Menara Nakheel

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Menara Nakheel
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Informasi
Lokasi Dubai, Emiriah Arab Bersatu
Status Dicadangkan
Kegunaan campuran
Ketinggian
Antena 1,400 m (4,600 ka)
Bilangan tingkat >200
Keluasan tingkat 1,490,000 m² (Templat:Convert/ka2)
Syarikat
Arkitek Woods Bagot
Jurutera WSP Cantor Seinuk
Pemaju Nakheel Properties
Rujukan: [1][2]

Menara Nakheel (Bahasa Arab: برج نخيل‎) adalah sebuah pencakar langit yang dicadangkan di Dubai, Emiriah Arab Bersatu oleh pemaju Nakheel. Projek ini dahulunya digelar Al Burj (Bahasa Arab: البرج‎ "Menara").[3]

Pada Januari 2009, telah diumumkan bahawa projek itu dihentikan sementara kerana masalah kewangan.[4][5] Akibat daripada kebuntuan hutang Dubai World 2009, masalah kewangan Kumpulan Nakheel bertambah dan menara ini dibatalkan pada Disember 2009.[6]

Nakheel telah mengadakan perbincangan dengan beberapa kontraktor yang termasuk Samsung C&T Korea Selatan (yang juga membina Burj Khalifa), Shimizu Corporation Jepun dan Grocon Australia. WSP adalah perunding utama untuk struktur ini, memimpin sebuah konsortium yang termasuk LERA dari New York dan VDM dari Australia, dan bekerja dengan para arkitek Woods Bagot.[7] Menara cadangan ini dirancang setinggi 1,400 m (4,600 ka).[8]

Lokasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Menara ini telah dicadangkan pada 2003 sebagai hiasan utama Palm Jumeirah, salah satu kepulauan buatan manusia terbesar di dunia. Ia telah dinamakan "The Pinnacle" dan naik dari pusat sebuah terusan di batang pulau. Ketinggian adalah 750 m (2,461 kaki) dan bangunan ini sepatutnya terdiri dari 120 tingkat pangsapuri mewah. Trump International Hotel and Tower dan pindah ke Dubai Waterfront. Walaupun rataan tanah dan penuntutan tanah telah bermula di Dubai Waterfront, pembinaan menara tidak pernah bermula oleh kerana berhampuran dengan Lapangan Terbang Al Maktoum, yang kini di bawah pembinaan.[2]

Lokasi ini telah berubah ke dalam sebuah bidang berhampiran Jumeirah Lake Towers dan Dubai Marina, dan menguji tanah bermula.[9] Menara ini telah menjadi markah utama rancangan Nakheel untuk pembangunan Ibn Battuta Mall sebelah dengan Jumeirah Islands dan Jumeirah Lake Towers. Ia telah menjadi pusat Nakheel Harbour and Tower complex, yang akan termasuk lebih kurang 20 menara lebih kecil dari atas ke 90 tingkat, sebuah marina, dan sebahagian dari Terusan Arabia. Permbangunan itu akan menjadi bersebelahan dengan kompleks berli-belah yang diperbaharui.[8]

Reka bentuk[sunting | sunting sumber]

The original design conceived by Pei Partnership Architects was to have Templat:M2 to ft2 of floorspace comprising ultra-luxury apartments, restaurants, a large health club, and an observation deck.[petikan diperlukan] The building actually consisted of three separate towers built around a hollow interior and joined together by several sky bridges functioning as sky lobbies. On top of each sky bridge was a sky garden. One of the towers was shorter than the other two with a large outdoor pool on the roof, while the other two were topped with large spires.[petikan diperlukan]

A later redesign had the basic shape remain the same - three towers connected by sky bridges with two twin spires and one tower shorter than the others. As for the number of sky bridges, the original design[petikan diperlukan] showed only 4, but later renderings showed at first 6, then 9 or 10. The building was also to be mixed-use rather than wholly residential.[petikan diperlukan]

With Woods Bagot replacing Pei Partnership as the architectural partner,[1] the latest released design had named the development Nakheel Harbour and Tower.[10][11] Though in exterior appearance and function it would be a single tower over 1,000 meter (3,300 ka) tall, this even grander incarnation would have been "made up of four towers with four individual cores forming an approximate 100 meters in diameter."[12] Nakheel also claimed on their engineering page that the towers would be joined by four-level, full diameter sky bridges at approximately every twenty-five floors. The sky bridges would act to tie the buildings together structurally as well as to provide each part of the building with its own village centre in the sky. It is the four codependent foundations that would have provided the necessary structural support for such a great relative height increase over existing supertalls. The design included a distinctive crescent-shaped podium encircling the base of the tower.[13]

The tower would have been serviced by 156 lifts at sufficient speeds and capacities to allow for travel from the ground floor to the observation deck in four minutes.[14]

Ketinggian[sunting | sunting sumber]

Projections of Nakheel Tower's final height varied widely. Nakheel was believed to be engaging in a strategy of secrecy similar to that employed by Emaar with Burj Khalifa. According to officials at Nakheel, the tower was originally designed to be at least 700 m (2,300 ka) tall and have more than 160 floors[petikan diperlukan], although an early render showed the tower with more than 200 floors[petikan diperlukan]. Companies involved in the project reported an initial height expectation of 1,600 m (5,200 ka) which was later reduced to 1,200 m (3,900 ka)[15]. In July, 2007, Nakheel CEO Chris O'Donnell was reported to have said that "height isn't everything" and suggested that Al Burj might not be any taller than the Burj Khalifa, which is 828 m (2,717 ka).[16] Yet only a week later, Nakheel reaffirmed that the tower would be taller than 1 kilometre.[1] A report on 20 June 2008 claimed that the tower was planned to be 1,400 meter (4,593 ka) tall.[8]

Nama[sunting | sunting sumber]

During the history of the project it was known by three different names: Al Burj, Tall Tower, and Nakheel Tower. Initially named Al Burj, the project was renamed Tall Tower for a few months, until being changed to Nakheel Tower.

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Nakheel designs 1km-high tower". http://forum.skyscraperpage.com/showpost.php?p=3004862&postcount=516. Capaian 2007-08-10. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "DUBAI: Al Burj". http://forum.skyscraperpage.com/showpost.php?p=3144611&postcount=1. Capaian 2007-11-15. [pautan putus]
  3. Xpress - Nakheel Tower to eclipse Burj Dubai
  4. "£53 billion on hold". http://www.themovechannel.com/news/4ab79656-f1b6. Capaian 2009-02-26. 
  5. Work on Nakheel Tower Stopped for 12 months
  6. "Palmeilanden Dubai dreigen te zinken (Dubai Palm Islands threaten to sink)" (dalam bahasa Flemish). De Tijd. 9 Disember 2009. http://www.tijd.be/nieuws/buitenland/Palmeilanden_Dubai_dreigen_te_zinken.8270224-439.art. Capaian 10 Disember 2009. 
  7. "WSP designs structure for the world’s tallest tower". http://www.wspgroup.com/en/WSP-Group-engineering-consultants/Press/News-Archive/2008-group/WSP-designs-structure-for-the-worlds-tallest-tower/. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "MEED - Nakheel increases height of Tall Tower to 1.4 kilometres". Emap. http://www.meed.com/news/2008/06/nakheel_increases_height_of_tall_tower_to_14_kilometres.html. Capaian 2008-06-25.  (langganan diperlukan)
  9. "TALL TOWER (aka Al Burj), 228F Res+Com+Hotel, 1050m". http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showpost.php?p=16238746&postcount=1060. Capaian 2007-11-15. 
  10. http://www.meed.com/feature/fast_facts/2008/10/nakheel_harbour__tower.html Nakheel Harbour and Tower
  11. http://www.meed.com/news/2008/10/dubai_unveiled_another_worlds_tallest_tower.html Nakheel plans to build world's tallest tower
  12. http://www.nakheelharbour.com/#/design/design_engineering
  13. Islamic Ingenuity Inspires Dubai's Capital - Nakheel Harbour & Tower
  14. http://www.nakheelharbour.com/#/design/design_engineering Nakheel Harbour & Tower Engineering Page
  15. "Waterfront Tower to be World's Tallest Landmark". http://forum.skyscraperpage.com/showpost.php?p=2695035&postcount=116. Capaian 2007-03-27. 
  16. "Al Burj to shrink?". http://www.ameinfo.com/127539.html. Capaian 2007-08-02. 

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Supertall proposed skyscrapers