Serangan Taliban 2021

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Serangan Taliban 2021
Sebahagian daripada Perang di Afghanistan dan pemberontakan Taliban
2021 Taliban Offensive.png
Peta Afghanistan menunjukkan dan kawasan taklukan Taliban
Tarikh1 Mei 2021 – kini
(1 tahun, 3 bulan, 1 minggu dan 3 hari)
Lokasi
Status Sedang berlangsung
Perubahan
wilayah
Taliban menakluki 179 daerah; kini 256 daerah ditakluk Taliban[7][8]
Pihak yang terlibat

Afghanistan Taliban

Al-Qaeda[3]
Disokong:
Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP)[3][4]
Lashkar-e-Taiba[3]
Jaish-e-Mohammed[3]
Harkat-ul-Mujahideen[3]
 Afghanistan
 Amerika Syarikat[5][6]
Komandan dan pemimpin
Afghanistan Hibatullah Akhundzada
Afghanistan Abdul Ghani Baradar
Afghanistan Sirajuddin Haqqani[1]
Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani
Afghanistan Abdullah Abdullah
Afghanistan Bismillah Khan Mohammadi[9]
Afghanistan Ahmad Massoud[10]
Amerika Syarikat Joe Biden
Amerika Syarikat Mark Milley
Unit terlibat

pasukan Taliban

Kumpulan militan lain

Angkatan keselamatan Afghanistan

Militan prokerajaan[10][16][17]

  • Public Uprising Forces[18]
Tentera Udara Amerika Syarikat[19]
Kerugian dan korban

Afghanistan Taliban
8,283 maut[20] (dakwaan pemerintah Afghanistan)

Peralatan:
  • 1 senjata artileri dan 1 kendaraan tentera dihancurkan[19]

Afghanistan Afghanistan
1,537 maut[21]
1,581+ desersi[22]
Ratusan tentara menyerah[23]

Peralatan:
1,031 orang awam maut[26][21]
1,609 orang awam cedera[26]

Serangan Taliban 2021 ialah sebuah operasi ketenteraan yang sedang berlangsung oleh Taliban dan kelompok militan sekutu, termasuk al-Qaeda,[3] terhadap pemerintah Afghanistan serta sekutu bermula 1 Mei 2021, bersamaan dengan pemulangan sebahagian besar pasukan Amerika dari Afghanistan. Pada 15 Julai, lebih daripada sepertiga 421 buah daerah Afghanistan telah ditakluki Taliban,[27][28] dan pada 21 Julai, setengah Afghanistan berada di bawah taklukan Taliban.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b Joscelyn, Thomas (25 Jun 2021). "Taliban's deputy emir issues guidance for governance in newly seized territory". FDD's Long War Journal. Dicapai pada 19 Julai 2021.
  2. ^ Joscelyn, Thomas (7 Jun 2021). "U.N. report cites new intelligence on Haqqanis' close ties to al Qaeda". FDD's Long War Journal. Dicapai pada 19 Julai 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Roggio, Bill (12 Julai 2021). "Taliban advances as U.S. completes withdrawal". FDD's Long War Journal. Dicapai pada 16 Julai 2021.
  4. ^ K J M Varma (5 Julai 2021). "Insurgent groups against Pakistan, China step up attacks amid Taliban offensive in Afghanistan: Report". Yahoo. Dicapai pada 18 Julai 2021. During the recent fighting in eastern and southern districts of Afghanistan, the Afghan Taliban has been supported by the TTP insurgents [...] According to a UN monitoring report in Jun, some 5,000 TTP militants are currently based in Afghanistan.
  5. ^ Seldin, Jeff (5 May 2021). "US Airstrikes Target Taliban as Fighting Intensifies". Voice of America. Dicapai pada 9 Julai 2021.
  6. ^ "US air force targets Taliban position in northern Afghanistan, media reports". Afghanistan Times. 26 Jun 2021. Dicapai pada 9 Julai 2021.
  7. ^ Roggio, Bill (15 Julai 2021). "Nearly half of Afghanistan's provincial capitals under threat from Taliban". FDD's Long War Journal. Dicapai pada 16 Julai 2021.
  8. ^ Roggio, Bill (25 Julai 2021). "Mapping Taliban Contested and Controlled Districts in Afghanistan". FDD's Long War Journal. Dicapai pada 26 Julai 2021.
  9. ^ Joscelyn, Thomas (5 August 2021). "Taliban 'martyrdom' unit attacks Afghan defense minister's home in Kabul". FDD's Long War Journal. Dicapai pada 4 August 2021.
  10. ^ a b "Afghan militias forced to fight Taliban blame America's 'abandonment'". PBS (dalam bahasa Inggeris). 7 Julai 2021. Dicapai pada 26 Julai 2021.
  11. ^ Esfandiari, Golnaz; Ahmadi, Mumin (9 Julai 2021). "Fighting The Taliban Was 'Suicide': Hundreds Of Afghan Soldiers Escape To Tajikistan". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Dicapai pada 26 Julai 2021.
  12. ^ "Afghan Taliban Documents Training, Graduation of "313 Badri Battalion" Fighters" (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Dicapai pada 2021-07-28."Taliban Badri 313 Battalion" (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Dicapai pada 29 Julai 2021.
  13. ^ Why India must both engage the Taliban and contend with it
  14. ^ "Afghan Air Force Hurt by Inoperable Aircraft - Afghan Lawmakers". Washington Post. 23 Julai 2021.
  15. ^ a b "Special Report: Afghan pilots assassinated by Taliban as U.S. withdraws". Reuters. 9 Julai 2021. Dicapai pada 12 Julai 2021.
  16. ^ O’Donnell, Lynne (1 Julai 2021). "With the Militias in Afghanistan". Foreign Policy. The Slate Group. Dicapai pada 29 Julai 2021.
  17. ^ Gibbons-Neff, Thomas; Rahim, Najim (17 Julai 2021). "Back to Militias, the Chaotic Afghan Way of War". New York Times. Mazar-i-Sharif. Dicapai pada 29 Julai 2021.
  18. ^ "Afghans chant 'Allahu Akbar' in defiant protests against Taliban". Dicapai pada 3 August 2021."Ordinary Afghans join battle against Taliban in 'people's uprising'". Dicapai pada 24 Jun 2021.
  19. ^ a b "US launched several airstrikes in support of Afghan forces". Washington Post. 22 Julai 2021. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2021-08-12. Dicapai pada 2021-08-15.
  20. ^ "Press Release". Afghan Ministry of Defense. Afghan Ministry of Defense. Dicapai pada 9 Julai 2021.
  21. ^ a b Faizi, Fatima; Abed, Fahim; Rahim, Najim (3 Jun 2021). "Afghan War Casualty Report: May 2021". The New York Times. Dicapai pada 9 Julai 2021.Faizi, Fatima; Rahim, Najim (1 Julai 2021). "Afghan War Casualty Report: Jun 2021". The New York Times. Dicapai pada 9 Julai 2021.Faizi, Fatima; Timory, Asadullah (15 Julai 2021). "Afghan War Casualty Report: Julai 2021". The New York Times. Dicapai pada 5 August 2021.Faizi, Fatima (5 August 2021). "Afghan War Casualty Report: August 2021". The New York Times. Dicapai pada 6 August 2021.
  22. ^ "Some 1,500 Afghan soldiers crossed into Tajikistan over past 2 weeks - Tajik rep to CSTO". Interfax. 7 Julai 2021. Dicapai pada 9 Julai 2021."Another group of Afghan military personnel given refuge by Army: ISPR". Express Tribune (dalam bahasa Inggeris). 26 Julai 2021. Dicapai pada 26 Julai 2021.Farmer, Ben (9 Julai 2021). "Taliban take key border crossing with Iran as group claims to control 85% of Afghanistan's territory". The Telegraph.
  23. ^ Schmitt, Eric (21 Julai 2021). "U.S. military official says a 'complete Taliban takeover' is possible in Afghanistan". New York Times. In response to the Taliban offensives, hundreds of Afghan troops have surrendered, giving up their U.S.-supplied equipment and fleeing, sometimes into neighboring countries. Afghan government counterattacks have had limited success."America leaves Afghanistan on the brink of collapse". The Economist. 8 Julai 2021. Dicapai pada 11 Julai 2021. Many districts are being taken not by force, but are simply handed over. Soldiers and policemen have surrendered in droves, leaving piles of American-purchased arms and ammunition and fleets of vehicles.Zucchino, David; Rahim, Najim (27 May 2021). "A Wave of Afghan Surrenders to the Taliban Picks Up Speed". New York Times. Dicapai pada 11 Julai 2021.
  24. ^ Gibbons-Neff, Thomas; Cooper, Helene; Schmitt, Eric (19 Jun 2021). "Departure of U.S. contractors poses myriad problems for Afghan military". New York Times. Dicapai pada 12 Julai 2021.
  25. ^ a b McCarthy, Naill (6 Julai 2021). "The Afghan Military's Catastrophic Equipment Losses". Statista.
  26. ^ a b Graham-Harrison, Emma (26 Julai 2021). "Afghanistan civilian casualty figures at record high, UN says". The Guardian. Dicapai pada 26 Julai 2021.
  27. ^ Gannon, Kathy (13 Julai 2021). "Official: Afghan delegation, Taliban to talk peace in Qatar". AP News (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Dicapai pada 15 Julai 2021.
  28. ^ "Afghanistan: Taliban offers ceasefire for return of prisoners". BBC News. 15 Julai 2021. Dicapai pada 15 Julai 2021.