated solely to producing CG animated films in-house dan has committed itself to make 2 computer-animated feature films a year. No more traditional 2D animation is expected.

In 2005, DreamWorks Animation partnered with HP to introduce HP Halo Telepresence Solutions, technologies that allow people in different locations to communicate in a face-to-face environment in real time. Users are able to see dan hear one another's physical dan emotional reactions to conversation dan information as it is being shared, whether across a country or across the world. DreamWorks Animation has used this technology in the production of several animated films including the Shrek trilogy, Kung-Fu Panda dan How to Train Your Dragon.[2]

DreamWorks Animation also had a partnership with Aardman Animations, a stop-motion animation company in Bristol, England. This partnership had DreamWorks participating in the production of stop-motion films in Bristol, dan also had Aardman participating in some of the CG films made in the US. This partnership ended after the release of Flushed Away in November 2006; the announcement was made before the filem's release, on October 3, citing "creative differences" as the reason.[3]

The logo is adapted from the parent studio's logo. Logo asal yang consists seorang budak memancing atas bulan, dengan latar belakang langit hari cerah albeit with more colorful lettering. The soundtrack of this logo was originally an adaptation of the DreamWorks theme; however, following the global success of Shrek in 2001, this became a shortened adaptation of True Love's First Kiss (the Love Theme from the Shrek soundtrack), composed by John Powell (itself adapted from "Hallelujah" by Leonard Cohen).

Pada 2009, the studio made the list of Fortune Magazine's best 100 companies to work for, pada kedudukan ke-47. Pekerja DreamWorks dapat menikmati sarapan dan makanan tengahari secara percuma, satu faedah yang tidak diberi pelbagai syarikat lain.[4]

Sejak 2009, DreamWorks Animation telah membuat filem animasi 3-D, dengan bantuan InTru3D.

Pada 28 Mei, 2009, studio mengumumkan rancangannya mengeluarkan lima feature films setiap dua tahun bermula dengan tiga filem dalam tahun 2010.[5]

2010–sekarang[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pada 2010, sebuah logo baru diperkenalkan di mana lelaki yang duduk di atas bulan waves away awan dengan fishing pole semasa huruf-huruf DreamWorks mengambil kedudukan mereka; logo ini digunakan pertama kalinya dalam filem How to Train Your Dragon.

Pada 2010 DreamWorks Animation ranked number 6 on the Forbes 100 Best Companies to Work For list. It is praised by its employees for its keterbukaan dan budaya kerjasamanya.[6]

Pada 4 June , 2010, DreamWorks Animation dan Royal Caribbean announced a strategic alliance set to take place onboard Royal Caribbean cruise ships including Allure of the Seas.[7]

Pada June 2010, Dreamworks Animation created a new division, Moon Boy Animation, to premiere the TBS animated show, Neighbors from Hell .

Rakan kongsi[sunting | sunting sumber]

DreamWorks Animation memiliki rakan kongsi berterusan bersama HP, dan studio ini menggunakan stesyen kerja dan pelayan HP secara esklusif. Pada 2005, AMD menandatangani perjanjian 3 tahun bagi membekalkan pemprosessor kepada studio itu. Hubungan ini berakhir pada 2008, dan Dreamworks mengumumkan bahawa mereka akan menggunakan pemprosessor Intel bagi penghasilan akan datang.[8]

Lembaga Pengarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

The PDI/DreamWorks Studio in Redwood City, California

Antara eksekutif[9] dalam DreamWorks Animation SKG, Inc.:

  • Roger Enrico, Pengerusi DreamWorks Animation SKG Inc.
  • Jeffrey Katzenberg, Ketua Pegawai Eksekutif DreamWorks Animation SKG, Inc./Pengasas Bersama DreamWorks.
  • Lew Coleman, Presiden DreamWorks Animation SKG, Inc.
  • Mellody Hobson, Presiden Ariel Capital Management
  • Nathan Myhrvold, Ketua Pegawai Eksekutif Intelek Ventures
  • Richard Sherman, CEO Syarikat David Geffen
  • Karl von der Heyden, Bekas Pengerusi Kanan dan Ketua Pegawai Kewangan Pepsico, Inc.
  • Judson Green, presiden dan Ketua Pegawai Eksekutif NAVTEQ
  • Michael Montgomery, Presiden Montgomery & Co.
  • Thomas E. Freston, Bekas CEO Viacom
  • Harry (Skip) Brittenham, Pengarah

Produksi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Filem[sunting | sunting sumber]

# Tajuk Tarikh keluaran Perbelanjaan Pulangan kasar
(dolar Amerika Syarikat)
RT MC IMDb
1 Antz Oktober 2, 1998 $60,000,000 $171,757,863 95% 72 6.8
2 The Prince of Egypt Disember 18, 1998 $70,000,000 $218,613,188 79% 64 6.8
3 The Road to El Dorado Mac 31, 2000 $95,000,000 $76,432,727 49% 51 6.4
4 Chicken Run Jun 23, 2000 $45,000,000 $224,834,564 96% 88 7.3
5 Shrek Mei 18, 2001 $60,000,000 $484,409,218 89% 84 8.0
6 Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron Mei 24, 2002 $80,000,000 $122,563,539 69% 52 6.6
7 Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas Julai 22, 2003 $60,000,000 $80,767,884 46% 48 6.6
8 Shrek 2 Mei 19, 2004 $150,000,000 $919,838,758 89% 75 7.5
9 Shark Tale Oktober 1, 2004 $75,000,000 $367,275,019 34% 48 5.9
10 Madagascar Mei 27, 2005 $78,000,000 $532,680,671 55% 57 6.6
11 Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit Oktober 7, 2005 $30,000,000 $192,610,372 95% 87 7.9
12 Over the Hedge Mei 19, 2006 $80,000,000 $336,002,996 74% 67 7.0
13 Flushed Away November 3, 2006 $149,000,000 $178,120,010 72% 74 7.0
14 Shrek the Third Mei 18, 2007 $160,000,000 $798,958,162 41% 58 6.1
15 Bee Movie November 2, 2007 $150,000,000 $287,594,577 51% 54 6.3
16 Kung Fu Panda Jun 6, 2008 $130,000,000 $631,744,560 89% 73 7.7
17 Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa November 7, 2008 $150,000,000 $603,900,354 64% 61 6.8
18 Monsters vs. Aliens Mac 27, 2009 $175,000,000 $381,509,870 72% 56 6.8
19 How to Train Your Dragon Mac 26, 2010 $165,000,000 $492,591,956 98% 74 8.2
20 Shrek Forever After Mei 21, 2010 $165,000,000 $734,036,937 58% 58 6.7
21 Megamind November 5, 2010 $ 53% 6.8

Filem akan datang[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tajuk Tarikh Keluaran Rujukan
Kung Fu Panda 2: The Kaboom of Doom Mei 26, 2011
Puss in Boots: The Story of an Ogre Killer November 4, 2011
The Croods Mac 30, 2012
Madagascar 3 Mei 18, 2012
The Guardians of Childhood November 21, 2012
How to Train Your Dragon 2 Disember 23, 2013 [10]
Shark Tale 2 Jun 2, 2012 [11]
Pig Scrolls 2013 [12]
Dinotrux TBA [13] [14]
Gil's All Fright Diner TBA [15]
Good Luck Trolls TBA [16]
Boo U TBA [17]
Truckers TBA [17]
Imaginary Enemies TBA [18]
Trollhunters TBA [19]
Alma TBA [20]

Terus ke video[sunting | sunting sumber]

TV specials[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tajuk Tarikh keluaran Saluran
Shrek the Halls November 24, 2007 ABC
Monsters vs. Aliens: Mutant Pumpkins from Outer Space October 28, 2009 NBC
Merry Madagascar November 17, 2009 NBC
Scared Shrekless October 28, 2010 NBC
Kung Fu Panda Holiday Special November 24, 2010 NBC

Filem pendek[sunting | sunting sumber]

Siri televisyen beranimasi tradisional[sunting | sunting sumber]

Siri televisyen beranimasi komputer[sunting | sunting sumber]

Additionally, DreamWorks Animation holds the underlying US rights to the DiC animated series Alienators: Evolution Continues, co-produced with the parent DreamWorks studio dan Columbia TriStar Television (now Sony Pictures Television, who holds international rights). The series was a spin-off of the 2001 DreamWorks/Columbia filem Evolution. The same also applies to Neighbors From Hell, since the show is a co-production of Dreamworks Animation (via their newly established Moon Boy Animation division), an independent company known as Bento Box Entertainment dan 20th Century Fox Television.

Punca[sunting | sunting sumber]

Dalam[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Hewlett-Packard (2005-12-05). "HP Unveils Halo Collaboration Studios: Life-like Communication Leaps Across Geographic Boundaries". Hewlett-Packard. Dicapai 2010-10-30. 
  3. ^ Ryan Ball (2006-10-03). "Splitsville for DreamWorks dan Aardman?". Animation Magazine. Dicapai 2010-10-30. 
  4. ^ Fortune (2009-02-02). "100 Best Companies to Work For". Fortune (magazine). Dicapai 2010-10-30. 
  5. ^ DreamWorks Animation SKG, Inc. (2009-05-28). "DreamWorks Animation Announces Plans to Release Five Feature Films Every Two Years". DreamWorks Animation. Dicapai 2010-10-30. 
  6. ^ Fortune (2010-02-08). "100 Best Companies to Work For 2010". Fortune (magazine). Dicapai 2010-10-30. 
  7. ^ Royal Caribbean International (2010-06-04). "FROM THE BIG SCREEN TO THE HIGH SEAS: ROYAL CARIBBEAN dan DREAMWORKS ANIMATION UNVEIL AN UNPRECEDENTED STRATEGIC ALLIANCE". Royal Caribbean International. Dicapai 2010-10-30. 
  8. ^ Bloomberg News (2008-07-09). "Intel to replace AMD as DreamWorks supplier". Los Angeles Times. Dicapai 2010-10-30. 
  9. ^ DreamWorks Animation SKG Inc. Board of Directors – BuisnessWeek
  10. ^ Bond, Paul (2010-04-27). "Train Your Dragon' sequel in the works". The Hollywood Reporter. Dicapai 2010-04-27. 
  11. ^ "'Shark Tale 2' gets in cinemas on June 2012". The Hollywood Reporter. 2011-02-04. Dicapai 2011-01-01. 
  12. ^ Dustin Rowles (2010-04-08). "Exclusive: Barry Sonnenfeld to Direct "Pig Scrolls" for Dreamworks Animation". Pajiba. Dicapai 2010-09-28. 
  13. ^ Michael Fleming (2009-03-09). "DreamWorks to drive 'Dinotrux'". Variety. Dicapai 2010-09-28. 
  14. ^ Chris Gall. "Chris Gall - Illustrator dan Author - books - Dinotrux". Dicapai 2010-09-28. 
  15. ^ Michael Fleming (2009-12-16). "Writers dine on 'Diner'". Variety. Dicapai 2010-09-28. 
  16. ^ Kilday, Gregg (2010-06-22). "DreamWorks plans Good Luck Trolls movie". The Hollywood Reporter. Dicapai 2010-06-23. 
  17. ^ a b Lisanti, Tony (2010-07-01). "Dream Makers". licensemag.com. Dicapai 2010-10-18. 
  18. ^ Bettinger, Brendan (2010-08-19). "DreamWorks Animation Makes IMAGINARY ENEMIES; Could Be Their First Live-Action/CG Hybrid". collider.com. Dicapai 2010-10-18. 
  19. ^ Borys Kit (2009-09-27). "Guillermo del Toro, DreamWorks Ani strike deal". The Hollywood Reporter. Dicapai 2010-09-27. 
  20. ^ Steven Zeitchik (2010-10-20). "Guillermo del Toro finds soul with 'Alma'". Los Angeles Times. Dicapai 2010-10-21. 
  21. ^ Nickelodeon (2009-05-14). "Nickelodeon to Launch New CG Animated Kung Fu Panda: The Series from DreamWorks Animation SKG". PRNewswire. Dicapai 2010-10-27. 
  22. ^ Szalai, Georg (2009-05-19). "Nick orders 'Monsters vs. Aliens' pilot". The Hollywood Reporter. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 2009-05-22. Dicapai 2009-05-19. 

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:DreamWorks animated films