Templat:Solar System Infobox/Sun

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Matahari Sun symbol.svg
The Sun by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly of NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory - 20100819.jpg
Data pemerhatian
Jarak purata
dari Bumi
1.496×108 
8 min 19 s at light speed
Kecerahan visual (V) −26.74 [1]
Magnitud mutlak 4.83 [1]
Pengelasan spektrum G2V
Metallicity Z = 0.0122[2]
Saiz bersudut 31.6′ – 32.7′ [3]
Adjektif solar
Ciri-ciri orbit
Jarak purata
dari pusat Galaksi Bima Sakti
~2.5×1017 
26,000 
Tempoh masa galaksi (2.25–2.50)×108 a
Halaju ~220  (orbit around the center of the Galaxy)
~20  (relative to average velocity of other stars in stellar neighborhood)
~370 [4] (relative to the cosmic microwave background)
Ciri-ciri fizikal
Diameter purata 1.392×106  [1]
109 × Earth
Jejarikhatulistiwa 6.955×105  [5]
109 × Earth[5]
Lilitan khatulistiwa 4.379×106  [5]
109 × Earth[5]
Kepesekan 9×10−6
Luas permukaan 6.0877×1012  [5]
11,990 × Earth[5]
Isipadu 1.412×1018  [5]
1,300,000 × Earth
Jisim 1.9891×1030 [1]
333,000 × Earth[1]
Ketumpatan purata 1.408×103  [1][5][6]
Ketumpatan Tengah (model): 1.622×105  [1]
Fotosfera bawah: 2×10−4 
Kromosfera bawah: 5×10−6 
Korona (purata): 1×10−12  [7]
Graviti permukaan khatulistiwa 274.0  [1]
27.94 
28 × Earth[5]
Halaju lepas
(dari permukaan)
617.7  [5]
55 × Earth[5]
Suhu Center (modeled): ~1.57×107  [1]
Photosphere (effective): 5,778 K [1]
Corona: ~5×106 
Kekilauan (Lsol) 3.846×1026 W [1]
~3.75×1028 
~98  efficacy
Keamatan purata (Isol) 2.009×107 
Ciri-ciri putaran
Kecondongan 7.25° [1]
(to the ecliptic)
67.23°
(to the galactic plane)
Jarak hamal
kutub Utara[8]
286.13°
19j 4min 30s
Keserongan
kutub Utara
+63.87°
63°52' Utara
Tempoh masa putaran ikut bintang
(di khatulistiwa)
25.05 hari [1]
(di latitud 16°) 25.38 hari [1]
25d 9h 7min 12s [8]
(di kutub) 34.4 hari [1]
Halaju putaran
(at equator)
7.189×103  [5]
Komposisi photospheric (berdasarkan jisim)
Hidrogen 73.46%[9]
Helium 24.85%
Oksigen 0.77%
Karbon 0.29%
Besi 0.16%
Neon 0.12%
Nitrogen 0.09%
Silikon 0.07%
Magnesium 0.05%
Sulfur 0.04%

Rujukan

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 Williams, D. R. (2004). "Sun Fact Sheet". NASA. http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/sunfact.html. Capaian 2010-09-27. 
  2. Asplund, M.; N. Grevesse and A. J. Sauval (2006). "The new solar abundances - Part I: the observations". Communications in Asteroseismology 147: 76–79. Bibcode 2006CoAst.147...76A. doi:10.1553/cia147s76. 
  3. "Eclipse 99: Frequently Asked Questions". NASA. http://education.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse/pages/faq.html. Capaian 2010-10-24. 
  4. Hinshaw, G.; et al. (2009). "Five-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe observations: data processing, sky maps, and basic results". The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 118: 225–245. Bibcode 2009ApJS..180..225H. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/180/2/225. 
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 "Solar System Exploration: Planets: Sun: Facts & Figures". NASA. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2008-01-02. http://web.archive.org/web/20080102034758/http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/profile.cfm?Object=Sun&Display=Facts&System=Metric. 
  6. Ko, M. (1999). "Density of the Sun". In Elert, G.. The Physics Factbook. http://hypertextbook.com/facts/1999/MayKo.shtml. 
  7. "Principles of Spectroscopy". University of Michigan, Astronomy Department. 30 August 2007. http://www.astro.lsa.umich.edu/undergrad/Labs/spectro/short_spectro.html. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 Seidelmann, P. K.; et al. (2000). "Report Of The IAU/IAG Working Group On Cartographic Coordinates And Rotational Elements Of The Planets And Satellites: 2000". http://www.hnsky.org/iau-iag.htm. Capaian 2006-03-22. 
  9. "The Sun's Vital Statistics". Stanford Solar Center. http://solar-center.stanford.edu/vitalstats.html. Capaian 2008-07-29. , citing Eddy, J. (1979). A New Sun: The Solar Results From Skylab. NASA. m/s. 37. NASA SP-402. http://history.nasa.gov/SP-402/contents.htm.