Carnivoramorpha

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Carnivoramorpha
Julat zaman: Paleosen - Kini
Pengelasan saintifik
Alam: Animalia
Filum: Chordata
Kelas: Mammalia
(tanpa pangkat): Carnivoramorpha
subkelompok

Carnivoramorpha ialah satu klad mamalia yang menyertakan order moden Carnivora.

Pengelasan dan filogeni[sunting | sunting sumber]

Carnivoramorpha

  |?- †Aelurotherium
  |?- †Eosictis
  |?- †Elmensius
  |?- †Intyrictis vanvaleni 
  |?- †Notoamphicyon
  |?- †Ravenictis krausei atau cimolestan
  |?- †Vishnucyon
  `--+-- †Miacoidea (parafiletik)
     `--+-- †Viverravidae [Viverraroidea]
     `--+-- †Miacidea (parafiletik)
        `--+-- †Oodectes
           `--+-- †Vulpavus
               `--+-- †Miacis
                 `--+--+-- †Tapocyon
                    |  `--+-- †Miacis sylvestris
                    |     `-- †Prohesperocyon wilsoni
                    `--+-- †Quergygale angustidens
                       `-- †Nimravidae? (kedudukan sangat tidak stabil berhubung dengan Carnivora -  
                                         tidak diselesaikan setakat Ogos 2007)
                       `-- Carnivora
                          `-- Caniformia
                          `-- Aeluroidea

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Archibold, J.D., dan K.D. Rose (eds.). (2005). “The Rise of Placental Mammals: Origins and Relationships of the Major Clades.” Baltimore dan London: The Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-8022-X
  • Archibold, J.D., dan K.D. Rose. (2005). “Womb with a View: the Rise of Placentals.”[1]
  • Benton, Michael J. dan Philip C.J. Donoghue. (2007). “Paleontological Evidence to Date the Tree of Life.” Dating the Tree of Life 31. [2]
  • Bryant, H.N., dan M. Wolson (2004) “Phylogenetic Nomenclature of Carnivoran Mammals.” Mesyuarat Tatanama Filogenetik Antarabangsa Pertama. Paris, Muzium Negara Sejarah Semula Jadi, 6-9 Julai 2004. [3]
  • Flynn, John J. dan Gina D. Wesley-Hunt. 2005. "Phylogeny of the Carnivora: Basal Relationships Among the Carnivoramorphans, and Assessment of the Position of 'Miacoidea' Relative to Carnivora." Journal of Systematic Paleontology, 3: 1-28. Abstrak: [4]
  • Haaramo, Mikko. (2005). “Mikko's Phylogeny Archive Carnivoramorpha - Carnivores and relatives.” Dicapai pada 17 Februari 2007, daripada: [5]
  • Stiles, David P. (2005). “An investigation of the Vulpes and Urocyon phylogenetic classification: Feliformia or Caniformia?” Fox Phylogeny. Vertebrate Evolution – Fall 2005, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, Washington.[6]
  • Wesley-Hunt, Gina D. (2006). “The Morphological Diversification of Carnivores in North America.” Paleobiology. Jil. 31, Keluaran 1, hlm. 35–55. [7]
  • Wyss, A. R. & Flynn, J. J. (1993). “A Phylogenetic Analysis and Definition of the Carnivora.” dalam Mammal Phylogeny – Placentals, Szalay, F.S., M.J. Novacek dan M.C. McKenna (eds.). ISBN 0-387-97853-4.