Gabenor Gibraltar

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Piawai Gabenor Gibraltar


Gibraltar

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Gibraltar



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Gabenor dan Ketua Komander Gibraltar adalah wakil raja British di wilayah luar negara British Gibraltar. Gabenor yang dilantik oleh British Monarch atas nasihat Kerajaan British. Peranan Gabenor untuk bertindak sebagai de facto ketua negara, dan dia adalah bertanggungjawab secara rasmi melantik Ketua Menteri Gibraltar, bersama-sama dengan lain-lain [Kerajaan Gibraltar selepas a pilihan raya umum. Gabenor juga mempunyai tanggungjawab untuk pertahanan dan keselamatan.

Gabenor yang sedia ada adalah Naib Laksamana Sir Adrian Johns Konsul, CBE, ADC, yang berjaya pendulunya Leftenan Jeneral Sir Robert Fulton KBE pada 26 Oktober 2009[1]

Sehingga kini telah tiada Gabenor wanita Gibraltar, selain daripada dalam kedudukan yang bertindak.

Gabenor mempunyai bendera sendiri di Gibraltar, Bendera Kesatuan dirosakkan dengan jata wilayah. Walau bagaimanapun, di kediamannya rasmi (Convent ), bendera Union dan bendera Gibraltar diterbangkan.

Senarai Gabenor Gibraltar sejak pendudukan Habsburg[sunting | sunting sumber]

(Tarikh dalam italik menunjukkan "de facto" kesinambungan jawatan)

Habsburg occupation (1704)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gambar Penggal Sedia ada Catatan
24 Julai 1704 pendudukan Habsburg
Sir George Rooke 24 Julai 1704 to 4 Ogos 1704 Sir George Rooke, Military commander[petikan diperlukan]
Prince George of Hesse-Darmstadt 4 August 1704 to 6 August 1704 Prince George of Hesse-Darmstadt, Governor Appointed by Archduke Charles
6 Ogos 1704 to November 1704 Henry Nugent, Count of Valdesoto, Gabenor Dilantik oleh Archduke Charles
24 Disember 1704 hingga 24 Disember 1707 John Shrimpton, Gabenor Dilantik oleh Archduke Charles
Roger Elliott 24 Disember 1707 hingga 24 Januari 1711 Roger Elliott, Gabenor
24 Januari 1711 to 13 Julai 1713 Thomas Stanwix, Gabenor

Perjanjian Utrecht (1713)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Gambar Penggal Sedia ada Catatn
13 Julai 1713 Sepanyol menyerahkan Gibraltar Great Britain di Perjanjian Utrecht
13 Julai 1713 to 7 Ogos 1713 Thomas Stanwix, Gabenor
The Earl of Portmore 7 Ogos 1713 hingga 20 Oktober 1720 The Earl of Portmore, Gabenor
20 Oktober 1720 hingga 2 Februari 1727 Richard Kane, Gabenor
2 Februari 1727 hingga 13 Mei 1730 Jasper Clayton, Gabenor
15 May 1730 hingga 24 Oktober 1739 Joseph Sabine, Governor
24 October 1739 hingga 22 April 1740 Francis Columbine, Gabenor
22 April 1740 hingga 1749 William Hargrave, Gabenor
1749 hingga 31 Mei 1754 Humphrey Bland, Governor
31 Mei 1754 hingga 12 Julai 1756 Thomas Fowke, Gabenor
The Lord Tyrawley 12 Julai 1756 hingga 16 April 1757 The Lord Tyrawley, Gabenor
16 April 1757 to 28 April 1761 The Earl of Home, Gabenor
28 April 1761 to 23 June 1761 John Toovey, acting Governor
13 June 1761 to 14 June 1761 John Parslow, acting Governor
Edward Cornwallis 14 June 1761 to January 1776 Edward Cornwallis, Gabenor
1765 hingga 1767 John Irwin, acting Governor
January 1776 to 25 May 1777 Robert Boyd, acting Governor 1st Term
George Augustus Eliott 25 May 1777 to 14 June 1787 George Augustus Eliott, Governor
The Lord Heathfield 14 June 1787 to July 1790 The Lord Heathfield, Governor
July 1790 to October 1790 Sir Robert Boyd, acting Governor
Oktober 1790 hingga 13 Mei 1794 Sir Robert Boyd, Gabenor Penggal ke-2
Henry Clinton 1794–1795 Henry Clinton, Governor Died in London before taking up the post
13 Mei 1794 hingga 30 Disember 1795 Charles Rainsford, Gabenor
Charles O'Hara 30 Disember 1795 hingga 25 Februari 1802 Charles O'Hara, Gabenor
25 February 1802 to 10 May 1802 Charles Barnett, Gabenor
The Duke of Kent 24 May 1802 to 23 January 1820 The Duke of Kent
2 Mei 1803 hingga 17 Disember 1804 Sir Thomas Trigge, acting Governor For the Duke of Kent
Henry Edward Fox 17 December 1804 to June 1806 Henry Edward Fox, acting Governor For the Duke of Kent
June 1806 to November 1806 James Drummond, acting Governor 1st Term; for the Duke of Kent
Sir Hew Dalrymple November 1806 to August 1808 Sir Hew Dalrymple, acting Governor Untuk Duke of Kent
August 1808 to May 1809 James Drummond, acting Governor Penggal ke-2; untuk Duke of Kent
Sir John Francis Cradock May 1809 to August 1809 Sir John Cradock, acting Governor Untuk Duke of Kent
Ogos 1809 hingga Oktober 1809 John Smith, acting Governor Untuk Duke of Kent
Oktober 1809 hingga November 1809 Alex McKenzie Fraser, acting Governor Untuk Duke of Kent
November 1809 hingga 2 April 1814 Colin Campbell, acting Governor For the Duke of Kent
Don Monument 3 April 1814 to 15 November 1821 Sir George Don, acting Governor Penggal 1; untuk Duke of Kent
The Earl of Chatham 29 Januari 1820 hingga 1835 The Earl of Chatham, Gabenor
Don Monument 7 June 1825 to 20 June 1830 Sir George Don, acting Governor Penggal ke-2; untuk Earl of Chatham

Crown colony (1830)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Picture Term Incumbent Notes
1830 Gibraltar becomes a British Crown colony
Don Monument 20 June 1830 to 10 May 1831 Sir George Don, acting Governor 2nd Term; for the Earl of Chatham
10 May 1831 to 29 May 1835 Sir William Houston, acting Governor For the Earl of Chatham
28 February 1835 to 11 October 1842 Sir Alexander Woodford, Governor
Sir Robert Thomas Wilson 11 October 1842 to 12 December 1848 Sir Robert Wilson, Governor
Sir Robert William Gardiner by William Salter.jpg 12 December 1848 to 26 July 1855 Sir Robert Gardiner, Governor
26 July 1855 to 5 May 1859 Sir James Fergusson, Governor
William John Codrington.jpg 5 May 1859 to 21 September 1865 Sir William Codrington, Governor
Richardairey.jpg 21 September 1865 to 25 July 1870 Sir Richard Airey, Governor
Sir William Williams 25 July 1870 to 23 June 1876 Sir William Williams, Governor
The Lord Napier of Magdala 23 June 1876 to 3 January 1883 The Lord Napier of Magdala, Governor
John Miller Adye.jpg 3 January 1883 to 2 November 1886 Sir John Miller Adye, Governor
2 November 1886 to 23 August 1890 Sir Arthur Hardinge, Governor
23 August 1890 to 27 January 1891 Sir Leicester Smyth, Governor
27 January 1891 to 31 March 1891 H. R. L. Newdigate, acting Governor
Sir Lothian Nicholson00.jpg 31 March 1891 to 27 June 1893 Sir Lothian Nicholson, Governor
27 June 1893 to 7 August 1893 G.J. Smart, acting Governor
7 August 1893 to 22 May 1900 Sir Robert Biddulph, Governor
Sir George Stuart White 22 May 1900 to 1 August 1905 Sir George Stuart White, Governor
Forestierwalker.jpg 1 August 1905 to 30 July 1910 Sir Frederick Forestier-Walker, Governor
Sir Archibald Hunter 30 July 1910 to 11 July 1913 Sir Archibald Hunter, Governor
Sir Herbert Miles 11 July 1913 to 9 July 1918 Sir Herbert Miles, Governor
Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien 9 July 1918 to 26 May 1923 Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien, Governor
Charlesmonroe.jpg 26 May 1923 to 13 August 1928 Sir Charles Monro, Governor
Sir Alexander Godley 13 August 1928 to 13 May 1933 Sir Alexander Godley, Governor
Sir Charles Harington Harington 13 May 1933 to 12 August 1938 Sir Charles Harington Harington, Governor
Sir Edmund Ironside 12 August 1938 to 11 July 1939 Sir Edmund Ironside, Governor
11 July 1939 to 14 May 1941 Sir Clive Gerard Liddell, Governor
The Viscount Gort 14 May 1941 to 31 May 1942 The Viscount Gort, Governor
Masonmacfarlane.jpg 31 May 1942 to 14 February 1944 Sir Noel Mason-Macfarlane, Governor
14 February 1944 to 8 February 1947 Sir Ralph Eastwood, Governor
Sir Kenneth Arthur Noel Anderson 8 February 1947 to 23 April 1952 Sir Kenneth Anderson, Governor
23 April 1952 to 6 May 1955 Sir Gordon MacMillan, Governor
6 May 1955 to 16 April 1958 Sir Harold Redman, Governor
Charleskeightley.jpg 16 April 1958 to 8 June 1962 Sir Charles Keightley, Governor
8 June 1962 to 5 August 1965 Sir Alfred Ward, Governor
Sir Gerald Lathbury 5 August 1965 to March 1969 Sir Gerald Lathbury, Governor
Sir Varyl Begg March 1969 to 3 October 1973 Sir Varyl Begg, Governor
Sir John Grandy 3 October 1973 to 30 May 1978 Sir John Grandy, Governor
30 May 1978 to 1981 Sir William Jackson, Governor

British dependent territory (1981)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Picture Term Incumbent Notes
1981 Gibraltar becomes a British dependent territory Under the British Nationality Act 1981
1981 to 26 October 1982 Sir William Jackson, Governor
26 October 1982 to 19 November 1985 Sir David Williams, Governor
19 November 1985 to December 1989 Sir Peter Terry, Governor
December 1989 to April 1993 Sir Derek Reffell, Governor
April 1993 to 5 December 1995 Sir John Chapple, Governor
5 December 1995 to 19 February 1997 Sir Hugo White, Governor
24 February 1997 to 5 April 2000 Sir Richard Luce, Governor
5 April 2000 to 2002 David Durie, Governor

British overseas territory (2002)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Picture Term Incumbent Notes
2002 Gibraltar becomes a British overseas territory Under the British Overseas Territories Act 2002
2002 to 16 May 2003 David Durie, Governor (Sir David Durie from 1 Jan 2003)
16 May 2003 to 27 May 2003 David Blunt, acting Governor
Sir Francis Richards 27 May 2003 to 17 July 2006 Sir Francis Richards, Governor
17 July 2006 to 27 September 2006 Philip Barton, acting Governor
Sir Robert Fulton 27 September 2006 to 21 October 2009 Sir Robert Fulton, Governor
21 October 2009 to 26 October 2009 Leslie Pallett, acting Governor [2]
Sir Adrian Johns 26 October 2009- Sir Adrian Johns, Governor [3]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Gibraltar topics Templat:Governors of Gibraltar Templat:British dependencies governors