Maurice Maeterlinck

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Maurice Maeterlinck
Info kelahiranMaurice Polydore Marie Bernard
(1862-08-29)29 Ogos 1862
Ghent, Belgium
Kematian6 Mei 1949(1949-05-06) (umur 86)
Nice, Perancis
PekerjaanPengarang lakon, penulis, pengarang esei
BahasaPerancis
WarganegaraBelgium
Pusat pendidikanUniversiti Ghent
Pergerakan sasteraSimbolisme
Pencapaian ketaraIntruder (1890)
The Blind (1890)
Pelléas et Mélisande (1893)
Interior (1895)
The Blue Bird (1908)
AnugerahHadiah Nobel dalam Kesusasteraan (1911), Triennial Prize for Dramatic Literature (1903)
PasanganRenée Dahon
TemanGeorgette Leblanc

Tandatangan


Maurice Polydore Marie Bernard Maeterlinck[1] (juga dipanggil Comte (Count) Maeterlinck dari 1932;[2] [mo.ʁis ma.tɛʁ.lɛ̃ːk] di Belgium, [mɛ.teʁ.lɛ̃ːk] ialah seorang penulis drama, penyair, dan penulis Belgium Flemish tetapi menulis dalam bahasa Perancis. Beliau dianugerahkan Hadiah Nobel dalam Kesusasteraan pada tahun 1911 "sebagai penghargaan atas kegiatan kesusasteraannya yang banyak-banyak, dan terutama karya-karya dramatisnya, yang dibedakan oleh banyak imajinasi dan keindahan puisi, yang mengungkap, kadang-kadang dengan kedok kisah dongeng, inspirasi yang mendalam, sementara dalam cara misteri mereka merayu kepada perasaan pembaca dan merangsang imaginasi mereka ". Tema-tema utama dalam karyanya adalah kematian dan makna hidup. Mainannya merupakan bahagian penting dalam pergerakan Simbolis.

Karya[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sajak[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Serres chaudes (1889)
  • Douze chansons (1896)
  • Quinze chansons (expanded version of Douze chansons) (1900)

Drama[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • La Princesse Maleine (Princess Maleine) (published 1889)
  • L'Intruse (Intruder) (published 1890; first performed 21 May 1891)
  • Les Aveugles (The Blind) (published 1890; first performed 7 December 1891)
  • Les Sept Princesses (The Seven Princesses) (published 1891)
  • Pelléas and Mélisande (published 1892; first performed 17 May 1893)
  • Alladine et Palomides (published 1894)
  • Intérieur (Interior) (published 1894; first performed 15 March 1895)
  • La Mort de Tintagiles (The Death of Tintagiles) (published 1894)
  • Aglavaine et Sélysette (first performed December 1896)
  • Ariane et Barbe-bleue (Ariane and Bluebeard) (first published in German translation, 1899)
  • Soeur Béatrice (Sister Beatrice) (published 1901)
  • Monna Vanna (first performed May 1902; published the same year)
  • Joyzelle (first performed 20 May 1903; published the same year)
  • Le Miracle de saint Antoine (The Miracle of Saint Antony) (first performed in German translation, 1904)
  • L'Oiseau bleu (The Blue Bird) (first performed 30 September 1908)
  • Marie-Magdeleine (Mary Magdalene) (first performed in German translation, February 1910; staged and published in French, 1913)
  • Le Bourgmestre de Stilmonde (first performed in Buenos Aires, 1918; published 1919)
  • Les Fiançailles (published 1922)
  • The Cloud That Lifted (published 1923)
  • Le Malheur passe (published 1925)
  • La Puissance des morts (published 1926)
  • Berniquel (published 1926)
  • Marie-Victoire (published 1927)
  • Judas de Kerioth (published 1929)
  • La Princess Isabelle (published 1935)
  • Jeanne d'Arc (Joan of Arc) (published 1948)

Esei[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • ‘’Our Friend the Dog’’Dodd,Mead &Company, Reprinted Simon and Schuster 1943.
  • Le Trésor des humbles (The Treasure of the Humble) (1896)
  • La sagesse et la destinée (Wisdom and Destiny) (1898)
  • La Vie des abeilles (The Life of the Bee) (1901)
  • Le temple enseveli (The Buried Temple) (1902)
  • Le Double Jardin (The Double Garden) (1904)
  • L'Intelligence des fleurs (The Intelligence of Flowers) (1907)
  • La Mort (Our Eternity ,first published in English, incomplete version entitled Death ,1911; in enlarged and complete version in original French, 1913)
  • L'Hôte inconnu (first published in English translation, 1914; in original French, 1917)
  • Les Débris de la guerre (1916)
  • Le grand secret (The Great Secret) (Fasquelle, 1921; Bernard Miall trans., 1922)
  • La Vie des termites (The Life of Termites) (1926)
  • La Vie de l'espace (The Life of Space) (1928)
  • La Grande Féerie (1929)
  • La Vie des fourmis (The Life of the Ant) (1930)
  • L'Araignée de verre (1932)
  • Avant le grand silence (Before the Great Silence) (1934)
  • L'Ombre des ailes (The Shadow of Wings) (1936)
  • Devant Dieu (1937)
  • L'Autre Monde ou le cadran stellaire (The Other World, or The Star System) (1941)

Memoir[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bulles bleues (1948)

Terjemahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Le Livre des XII béguines and L'Ornement des noces spirituelles, translated from the Flemish of Ruusbroec (1885)
  • L'Ornement des noces spirituelles de Ruysbroeck l'admirable (1891)
  • Annabella, an adaptation of John Ford's 'Tis Pity She's a Whore (performed 1894)
  • Les Disciples à Saïs and Fragments de Novalis from the German of Novalis, together with an Introduction by Maeterlinck on Novalis and German Romanticism (1895)
  • Translation and adaptation of Shakespeare's Macbeth (performed 1909)

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Spelled Maurice (Mooris) Polidore Marie Bernhard Maeterlinck on the official Nobel Prize page.
  2. ^ Maeterlinck, Maurice in Encyclopædia Britannica.

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • W. L. Courtney, The Development of M. Maeterlinck (London, 1904)
  • M. J. Moses, Maurice Maeterlinck: A Study (New York, 1911)
  • E. Thomas, Maurice Maeterlinck, (New York, 1911)
  • J. Bethell, The life and Works of Maurice Maeterlinck (New York, 1913)
  • Archibald Henderson, European Dramatists (Cincinnati, 1913)
  • E. E. Slosson, Major Prophets of To-Day (Boston, 1914)
  • G. F. Sturgis, The Psychology of Maeterlinck as Shown in his Dramas (Boston, 1914)
  • P. McGuinness, "Maeterlinck and the making of Modern Theatre" (Oxford, 2000)

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]