Negeri di Amerika Syarikat

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Negeri di Amerika Syarikat
Kategori Persekutuan
Lokasi Amerika Syarikat
Nombor 50
Kerajaan Kerajaan negeri

Negeri-negeri Amerika Syarikat merupakan negeri-negeri entiti subnasional dalam Amerika Syarikat, walaupun empat negeri menggunakan gelaran rasmi "Komenwel". Pemisahan kerajaan negeri dan kerajaan persekutuan berkongsi kedaulatan, bermakna seorang warga Amerika Syarikat merupakan warga kedua-dua entiti persekutuan dan domisil negeri mereka.[1] Bagaimanapun, kerakyatan negeri adalah sangat longgar/fleksibel, dan tidak memerlukan persetujuan kerajaan apabila bergerak antara negeri-negeri (kecuali pesalah dalam parol).

Perlembagaan Amerika Syarikat mengagih-agihkan kuassa di antara dua peringkat kerajaan dalam bentuk umum. Dengan meratifikasi perlembagaan, setiap negeri memindahkan kuasa-kuasa perdaulatan tertentu kepada kerajaan persekutuan dan bersetuju untuk berkongsi kuasa dengannya. Di bawah Pemindaan Kesepuluh, Semua kuasa bukan secara jelas dipindahkan atau dikekalkan oleh negeri dan masyarakatnya. Dari segi sejarah, tugas-tugas pendidikan awam, kesihatan awam, pengangkutan dan infrastruktur lain adalah di bawah tanggungjawab negeri , walaupun semua mempunyai dana persekutuan dan juga peraturan persekutuan juga.

Sehingga hari ini, perlembagaan sudah pun dipinda, dan interpretasi dan applikasi peruntukan juga berubah. Kecenderungan umum biasanya ke arah pemusatan, dengan kerajaan persekutuan memainkan peranan lebih besar daripada sebelumnya. Terdapat satu debat berterusan terhadap "hak-hak negeri", yang mana lebih berat kepada sejauh mana dan semulajadi kuasa-kuasa negeri-negeri yang sudah diberikan kepada kerajaan persekutuan.

Senarai negeri[sunting | sunting sumber]

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Delaware Maryland New Hampshire New Jersey Massachusetts Connecticut West Virginia Vermont Rhode IslandMap of USA with state names.svg
Perihal imej ini

Berikut merupakan jadual 50 negeri Amerika Syarikat yang disusun mengikut maklumat berikut:

  1. Nama rasmi negeri
  2. Nama biasa negeri
  3. Sebutan yang sepatutnya digunakan sebagai nama biasa negeri seperti ditranskipkan megikut Sebutan Huruf Antarabangsa (sila lihat Bantuan:Pronunciation untuk satu kunci)
  4. Perkhidmatan Pos Amerika Syarikat (USPS) dua-huruf singkatan nama[2]
    (also used as the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Standard 3166-2 country subdivision code)
  5. Tarikh negeri ratified the United States Constitution or was admitted to the Union
  6. Biro Perangkaan Amerika Syarikat menganggarkan populasi Sehingga Julai 2006[3]
  7. ibu kota negeri
  8. The most populous incorporated place or Census Designated Place within the state as of 2006-07-01, as estimated by the U.S. Census Bureau[4]
  9. An image of the official state flag
The 50 Negeri-negeri Amerika Syarikat
Nama rasmi negeri Biasa IPA USPS Tarikh Populasi Ibu kota Bandar paling ramai Bendera
State of Alabama Alabama /ˌæləˈbæmə/ AL 181912141819-12-14 04,599,030 Montgomery Birmingham Flag of Alabama.svg
State of Alaska Alaska /əˈlæskə/ AK 195901031959-01-03 00,670,053 Juneau Anchorage Flag of Alaska.svg
State of Arizona Arizona /ˌærɪˈzoʊnə/ AZ 191202141912-02-14 06,166,318 Phoenix Phoenix Flag of Arizona.svg
State of Arkansas Arkansas /ˈɑrkənsɔː/ AR 183606151836-06-15 02,810,872 Little Rock Little Rock Flag of Arkansas.svg
State of California California /ˌkælɪˈfɔrnjə/ CA 185009091850-09-09 36,457,549 Sacramento Los Angeles Flag of California.svg
State of Colorado Colorado /ˌkɒləˈrædoʊ/ CO 187608011876-08-01 04,753,377 Denver Denver Flag of Colorado.svg
State of Connecticut Connecticut /kəˈnɛtɪkət/ CT 178801091788-01-09 03,504,809 Hartford Bridgeport[5] Flag of Connecticut.svg
State of Delaware Delaware /ˈdɛləwɛər/ DE 178712071787-12-07 00,853,476 Dover Wilmington Flag of Delaware.svg
State of Florida Florida /ˈflɒrɪdə/ FL 184503031845-03-03 18,089,888 Tallahassee Jacksonville[6] Flag of Florida.svg
State of Georgia Georgia /ˈdʒɔrdʒə/ GA 178801021788-01-02 09,363,941 Atlanta Atlanta Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg
State of Hawaiʻi
Mokuʻāina o Hawaiʻi
(Hawaiian)
Hawaii /həˈwaɪi/, [haʋaiʔi] HI 195908211959-08-21 01,285,498 Honolulu Honolulu Flag of Hawaii.svg
State of Idaho Idaho /ˈaɪdəhoʊ/ ID 189007031890-07-03 01,466,465 Boise Boise Flag of Idaho.svg
State of Illinois Illinois /ɪlɪˈnɔɪ/ IL 181812031818-12-03 12,831,970 Springfield Chicago Flag of Illinois.svg
State of Indiana Indiana /ˌɪndiːˈænə/ IN 181612111816-12-11 06,313,520 Indianapolis Indianapolis Flag of Indiana.svg
State of Iowa Iowa /ˈaɪəwə/ IA 184612281846-12-28 02,982,085 Des Moines Des Moines Flag of Iowa.svg
State of Kansas Kansas /ˈkænzəs/ KS 186101291861-01-29 02,764,075 Topeka Wichita Flag of Kansas.svg
Commonwealth of Kentucky Kentucky /kənˈtʌki/ KY 179206011792-06-01 04,206,074 Frankfort Louisville Flag of Kentucky.svg
State of Louisiana
État de Louisiane
(French)
Louisiana /luːˌiːziːˈænə/ LA 181204301812-04-30 04,287,768 Baton Rouge New Orleans Flag of Louisiana.svg
State of Maine Maine /ˈmeɪn/ ME 182003151820-03-15 01,321,574 Augusta Portland Flag of Maine.svg
State of Maryland Maryland /ˈmɛrələnd/ MD 178804281788-04-28 05,615,727 Annapolis Baltimore[7] Flag of Maryland.svg
Commonwealth of Massachusetts Massachusetts /ˌmæsəˈtʃuːsɪts/ MA 178802061788-02-06 06,437,193 Boston Boston Flag of Massachusetts.svg
State of Michigan Michigan /ˈmɪʃɪgən/ MI 183701261837-01-26 10,095,643 Lansing Detroit Flag of Michigan.svg
State of Minnesota Minnesota /ˌmɪnɪˈsoʊtə/ MN 185805111858-05-11 05,167,101 Saint Paul Minneapolis Flag of Minnesota.svg
State of Mississippi Mississippi /ˌmɪsɪˈsɪpi/ MS 181712101817-12-10 02,910,540 Jackson Jackson Flag of Mississippi.svg
State of Missouri Missouri /mɪˈzʊəri, mɪˈzʊərə/ MO 182108101821-08-10 05,842,713 Jefferson City Kansas City[8] Flag of Missouri.svg
State of Montana Montana /mɒnˈtænə/ MT 188911081889-11-08 00,944,632 Helena Billings Flag of Montana.svg
State of Nebraska Nebraska /nəˈbræskə/ NE 186703011867-03-01 01,768,331 Lincoln Omaha Flag of Nebraska.svg
State of Nevada Nevada /nəˈvædə/ NV 186410311864-10-31 02,495,529 Carson City Las Vegas Flag of Nevada.svg
State of New Hampshire New Hampshire /njuːˈhæmpʃər/ NH 178806211788-06-21 01,314,895 Concord Manchester[9] Flag of New Hampshire.svg
State of New Jersey New Jersey /njuːˈdʒɝzi/ NJ 178712181787-12-18 08,724,560 Trenton Newark[10] Flag of New Jersey.svg
State of New Mexico
Estado de Nuevo México
(Spanish)
New Mexico /njuːˈmɛksɪkoʊ/ NM 191201061912-01-06 01,954,599 Santa Fe Albuquerque Flag of New Mexico.svg
State of New York New York /njuːˈjɔrk/ NY 178807261788-07-26 19,306,183 Albany New York Flag of New York.svg
State of North Carolina North Carolina /ˌnɔrɵˌkɛrəˈlaɪnə/ NC 178911211789-11-21 08,856,505 Raleigh Charlotte Flag of North Carolina.svg
State of North Dakota North Dakota /ˌnɔrɵdəˈkoʊtə/ ND 188911021889-11-02 00,635,867 Bismarck Fargo Flag of North Dakota.svg
State of Ohio Ohio /oʊˈhaɪoʊ/ OH 180303011803-03-01 11,478,006 Columbus Columbus[11] Flag of Ohio.svg
State of Oklahoma Oklahoma /ˌoʊkləˈhoʊmə/ OK 190711161907-11-16 03,579,212 Oklahoma City Oklahoma City Flag of Oklahoma.svg
State of Oregon Oregon /ˈɒrɪgən/ OR 185902141859-02-14 03,700,758 Salem Portland Flag of Oregon.svg
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Pennsylvania /ˌpɛnsɪlˈveɪnjə/ PA 178712121787-12-12 12,440,621 Harrisburg Philadelphia Flag of Pennsylvania.svg
State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations Rhode Island /roʊdˈʔaɪlənd/ RI 179005291790-05-29 01,067,610 Providence Providence Flag of Rhode Island.svg
State of South Carolina South Carolina /ˌsɑʊɵkɛrəˈlaɪnə/ SC 178805231788-05-23 04,321,249 Columbia Columbia[12] Flag of South Carolina.svg
State of South Dakota South Dakota /ˌsɑʊɵdəˈkoʊtə/ SD 188911021889-11-02 00,781,919 Pierre Sioux Falls Flag of South Dakota.svg
State of Tennessee Tennessee /ˌtɛnɪˈsiː/ TN 179606011796-06-01 06,038,803 Nashville Memphis[13] Flag of Tennessee.svg
State of Texas Texas /ˈtɛksəs/ TX 184512291845-12-29 23,507,783 Austin Houston[14] Flag of Texas.svg
State of Utah Utah /ˈjuːtɔː/ UT 189601041896-01-04 02,550,063 Salt Lake City Salt Lake City Flag of Utah.svg
State of Vermont Vermont /vɚˈmɒnt/ VT 179103041791-03-04 00,623,908 Montpelier Burlington Flag of Vermont.svg
Commonwealth of Virginia Virginia /vɚˈdʒɪnjə/ VA 178806251788-06-25 07,642,884 Richmond Virginia Beach[15] Flag of Virginia.svg
State of Washington Washington /ˈwɒʃɪŋtən/ WA 188911111889-11-11 06,395,798 Olympia Seattle Flag of Washington.svg
State of West Virginia West Virginia /ˌwɛstvɚˈdʒɪnjə/ WV 186306201863-06-20 01,818,470 Charleston Charleston Flag of West Virginia.svg
State of Wisconsin Wisconsin /wɪsˈkɒnsɪn/ WI 184805291848-05-29 05,556,506 Madison Milwaukee Flag of Wisconsin.svg
State of Wyoming Wyoming /waɪˈoʊmɪŋ/ WY 189007101890-07-10 00,515,004 Cheyenne Cheyenne Flag of Wyoming.svg

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. See the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
  2. "Official USPS Abbreviations" (HTML). United States Postal Service. 1998. Diperolehi pada 2007-02-26. 
  3. "Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for the United States and States, and for Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006" (CSV). 2006 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2006-12-22. Diperolehi pada 2007-07-01. 
  4. "Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006" (HTML). 2006 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2007-06-28. Diperolehi pada 2007-07-01. 
  5. The Hartford-West Hartford-Willimantic Combined Statistical Area is the most populous metropolitan area in Connecticut.
  6. The Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach Metropolitan Statistical Area is the most populous metropolitan area in Florida.
  7. Baltimore City and the 12 Maryland counties of the Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area form the most populous metropolitan region in Maryland.
  8. The City of Saint Louis and the 8 Missouri counties of the St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington Combined Statistical Area form the most populous metropolitan region in Missouri.
  9. The 5 southeastern New Hampshire counties of the Boston-Worcester-Manchester Combined Statistical Area form the most populous metropolitan region in New Hampshire.
  10. The 13 northern New Jersey counties of the New York-Newark-Bridgeport Combined Statistical Area form the most populous metropolitan region in New Jersey.
  11. The Cleveland-Akron-Elyria Combined Statistical Area is the most populous metropolitan area in Ohio.
  12. The Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Combined Statistical Area is the most populous metropolitan area in South Carolina.
  13. The Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Columbia Combined Statistical Area is the most populous metropolitan area in Tennessee.
  14. The Dallas-Fort Worth Combined Statistical Area is the most populous metropolitan area in Texas.
  15. The 10 Virginia counties and 6 Virginia cities of the Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area form the most populous metropolitan region in Virginia.

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]


Templat:North America administrative divisions